Asia

Azerbaijan: Irregular Migration and Legal Framework

Objective: MIEUX supported the revision of the national migration legislation with the assistance of experts from the Dutch, Bulgarian and Danish national administrations.

Summary: In July 2010, an assessment mission to Baku took place and a review of the national legal framework was carried out. In the meantime, and in the same month, a study tour to Poland was organised, allowing the exposure of Azeri officials to European practices concerning the fight against irregular migration and management of internal and external borders. As a result of the assessment mission, a report was produced highlighting the main gaps and needs of the national migration framework and formulating a set of recommendations with regards to the enhancement of the domestic migration legislation. A  two-day training on migration legislation took place in January 2011.

Duration: May 2010January 2011

 

Azerbaijan II: Irregular Migration, Return and Readmission

Objective: In response to a second request from the State Migration Service of Azerbaijan, MIEUX provided technical assistance in managing irregular migration. The main objective of this action was to familiarise the relevant national authorities with EU and EU MS practices and policies in the fight against irregular migration.

Summary: A three-day training session on the management of accommodation facilities for irregular migrants took place in November 2011. This was followed by a study tour to the Netherlands from 1624 April 2012, which introduced four officials of the State Migration Service to European and Dutch good practices in the fight against irregular migration and their experience related to irregular migration. The last activity was finalised in July 2012 with training on return and readmission in order to build the capacities of participants from relevant authorities dealing with the return of irregular migrants from Azerbaijan. Experts from the Belgian, Dutch and Hungarian national administrations were deployed for this action.

Duration: May 2011July 2012

 

Cambodia: Border Management/Document Security and Migration Management

Objective: The aim of the action was to support the relevant Cambodian central and local authorities to address current migration challenges by enhancing their capacities to better manage borders and curb illegal migration. In particular, MIEUX provided technical assistance to the Cambodian Immigration Department in order to equip it with both theoretical and practical knowledge on various aspects of border and migration management. MIEUX also assisted the Cambodian Immigration Department in formulating medium-term priorities on strengthening the migration and border management systems.

Summary: Following the results of an initial fact-finding mission, which took place in January 2013, a set of thematic information sessions on border and migration management took place in February 2014. A training session for police officials in Siem Reap was held in April 2014. A roadmap on the strengthening of border and migration management was developed. Experts from the Austrian and Hungarian national administrations were deployed for this action.

Duration: October 2012June 2014

 

India: Migration Management

Objective: The aim of the action is to support the government of India's efforts to manage overseas migration by building capacity at the sub-national level against irregular migration. The action will also produce a set of tailored guidelines on data collection and communication with central government bodies.

Summary: An initial assessment mission took place in May 2012 to identify key areas of need in migration management. Experts from the Italian and Spanish national administrations were deployed for this action.

Duration: January 2012-July 2015

 

Kazakhstan: Seminar on Visa Facilitation and Migration Between the Republic of Kazakhstan and the EU

Objective: MIEUX organised a seminar on mobility in Astana, which was attended by the relevant national authorities of Kazakhstan, the European Commission and EU Member States. The objective of the seminar was to improve the capacities of relevant institutions to better manage migration-related issues in accordance with EU standards and practices, as well as to provide a platform for discussion and increased cooperation between Kazakh authorities and the EU. Five MIEUX experts from the administrations of France, Germany, Hungary, Poland and Sweden contributed to the success of this action.

Duration: 22 October 2009

 

Kyrgyzstan I: Migration Management and Irregular Migration

Objective: The aim of the action was to support the Kyrgyz authorities' efforts in developing a communication strategy and designing an information campaign to counter irregular migration and negative practices related to it, and to promote the return and reintegration of migrants.

Summary: Following a fact-finding mission in March 2013, MIEUX implemented the first training session on communication strategies and information campaigns in Bishkek in June 2013. The subsequent activities, held in October and November 2013, were a study visit to Italy to consolidate the theoretical and practical information based on concrete examples, and a second information session on the development of a communication strategy in Bishkek. The action also supported the Kyrgyz authorities in organising an information campaign for selected target groups in April 2014. Finally, the Migration Communication Strategy was developed and adopted, and campaign materials produced. Experts from the Bulgarian, Italian and Ukrainian national administrations were deployed for this action.

