Angola: Migration Legislation Development and Asylum
Objective: The MIEUX technical assistance in Angola supported the process of legislation development, through the provision of legal advisory services and practical tools for improvement of the relevant domestic legal framework. The action focused, in particular, on the drafting of the National Asylum Law.
Summary: In March 2010, an assessment mission to Luanda took place, which aimed at evaluating the existing migration and asylum legal framework, its correlation and compatibility with international standards and the level of implementation of the national legislation. The report ‘Migration and Asylum Institutional and Legal Framework in Angola’, including a set of recommendations for improvement and the way forward, was drafted.
In July 2010, the 'Seminar on Migration Legislation Development' was organised, with the aim of presenting the aforementioned recommendations, and furthermore, providing a national platform of dialogue on specific topics, such as refugee law and trafficking in human beings. The event successfully gathered participants from both central and regional government authorities, as well as different relevant ministries involved in migration management. A set of final recommendations for future courses of action was adopted.
Duration: September 2009–July 2011
Benin: Migration and Development
Summary: A fact-finding mission to identify the needs in terms of migration and development, and remittance management in Benin took place in May 2013. Based on the results of the fact-finding mission, the MIEUX team produced an assessment report, as well as organised a seminar on migration and development, and remittances in order to support the National Strategy on Productive and Social Use of Remittances. The seminar took place in October 2013. This will be followed by two other seminars aiming at drafting the future strategy. Experts from the German national administration and a private consultant working for the African Development Bank were deployed for the first activities.
Duration: January 2013–present
Burundi I: Border Management (and Security) and Human Rights
Summary: This action started with a fact-finding mission in December 2013 to identify border management procedures and human capacities in Burundi. It will be followed by two sets of activities. One set is related to the drafting of a border management strategy and its operational guidelines. The National Seminar on Border Management was held in June 2014 and an ad hoc joint drafting session was held in December 2014. The other set aims at strengthening the knowledge and capacities of border and migration officials in addressing the needs of vulnerable migrants at borders and in using referral mechanisms for vulnerable migrants. Experts from the French administration are being deployed for this action.
Duration: September 2013–present
Burundi II: Migration and Development
Summary: In the aim of drafting the National Policy on Diaspora Engagement, a set of activities will be implemented. This action started in August 2014 with meetings with the different Burundian actors in order to map out the ongoing diaspora-related activities. Furthermore, consultations with diaspora organisations in the EU, as well as policy exchange meetings between the staff of the Directorate of Diaspora and Belgium authorities, was organised in February 2015. A workshop was held in April 2015 to finalise the National Policy on Diaspora Engagement and to launch the drafting process of the Action Plan. The MIEUX experts are also providing guidance and support to the Inter-ministerial Committee set up by the Directorate of Diaspora. The Committee leads the drafting of the National Policy on Diaspora Engagement. Finally, a series of information sessions on diaspora engagement and communication with the diaspora are foreseen. Experts from the French and Malian national administrations are being deployed for this action.
Duration: April 2014–present
Cabo Verde I: Development of the National Immigration Strategy and Action Plan
Objective: MIEUX provided support in the development of the National Immigration Strategy under the scope of the EU-Cape Verde Mobility Partnership.
Summary: In February 2010, the Seminar on Migration Management and the Development of Migration Policies took place in Praia, Cape Verde, which gathered together representatives from various government institutions, NGOs and academia involved in migration. The seminar preceded an assessment mission, the findings of which were used for the National Immigration Strategy (NIS). Two additional missions followed in September and November 2010, with a view to improving and consolidating the draft of the NIS through a series of consultations with relevant authorities and stakeholders. Following the endorsement of the National Immigration Strategy in October 2011, the second phase of the action started with a presentation of the Immigration Strategy and a workshop on the development of the National Action Plan on Immigration. This workshop enabled the experts to gather information on recent developments in the area of immigration, and brainstorm on the content and structure of the action plan(s). The final activity presented the final action plan for the implementation of the National Immigration Strategy to the national authorities, and took place in Praia in February 2013. Experts from the Cape Verdean, Dutch, Finnish and French national administrations were deployed for this action.
Duration: February 2010–February 2013
Cabo Verde II: Support to the Drafting of New Migration Framework Legislation
Objective: In this second phase of technical assistance to the country, MIEUX supported the efforts of Cape Verde to finalise the reform of its immigration policy and legislative framework, and ensure an appropriate implementation of the recently approved National Immigration Strategy.
