Argentina/Brazil: Development of a Regional Integrated Information System on Trafficking in Human Beings (THB)
Objective: The aim of this action was to support the efforts of the Ministry of Security of Argentina (MSA) and Ministry of Justice of Brazil (NJS) to actively cooperate, exchange information and improve their capacities to fight human trafficking.
Summary: This technical assistance supported the building of an information exchange mechanism between the two countries in the area of human trafficking, and provided a transfer of knowledge, practices and experience from EU MS administrations on given aspects. The first assessment mission to Argentina took place in June 2012 to evaluate the THB criminal data collection in Argentina with the MSA. The second assessment mission, this time to Brazil, took place in October 2012 and assessed the gaps and needs of the NJS. Experts from the Portuguese and Spanish national administrations were deployed for this action.
Duration: November 2011–March 2014
Bolivia: Capacity Building of Consular Staff
Objective: MIEUX provided capacity building for Bolivian consular staff with the assistance of experts from the Spanish national administration.
Summary: The first assessment mission to La Paz took place in July 2010 with the aim to review and map the gaps and needs of the Directorate General for Consular Affairs. The manual 'EU Migration and Asylum Matters for Consular Use' was developed to be used as basis for the delivery of the series of training sessions taking place at different Bolivian consular posts. The first training for consular staff took place in La Paz in November 2010. Following the completion of the first phase of activities, this action was formally closed.
Duration: May 2010–December 2010
Colombia: Document Security and Trafficking in Human Beings
Objective: The MIEUX technical assistance action in Colombia aimed at strengthening the capacities of the national authorities to manage the fight against irregular migration and document fraud. To this end, the action contributed to provide the national security forces with capable trained resource persons in the areas of Document Security and Trafficking in Human Beings (THB) and Smuggling of Migrants (SoM).
Summary: In October 2010 a five-day working group session took place, with the aim of assessing the state of play of national migration management practices, with a particular focus on the fight against irregular migration. Over 30 officials were brought together to discuss regional cooperation, trafficking and smuggling issues, border control and document security matters, as well as modern migration management systems and practices based on the EU experience. Final conclusions of this session identifying main gaps and needs, as well as priority courses of action, in each of the thematic areas were presented.
In February 2011, two training of trainers’ courses on document security and trafficking in human beings/smuggling of migrants were delivered. Two training manuals were elaborated and handed over to the beneficiary authorities, including the relevant training academy. (“Investigation of Trafficking in Human Beings and Smuggling of Migrants” and “Examination and Analysis of Identity and Travel Documents”). The MIEUX Colombia action concluded with a study visit to Madrid for key Colombian officials in late June 2011, which familiarised with EU and Spanish migration management practices, particularly in the field of border management.
Duration: October 2010–July 2011
Costa Rica: Integration issues, Irregular Migration and Trafficking in Human Beings (THB)
Objective: MIEUX assisted the Costa Rican General Directorate of Migration (GDM) in strengthening its capacities to manage migration flows, with a view to curbing irregular migration and maximising migration benefits.
Summary: MIEUX supported the relevant migration authorities with capable, trained human resources by reinforcing the development of training material on THB and smuggling of migrants for the nationwide basic training of migration officers. In addition, MIEUX supported the development of the National Integration Plan of Costa Rica. An assessment mission took place in mid-February 2012, which provided the foundation for the course on integration policy and defined the modalities of support for the development of the National Integration Plan. In June 2012, training modules on THB and the smuggling of migrants were developed and a training of trainers course was delivered. MIEUX experts successfully finalised the National Integration Plan, which was published in March 2013. Experts from the Spanish national administration were deployed for this action.
Duration: October 2011–March 2013
Dominican Republic II: Border Management
Objective: The overall objective of this MIEUX Action is to enhance the training and self-learning capacities of the Dominican Republic’s main migration authorities.
Summary: MIEUX is assisting the National Institute for Migration in developing a comprehensive and innovative training programme for the National School of Migration. A fact-finding mission is scheduled for March 2016, including a visit to the Las Américas International Airport, the port of Santo Domingo, the office of the Directorate General for Migration in Barahona and the Jimaní border post, as well as bilateral meetings with the main national stakeholders involved in border management. The last day of this mission will be used to analyse the training needs and plan the upcoming activities. Experts from the Mexican and Spanish national administrations and a Spanish academic are being deployed for this Action.
Duration: December 2015–present
Mexico: Unaccompanied minors
Objective: The overall objective of this MIEUX Action is to enhance capacities of the Mexican migration authorities and their partners to better manage migration.
Summary: This Action will strengthen the Mexican efforts on identification, monitoring and adequate protection of migrating foreign unaccompanied minors by knowledge transfer of EU best practices on assistance and protection of unaccompanied minor migrants. An information session on European child protection policies, and two seminars on best interest assessment of unaccompanied minors are planned for March 2016. These will bring together representatives of the National Migration Institute, the National System for Integral Family Development, the Committee for Refugee Assistance and the consulates of El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras (the main countries of origin of unaccompanied minors in Mexico). Experts from the Belgian and Dutch national administrations, as well as a Swedish NGO, are involved in this Action.
Duration: October 2015–present
Panama: Integrated Border Management (IBM)
Objective: The MIEUX technical assistance in Panama aimed at supporting the development of a national IBM strategy through the provision of training and long-distance assistance.