Duration: December 2012November 2014

 

Kyrgyzstan II: Migration Policy

Objective: The overall objective of the action is to support the government of the Kyrgyz Republic in developing a National Migration Policy.

Summary: This action began in October 2014 with consultative meetings with key government stakeholders dealing with migration policy to establish their main institutional needs, and agree on the institutions and members of the Core Group, which will be involved in drafting the National Migration Policy. Thematic knowledge exchange sessions will be organised for Kyrgyz officials on legal migration, irregular migration and border management, and migration and development, thus widening their knowledge in all pertinent aspects of migration policy. The drafting process of the policy document was initiated in December 2014 during a workshop on migration policy cycle during which the participants discussed the main topics to be addressed by the future policy, with a focus on legal migration and its management. This was followed by a knowledge exchange session on irregular migration. The third knowledge exchange and drafting session of the National Migration Policy document is planned with thematic focus on migration and development, and Diaspora engagement, along with remote support provided by the experts to this process. Experts from the Lithuanian, Moldovan, Polish and Romanian national administrations are being deployed for this action. 

Duration: July 2014present

 

Lao People’s Democratic Republic

Objective: The aim of the action is to enhance the capacities and support the efforts of the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare (MoLSW) of the Lao PDR and other relevant agencies in migration data collection and analysis. In particular, this action will strengthen the capacities of Lao PDR government officials in labour migration data collection and analysis, and improve the national migration information database, administered by the MoLSW.

Summary: With a view to achieving the above-mentioned objectives, three sets of activities are being implemented. This action started in mid-February 2015 with a fact-finding mission to identify the needs of the national authorities dealing with quantifying labour emigration, followed by a workshop mapping inter-agency coordination in migration data collection. Further, workshops were  organised in July and September 2015 on EU and international migration data, and in-depth analysis of methodologies, management and reporting mechanism. Guidelines for inter-agency cooperation in the production of migration statistics are being developed and will be validated by the MoLSW. An expert from the Italian national administration and an Estonian academic are being deployed for this action.

Duration: January 2014present

 

Malaysia: Integrated Border Management (IBM), Document Security and Trafficking in Human Beings (THB)

Objective: MIEUX provided support to the relevant Malaysian authorities to effectively manage migration through improved border management practices and procedures, and to curb irregular migration by observing human rights principles and standards.

Summary: Following the results of the initial fact-finding mission, which took place in December 2012, a set of information sessions was scheduled on THB, document security and IBM. The first of these sessions, on document security, took place in March 2013 and was followed by a session on integrated border management in May 2013. This action was completed in June 2013, when the final training session on THB took place. Experts from the Belgian, Bulgarian, Czech, Dutch, Slovenian, Spanish and UK national administrations were deployed for this action.

Duration: October 2012June 2013

 

Myanmar: Labour Migration

Objective: The aim of the action is to support the efforts of the Ministry of Labour, Employment and Social Security (MOLES) of Myanmar in the management of labour migration through a rights-based approach.

Summary:
This action is being implemented with a two-step approach. The first step was a fact-finding mission in January 2014 that identified tailored follow-up activities to be organised in view of responding to the main priorities of the Ministry. Experts from the Italian and Romanian national administrations participated in this exercise. The second step focuses on strengthening the institutional capacities of the MOLES staff at central and local levels to better manage labour migration through the delivery of a set of thematic workshops and training of trainer sessions. A first workshop on the awareness-raising campaigns cycle within the context of labour migration was delivered early February 2015 with the support of a private European consultant and an expert from the Philippines national administration. A Strategic planning session and workshop on the Practical Handbook on Managing Labour Migration followed in July 2015. These activities will be rounded off by the drafting of the handbook throughout the remainder of 2015, led by an expert from the ASEAN task force on migrant workers’ rights and a Romanian expert.  Further capacity building activities will follow upon finalisation of the handbook.