Summary: Following an in-depth review of the current legislative framework and assessment of its consistency with the new National Immigration Strategy and other instruments, a support workshop for the drafting of new legislation on migration and asylum took place in March 2013. The experts provided remote support in coordinating the legislative proposal drafting process, and assisted in the review of the final proposal for the main legislation to replace the 1997 Law on Foreigners, which was presented during a public event in July 2013 in Praia. Law academics from Cape Verdean and Portuguese universities were deployed for this action.
Duration: July 2012–July 2013
Cabo Verde III: Migration Legislation
Objective: The overall objective of this action is to support the efforts of the Ministry of Interior in reforming its policy and legislative framework on Foreigners and on Asylum, and to ensure a proper implementation of the relevant laws.
Summary: Following two previous MIEUX actions in the country, this action began with a fact-finding mission. Furthermore, an information session on new frameworks and procedures for the entry and residence of foreigners was organised to build the capacity and reinforce the knowledge of field and central administration officers. An expert from Portugal and one from Cabo Verde were deployed for this action. The information session on new frameworks and procedures regarding Asylum and Protection is foreseen for the second quarter of 2016.
Duration: July 2014–present
Cote d’Ivoire I: Trafficking in Human Beings (THB)
Summary: An assessment mission took place in September 2012, which provided an understanding of the current national anti-THB efforts and institutions responsible for THB. This activity was followed by the National Seminar on Counter-THB Policy, which took place in April 2013. MIEUX experts then provided support for the development of a new policy framework on THB, which will be presented in a final activity for validation and submission at the political level. An inter-departmental working group on THB has been set up. The preparation of this new policy framework was launched during a first technical meeting, co-organised with UNODC, in October 2013, which was followed by other MIEUX-UNODC joint meetings in March and June 2014 and in February 2015. The National Strategy and Action Plan to counter THB in Côte d’Ivoire for the period 2016-2020 were officially presented in November 2015. Experts from the Italian and Portuguese national administrations were deployed for this action.
Duration: March 2012-November 2015
Côte d’Ivoire II: Migration and Development
Summary: This action began with an assessment mission in May 2014 to identify the gaps and challenges related to migration and development in Côte d'Ivoire based on the results of the MeDAO project. This was followed in September 2014 by a knowledge exchange session on migration and development during which the policy development process was launched. In addition, a study visit to Morocco was conducted in May 2015 with a view towards sharing experiences and best migration and development practices within a South-South exchange perspective. The findings of the study visit are expected to also feed into the drafting process of the National Strategy on Migration and Development. A workshop on the contribution of immigrant communities to the development of Côte d'Ivoire will be organised and a specific chapter of the Ivorian Strategy on Migration and Development will be dedicated to this topic. The strategy will be presented in a final activity, for validation, and will pave the way for further discussions related to its implementation. An expert from the French national administration and a Senegalese expert are being deployed for this action.
Duration: March 2014–present
Ethiopia: Conference "National Dialogue on Tackling Illegal Migration"
Objective: From 11–12 March 2010, in partnership with the Ethiopian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, MIEUX provided support and technical assistance in the implementation of the Ethiopian National Conference on Irregular Migration.
Summary: Held at the UN-ECA Conference Hall in Addis Ababa, the conference brought together, for the first time under one roof, over 250 national stakeholders – both from the capital and regions – to discuss and find common grounds on key challenges related to combating smuggling and trafficking in human beings. MIEUX EU experts, from the United Kingdom Home Office and the Border Agency, assisted and advised participants in the development of a national strategy on irregular migration. The conference was opened by the Their Excellencies Ato Seyoum Mesfin, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ethiopia, Mr. Dino Sinigallia, Ambassador and Head of the EU Delegation to Ethiopia, and Mr. Antonio Sánchez-Benedito Gaspar, Ambassador of Spain to Ethiopia.
Duration: 11–12 March 2010
The Gambia: Data Management
Objective: The overall objective of this action was to support the Ministry of Interior of The Gambia in preparing for the development of a national migration policy. With this aim, MIEUX provided assistance to the Gambia Bureau of Statistics in the completion, analysis and dissemination of the National Migration and Urbanisation Survey conducted in 2009.
Summary: The first activity took place at the end of October 2011 in the form of an assessment mission, with a review of the 2009 National Migration and Urbanisation Survey and the workshop "Data Collection for Migration Statistics". The workshop gave representatives from different national agencies a chance to exchange ideas, knowledge and practices on migration flows and data collection in The Gambia, among themselves and with the MIEUX EU experts. In addition, the MIEUX experts were familiarised with the raw data from the National Migration and Urbanisation Survey. The second activity was a desk-based data validation activity conducted in the experts' home countries. This was followed by a data analysis workshop in January 2012, which engaged participants from relevant agencies involved in the National Migration and Urbanisation Survey and those working at the operational level.