Summary: The first workshop took place in Panama City in October 2010. The three-day training aimed at providing key officials with the methodology and tools for initiating the process of developing a national IBM strategy. Specific focus was given to the setting up of an IBM Inter-agency Working Group (IAWG). Representatives from eight national agencies with relevant border management responsibilities were brought together to share experiences and were exposed to the best practices and examples of IBM implementation at the European level.
A second workshop in February 2011 focused on the state of play and challenges of IBM in Panama and the identification of the main needs and priorities in this regard, as well as possible solutions to improve inter-agency cooperation. A preliminary identification of key objectives for the national IBM strategy was carried out.
Through continuous long-distance assistance throughout the action, an analysis of the state of play of border management in Panama was conducted and final recommendations for the way forward in the process of developing a national IBM strategy were elaborated and handed-over to the national authorities in August 2011.
Duration: October 2010–August 2011
Paraguay I: Capacity Building for Consular Staff
Objective: MIEUX provided technical assistance to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Paraguay, and in particular, to the Directorate for Paraguayans Abroad (DSCPCA). The main objective of this action was to support the DSCPCA in the knowledge building of headquarters and consular staff with respect to international standards in immigration policy and procedures.
Summary: A mapping mission took place in November 2011 in which bilateral meetings were held with relevant national institutions dealing with migration, as well as other important stakeholders, in order to identify priority areas, and the existing gaps and needs of Paraguayan migration management, especially in the area of consular services and support of nationals abroad. In April 2012, training on migration management for Paraguayan administrations dealing with migration issues, and consular staff at Argentinean, Brazilian, Chilean and Uruguayan consular posts, took place in Asunción. The final activity involved training on migration management for Paraguayan consular staff at European consular posts in Madrid in July 2012. Experts from the Dutch and Spanish national administrations were deployed for this action.
Duration: April 2011–July 2012
Paraguay II: Diaspora Engagement, Data Management
Objective: The overall objective of this action is to support the implementation of the Paraguayan National Migration Policy, in particular to support the government in professionalising its public services for Paraguayans abroad.
Summary: This Action is supporting the Directorate of Support to the Paraguayan Communities Abroad under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in elaborating a comprehensive, tailor-made training curriculum on diaspora engagement for consular staff. Furthermore, the theoretical knowledge with regard to data collection and analysis on Paraguayans living abroad is strengthened. The first activity that took place in November 2015 consisted of a knowledge exchange seminar on diaspora engagement, and a coordination session to launch the development of the diaspora engagement training curriculum.
Duration: April 2015- present
Peru: Trafficking in Human Beings (THB)
Objective: The aim of this Action is to support the efforts of the Permanent Multisectoral Working Group against Trafficking in Human Beings to strengthen its response to the human trafficking challenge in line with the objectives of the Peruvian National Anti-Trafficking Action Plan.
Summary: A fact-finding mission to identify needs in the area of human trafficking, and to provide recommendations for the improvement of assistance to victims of THB, took place in April 2013. Based on the results of the fact-finding report, the MIEUX team supported the peer-to-peer knowledge exchange on victim-centred responses to human trafficking between the members of the Permanent Multisectoral Working Group against Trafficking in Human Beings and civil servants from the EU and Latin America in September 2013.
During a study visit to Argentina in March 2015, Peruvian government officials had the opportunity to meet stakeholders in charge of prosecution, protection and prevention in another country, to exchange experiences and to learn in particular from the knowledge gained with regard to victim assistance. In July 2015, experts assisted the Permanent Multisectoral Working Group against Trafficking in Human Beings and regional representatives in developing a framework for monitoring and evaluating the national and regional anti-trafficking action plans. The development of a monitoring and evaluation handbook is the final activity of this Action. This practical tool will provide the Peruvian authorities with easy-to-follow guidelines on how to monitor, review, evaluate and report on the implementation of national and regional anti-trafficking action plans. Experts from the Argentinean, Brazilian, Portuguese and Spanish national administrations are being deployed for this Action.
Duration: April 2013–present
Central American Integration System (SICA): Integrated Border Management
Objective: MIEUX supported the Central American Integration System (SICA) in the organisation of a Regional Thematic Workshop on Integrated Border Management (IBM), which took place in Panama City, with the aim of introducing the concept of IBM in the region.
Summary: For the first time in the Central American integration process, representatives from different institutions – police, migration and customs – of different countries – SICA Member States Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, as well as Belize – were brought together to discuss the concept of IBM and explore its potential for border management in Central America.
Duration: 10–14 May 2010
MERCOSUR: A Human Right’s Cross-cutting Approach to Border Management and Trafficking in Human Beings
Objective: The aim of this action was to support the Parliament of the MERCOSUR in the development of the free movement of persons’ agenda in the region.
Summary: The MIEUX technical assistance touched upon the areas of Border Management and Trafficking in Human Beings, with a human rights’ cross-cutting perspective. In June 2011, the "Working Group Session on Regional Migration Policy and Security" took place in Paraguay, with the participation of representatives from both legislative and executive bodies of the MERCOSUR Member and Associate States. Workshops on the topics of trafficking in human beings and border management took place in Montevideo in September and December 2011, during which recommendations for the course of action in each of the given areas were elaborated. The activities were implemented with the participation of experts from the Austrian, Spanish and Portuguese national administrations.
Duration: April 2011–December 2011