Duration: May 2013present

 

The Philippines: Awareness-Raising Against Illegal Recruitment and Trafficking in Human Beings

Objective: MIEUX provided support to the Philippines Overseas Employment Administration (POEA) in improving the programme "Illegal Recruitment-Free Local Government Units Campaign".

Summary: An assessment mission to Manila took place in December 2010, identifying the current state of play in the field of prevention of THB and illegal recruitment. This was followed by training for the POEA Campaign. The training was provided as preparation for the development of an awareness-raising campaign. A resource book entitled "Campaigning against illegal recruitment and trafficking in persons using social marketing techniques" was produced. This was followed with a three-day strategic planning process in which the existing tools to carry out the campaign were reviewed and brainstorming on the campaign branding and message took place. The output of this process was an overall logical framework for the POEA's preventative work. The awareness-raising campaign materials were piloted at the official launch of the campaign "NO to illegal recruitment and trafficking" in June 2011. In parallel to this activity, training was organised for POEA collaborating prosecutors and lawyers on various aspects related to THB. The final activity took place in Vienna in May 2012 in the form of training for the Philippines labour attachés based in EU MS. The aim of this training was to familiarise the participants with the latest EU measures and policies in the fields of legal/labour migration, anti-trafficking efforts, legislative developments and other related aspects of EU migration policy. Private consultants were deployed for this action.

Duration: February 2010May 2012

 

The Philippines II: Trafficking in Human Beings (THB) and Illegal Recruitment (IR)

Objective: In response to a second request received from the Philippines Overseas Employment Administration (POEA), the aim of the action is to contribute to the current efforts of the relevant Philippine institutions to counter THB and IR, while enhancing coordination among involved agencies.


Summary: With a view to achieving the above-mentioned objectives, two sets of activities will be implemented. Firstly, the 'Guideline on the Monitoring and Evaluation of the Implementation of the Memorandum of Agreement (MOA)' on THB and IR signed between the POEA and local government units was elaborated and  a specific training was organised in December 2015. Secondly, the investigation/prosecution capacities and victim referral practices related to THB and IR at central and local levels are enhanced through the delivery of workshops and training of trainers. A first workshop was held in May 2015. These activities will be supplemented through the development of the Training Handbook on Investigation and Prosecution Procedures related to THB and IR cases. A Romanian government expert and a Private European expert are being deployed for the first component of the action. Experts from the Belgian and British national administrations are being deployed for the second component.


Duration: April 2014present

 

Thailand: Trafficking in Human Beings (THB)

Objective: The overall objective of the action is to strengthen the capacities of the Division of Anti-Trafficking, within the Ministry of Social Development and Human Security, on the protection of victims of THB and issues related to homelessness in the context of migration.


Summary:  This action started in January 2015 with a scoping mission on the current system for victim protection and the state of play related to the status (and prevention) of homeless immigrants. It was followed by a workshop on the protection and care of vulnerable victims of trafficking in June 2015. Select participants from Thailand’s ‘multidisciplinary’ case-handling teams were targeted. Study visits to Ireland and Belgium were organised for Thai officials from the Division of Anti-Trafficking and the Department of Social Development and Welfare within the Ministry. Furthermore, a workshop on modalities to further strengthen the national and transnational referral system for victims of trafficking will be organised. The action will conclude with an information session on the conditions and best practices on migrant homelessness and prevention.
EU academia and representatives from NGOs are being deployed for this action.


Duration: September 2013-present

 

Tajikistan I: Labour Migration Management

Objective: The aim of the action is to enhance the capacities of the Tajik Migration Service to improve its labour migration management by providing the capacity to develop a data collection and management system.

Summary:
In June 2013 the action was kicked-off with a fact-finding mission that helped fine-tune the content of the following activities. . An information session on migration data collection and analysis subsequently took place in October 2013, which was complemented by the organisation of a study visit of Tajik officials to Italy in May 2014 to allow them to learn about European techniques on labour migration management and data collection. . The action was completed with two final sessions; a training of trainers on pre-departure orientation in October 2014 as well as a roundtable on diaspora engagement, in December 2015. Experts from Italy, Romania and the Russian Federation were deployed for this action.