Throughout this action, MIEUX experts completed the National Migration and Urbanisation Survey Final Report in close coordination with the Gambian Ministry of Interior and Bureau of Statistics. These results were officially published and disseminated to various ministries and organisations at a final event on 13 December 2012 in Banjul.
Experts from the French and Italian national administrations were deployed for this Action. ICMPD also provided expertise to this action.
Duration: October 2010–December 2012
Ghana I: Capacity Building and Migration Management
Objective: MIEUX provided support to the Ghanaian Immigration Service (GIS) through a series of workshops aimed at enhancing its migration management, migration policy, communications, project management, institutional building and reform. A training session on the Global Approach to Migration and Mobility (GAMM) was also provided through this action.
Summary: The first activity was completed in November 2011, which identified the gaps and needs of the GIS and the internal Project Planning Monitoring and Evaluation Unit (PPMEU). The findings and recommendations were delivered in an assessment report, which formed the basis of the activities developed in line with the overall objectives of this request. In line with these recommendations, MIEUX organised the seminar "The EU Global Approach to Migration and Mobility" in Accra in January 2012 for Ghanaian authorities and stakeholders. This was closely followed by the first of four workshops, which took place in February 2012, on project development for senior management staff of the GIS. The second was on institution building and reform (with reference to migration management) and took place 24–26 April 2012. In March 2013, a workshop on communication was implemented for the public relations officers in order to develop a communication strategy for the GIS. The last activity, a workshop on migration policies, took place in April 2013. Experts from the British, Bulgarian, Dutch and Polish public administrations, as well as two private consultants, were deployed for this action.
Duration: September 20112–April 2013
Ghana II: Migration and Development
Summary: This Action began with a 5-day event in August 2014 in Accra aimed at discussing the issue of the potential contribution of Ghanaian diaspora to the socio-economic development of the country, and launching the drafting process of the Ghanaian Diaspora Engagement Policy document. It was followed by a consultative meeting between selected representatives of Ghanaian diaspora in Europe and representatives of the Diaspora Affairs Bureau in Belgium in October 2014 to foster dialogue and interaction on the objectives and fundamentals of the policy document. This consultation ensured direct involvement of the final beneficiaries of the policy, which will be useful at the stage of identifying policy options. An institutional needs assessment was held in March 2015. This Action is currently under revision. European and South non-governmental experts have been deployed for this Action.
Duration: June 2014–present
Kenya: Document Security and Irregular Migration
Objective: The aim of this action was to provide technical assistance to the Kenyan Immigration Department (ID) on document security and irregular migration.
Summary: An assessment mission in May 2012 took the form of bilateral meetings and consultations with the Kenyan Department of Immigration Services, and other relevant agencies and institutions dealing with migration aspects, to assess the gaps and needs of the ID. This was followed by training on border management and document security also in May 2012, which was used as a basis for MIEUX experts to design and deliver a training programme for border guards and immigration officers in document security. The last activity took place in Nairobi in September 2012 with a Training of Trainers (ToT) in document security, which complemented the government's ongoing efforts to improve their border management systems at all border control points in order to hasten data collection and transmission, and facilitate better border management. Experts from the Austrian and Dutch administrations were deployed for this action.
Duration: January 2012–September 2012
Malawi I: Border Management
Objective: MIEUX supported capacity building in Malawi in the field of border management.
Summary: Three MIEUX experts from the Slovenian Border Police participated in this activity. The activity has proven highly successful and contributed to improving border management procedures and capacities through the delivery of quick and concrete results. Along with the delivery of a ‘Practical Handbook for Immigration Officials on Border Procedures in Malawi’, training was provided to a group of trainers to enable them to disseminate information to immigration, border police and customs officers in Malawi and to both land and air border crossing point personnel.
Duration: September 2009–November 2009
Malawi II: Migration and Citizenship Policy
Objective: The aim of the action is to support the Malawian authorities in developing a comprehensive migration and citizenship policy.
Summary: A fact-finding mission, aimed at identifying the key needs of the national authorities dealing with migration, took place in October 2013. A thematic knowledge exchange session was held in January 2014 to develop a comprehensive approach to labour migration, and migration and development. It was then followed by a session on irregular migration in March 2014. A final practical session on return and reintegration was held in May 2014, following which the drafting phase of the activity began with a joint drafting session in September 2014. The experts additionally provided remote support in the development of the Migration and Citizenship Policy, which will be presented at a national conference for the launch of the action plan drafting process. An expert from the Dutch national administration and a Nigerian expert were deployed for this action.
