Fighting Irregular Migration in Moldova (FIRMM)
Objective: The project 'Supporting the Republic of Moldova to Implement the EU-Moldova Action Plan on Visa Liberalisation' (FIRMM) aims to assist the Republic of Moldova in successfully implementing their action plan on visa liberalisation.
Summary: The project's expected results are:
- The Central Unit of Analysis and Information under the Bureau of Migration and Asylum is operational and functional.
- The Ministry of Interior's methodologies and tools to detect inland irregular migration and investigate related cases are fine-tuned and put into practice by relevant authorities.
- Law enforcement agencies and the judiciary are trained on international human rights standards and conventions and are able to use them in practice.
- The negotiation of readmission agreements with selected third countries are initiated and facilitated.
Partners: the Ministry of Interior of the Czech Republic, the Ministry of Interior of Hungary, the Ministry of Interior of Moldova, the Ministry of Interior of Romania, the National Institute for Justice and the Switzerland Federal Migration Office
Donors: European Union, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania and Switzerland
Duration: January 2013–June 2015
Forced Return Monitoring (FReM)
Objective: The overall objective of the FReM project is to further strengthen the quality of the European return system in line with human right standards and best practices and thus support the implementation of Article 8(6) of the Return Directive.
Summary: The project will specifically aim to create a European pool of forced return monitors available to the countries in need of implementing a forced return monitoring system. An effective monitoring system will verify whether human rights standards and legal obligations are met during the return. Returnees should be treated in a manner compliant with national legislation and international human rights standards.
Specific objectives of the project:
- Design of the European pool of forced return monitors
- Development of guidelines and monitoring tools
- Selection of monitors
- Development of a training manual and implementation of the training programme
- Pilot monitoring operations
- A thoroughly designed, agreed-upon and functioning framework, mandate, working modalities and methodology for a European pool of Forced return monitors is established.
- The FReM Guidelines for Forced Return Monitors are developed.
- Forced Return Monitors to be part of the European pool are identified and selected.
- The FReM Training Manual for the European Pool of Forced Return Monitors is developed and implemented through the training programme.
- Pilot monitoring operations covering specific phases of the return are conducted, involving each trained monitor.
- A final report that includes the findings of the monitors and recommendations is produced.
Partners: Representatives of return units in all participating European States: Austria, Bulgaria, Greece, Hungary, Luxembourg, Malta, Portugal and Switzerland
Donors: The European Union Return Fund – Community Actions, Austria, Bulgaria, Hungary, Luxembourg and Switzerland
Beneficiaries: All European States and entities involved in return, monitors and ultimately returnees
Duration: September 2013 - October 2015
Strengthening and Development of the Institutional Capacity of the Bureau of Migration and Asylum (SIR)Objective: This project contributed to the consolidation of the Bureau for Migration and Asylum (BMA).
Summary: The project aimed at consolidating the migration-related legal framework, internal BMA regulations and operational capacities in order to further strengthen the overall functioning of the migration management system in the Republic of Moldova. BMA staff was trained in topics related to illegal migration, legal migration and integration during the project through the exchange of good practices from Romania and other EU Member States. Moreover, a new methodology for the inland detection of illegal migration was developed and training was conducted. Additionally, the project established the first integration programme for the Republic of Moldova. As one of the immediately visible results, one of the BMA's field offices in Balti was renovated.
Partner: Romanian Ministry of Interior
Duration: October 2013–December 2014