Duration: February 2013–December 2015

 

Tajikistan II: Trafficking in Human Beings (THB)

Objective: In response to a second request received from Tajikistan, the aim of the action is to support the Tajik authorities' anti-trafficking law enforcement efforts in line with the objectives of the new Programme on Combating THB for 2014–2016.

Summary: This action started with a scoping mission in July 2014 to identify the precise gaps and needs of Tajik authorities dealing with combating THB. It was followed by a series of three information sessions throughout 2015 on the EU's experience in international cooperation in criminal matters regarding combating THB, on the detection and identification of THB and migrant smuggling crimes and on the identification of victims of trafficking and first aid measures. In November 2015, the UK invited 5 Tajik officials to gain insights into various anti-trafficking instruments and techniques that the UK has established, after which the action was successfully closed.   Experts from the British, Lithuanian and Romanian national administrations were deployed for this action. 


Duration: March 2014– December 2015 

 

Uzbekistan: Migration Management and Trafficking in Human Beings (THB)

Objective: MIEUX provided technical assistance in migration management and trafficking in human beings (THB). In May 2010, a seminar on mobility issues was held in Tashkent, in cooperation with the EC DG Justice and Home Affairs. As a result of this seminar, a number of activities were developed to support the overall improvement of national migration management and policies.

Summary: Training on the protection of victims of trafficking was organised for the staff of the National Rehabilitation Centre for Victims of THB. It was followed by a seminar on migration management, policy and legislation, which brought together the national agencies responsible for migration-related issues. A study visit to Spain took place in June 2011, in cooperation with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of Spain. Five government representatives were familiarised with Spain's developments in the field of migration, and opportunities for bilateral cooperation and future policy implications were discussed. Following the visit of one of the MIEUX experts to Tashkent, a short awareness film on trafficking in human beings and illegal migration was produced for further dissemination by the Ministry of Labour. Experts from the Dutch, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Polish, Portuguese and Romanian national administrations were deployed for this action.

Duration: May 2010June 2012

 

Southeast Asia: Legal Migration, and Migration and Development

Objective: Following a request from the Commission of Filipinos Overseas (CFO) of the Philippines, the Directorate of Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Indonesia, and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Vietnam, MIEUX provided technical assistance to the Southeast Asian countries in a large number of areas covering migration management, and, most notably, legal migration, migration and development, and human rights.

Summary: This action consisted of three thematic two-day regional conferences, which aimed to tackle a wide range of migration policy areas of interest to the countries in the region, as follows: a conference on migration in Manila (December 2012); a conference on migration and development in Jakarta (August 2013) and a conference on irregular migration and the human rights of migrants in Hanoi (October 2013). The action supported the efforts of various partners in the region, notably governmental authorities, to advance the ongoing regional cooperation on mobility and migration issues, and to support the efforts of mainstreaming migration and development into the regional cooperation framework and national development policies. It also served as a platform to enable the sharing of knowledge, practices and experience between European Union Member States and the Southeast Asian governments on aspects related to migration and mobility, and on their inter-governmental and inter-regional cooperation frameworks and collaborative efforts in migration and development. Thematically, the action enabled discussions on a wide spectrum of migration-related issues, from irregular migration and protection of migrants' rights, to migration and development, mobility of people, etc. The discussions were steered and facilitated by experts from Southeast Asia and the European Union, and they were reflected in three reports of each conference which, in addition to summaries of presentations, incorporated a set of policy measures which could be further pursued by Southeast Asian governments regionally, bilaterally or nationally. Experts from various EU Member States' (Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands and Poland) national administrations and Southeast Asia were deployed.

Duration: March 2012October 2013

Downloads

MiEUx Factsheet on "Unaccompanied migrant minors in Europe and Mexico" en es fr  Migration EU eXpertise 2009-2015 en fr MIEUX Publication 2009-11 en fr
MIEUX Expert Note en
MIEUX Info Note: ar en es fr ru
MIEUX Newsletter Latin America and the Caribbean en es
MIEUX Newsletter Middle East/North Africa ar en fr
MIEUX Newsletter Sub-Saharan Africa  en fr
MIEUX Newsletter Asia/Eastern Europe en ru  

 

This project is funded by the European Union