Duration: April 2013–present
Malawi III: Migration and Development
Objective: The overall objective of the action is to facilitate the government of Malawi's dialogue with its diaspora, through the drafting of a Diaspora Engagement Policy, in order to further the government's broader development objectives.
Summary: The action launched with an extensive fact-finding mission in the beginning of October 2014 to identify key stakeholders, as well as current policies and initiatives on diaspora related-issues in Malawi. It was followed by an information session on mapping the diaspora's geography, size and economic potential in December 2014, and a workshop on fostering sustainable links between the diaspora and the Malawi government in April 2015. To ensure the direct involvement of the final beneficiaries of the policy, a consultative meeting with the diaspora was organised in Ireland in May 2015. At this occasion, the Diaspora Affairs Unit (DAU - requesting authority) was given the opportunity to learn about the Irish experience in building links with the diaspora. Ahead of the final workshop planned for early 2016, the experts provided support to the drafting of the policy in a concerted drafting session in Blantyre which was complemented by remote support. The DAU additionally benefitted from a study visit to Ethiopia in October 2015 to get an African perspective on diaspora engagement strategies and to consult the Malawian diaspora in Ethiopia on the draft policy before finalising it.
Duration: June 2014–present
Mali: Labour Migration
Summary: This action has two main components: drafting of the Operational Guidelines on Labour Migration and delivery of training sessions. It begun with a fact-finding mission to identify priorities, gaps, needs and challenges for labour migration management in Mali in May 2015. The experts will then provide guidance to the Malian authorities in the development of the Guidelines through a series of drafting sessions and remote support. Finally, two training sessions will be organised on labour migration management and on labour migration and migrant workers' rights to reinforce the capacities and knowledge of the Malian authorities, both at central and local levels, with regard to various aspects of the management of labour migration. South experts are deployed for this action.
Duration: September 2014–present
Mauritius: Migration ManagementObjective: The main objective of this action is to support the efforts of Mauritius and other countries of the Accelerated Program for Economic Integration (APEI) to regionally develop and implement necessary frameworks related to the management of circular and labour migration.
Summary: A fact-finding mission took place in June 2012 and will be followed by two other activities. A regional workshop on mobility, labour and circular migration will be held, followed by an information session on the implementation of APEI's Memorandum of Understanding on Mobility. Experts from the French and Italian national administrations have been deployed for the first activities, while other experts are currently being identified for the two upcoming activities.
Duration: April 2012–present
Mozambique: Modern Migration Management
Objective: MIEUX assisted the Department of Immigration of Mozambique through a three-step activity aimed at strengthening the country’s capacities in border management and document security, with the support of three Portuguese experts and a Slovenian expert.
Summary: Following up on the training programme on irregular migration management delivered to Mozambican officials from 23–31 January 2010, the Portuguese SEF hosted a five-day study visit for migration officials from the Department of Immigration of Mozambique from 22–26 March 2010, which aimed to provide first-hand experience of EU and Portuguese good practices. The final step of this MIEUX technical assistance was the provision of an in-depth border management and document security training at provincial border crossing points in Mozambique 31 May–11 June 2010.
Duration: January 2010–June 2010
Nigeria III: Blue Border ManagementObjective: The overall objective of this Action is to support the relevant Nigerian authorities to address the various current and possible future challenges of migration by enhancing their capacities to better manage borders and curb irregular migration, especially at maritime borders and with regards to investigation and prosecution of irregular migration cases.
Summary: The first component of this Action will start in the first quarter of 2016 and will focus on maritime border management. A fact finding mission will be organised followed by an Information Session on Blue Border Management, Security and Human Rights targeting central and field officers. A Study visit to one EU MS will be organised to to share experiences and learn from existing practices in the field of blue border management. This will allow for the development of a Training Curriculum for Blue Border Management which will serve as a basis for a Training of Trainers (ToT) session. The second component of this Action will focus on Investigation techniques and prosecution in the field of irregular migration, including for migrant smuggling and THB and will consist of a Training Session on the topic. Experts from the French and Portuguese national administrations arewill be deployed for this action.
Duration: March 2015- present
Nigeria IV: Labour MigrationObjective: The overall objective of this Action is to enhance the capacities of the relevant Nigerian authorities in the delivery, collection and analysis of reliable data on labour migration in order to assist in the design of appropriate policy responses. The Federal Ministry of Labour and Productivity – in its role as coordinator and implementer of the National Policy on Labour Migration – requested MIEUX assistance.
Summary: This action will begin in April 2016 with stakeholder meetings and an exchange on challenges related to labour migration data collection. This will allow for the access and evaluation of existing data banks that may already contain information about labour migrants and their characteristics. A series of interactive workshops, training of trainers, and remote support are then foreseen to deliver the technical support requested by the Ministry to design, develop, and elaborate the necessary labour market data tools.
Duration: November 2015 - present
Rwanda: Border Management, Migration Data Management and Investigation of Migration-related Offences
Summary: This action began with a fact-finding mission that took place in August 2013. It consisted of a triple set of activities. The first component supported the recently established Statistical Unit of the Rwanda Directorate General of Immigration and Emigration. Two activities focusing on migration data collection, analysis and information sharing were implemented in the first half of 2014. The second component, carried out in February 2014, aimed at improving the technical capacities of immigration officers to investigate migration-related offences. The third component aimed at improving the capacity building system of the Directorate General for Immigration and Emigration, with the objective of developing a comprehensive border management training curriculum and the respective training materials. To this end, two activities were held: a training of trainers workshop in June 2014, and an information exchange on migration data analysis and information sharing in July 2014. Experts from the Italian and Slovenian national administrations and a private consultant were deployed for this action.
Duration: January 2013–July 2014
Senegal: Border Management
Summary: A mapping mission took place on 16-20 May 2011 to assess border management needs regarding the development of a strategy, and to identify the relevant stakeholders to be involved in the development of the national border management strategy. Two workshops on the drafting of the national strategy for border management took place in September and November 2011, respectively. The review of the national strategy for border management took place on 18-20 January 2012. This was followed by an interministerial meeting on 14 December 2012, where the strategy was presented to all relevant ministries, and comments and recommendations were gathered. In May 2013, the final activity, a workshop for the development of an action plan for the implementation of the strategy, was held. Experts from the Dutch and French national administrations were deployed in this action.
Duration: August 2010–May 2013
Sierra Leone I: Combating Irregular Flows: Border Management and Development of Migration Legislation
Objective: MIEUX provided expertise through a series of training sessions on border management/security and migration legislation.
Summary: A fact-finding mission took place in April 2010 in order to assess the migration and border management needs. As a result, an Assessment Report on Border Management and Migration Legislation was elaborated, which included a set of practical recommendations. Two training sessions on border management and security took place in Freetown with the aim of presenting EU and EU Member State models in these target areas. The training session gathered relevant border management authorities at the national and local level. The training session 'Migration Legislation' took place from 4–6 October 2011. The expertise was provided by experts from Lithuania, Romania, the Netherlands, Belgium and Austria.
Duration: April 2010–October 2011
Sierra Leone II: Migration Management
Summary: A first training session on border management and document security for recently recruited border guards took place in May 2013. This was followed by a training session on leadership and human resource management for senior immigration officers in August 2013. MIEUX organised several activities to support the Sierra Leonean Government in the drafting process of the first National Migration Policy of Sierra Leone. The latest one was an information session on building policy coherence in the area of migration in February 2016. The main aim of the 2-day information session was to support the Sierra Leonean Government in its efforts to design, promote, implement and assess coherent and mutually supporting policies in different areas of migration, as well as coherence at institutional level. The concluding activity, a conference to present the final version of the National Migration Policy, will be organised in May 2016. Experts from the Belgian, British, Czech, Dutch, Moldovan and Polish national administrations, as well as a private expert from the UK, have been deployed for this Action.
Duration: March 2012–present
Togo I: Labour Migration
Summary: An initial activity aimed at assessing the needs of the relevant government actors involved in labour migration in Togo took place in March 2013. It was followed by a first ROAME-related technical workshop in September 2013. This activity aimed at raising awareness and training the relevant staff in order to facilitate the inclusion of Togo into the ROAME. Another set of activities aimed at drafting the guidelines developed by a previously designated working group. A workshop on labour migration management was held in December 2013. An ad hoc drafting session was held in September 2014. A labour migration manual has been drafted. Experts from the Belgian, Beninese and French national administrations were deployed for this action.
Duration: January 2013–December 2014
Togo II: Migration and Development
Summary: A fact-finding mission to identify the needs in terms of migration and development and diaspora management in Togo took place in March 2013. Based on the results of the fact-finding report, a seminar on migration and development was held in August 2013. The MIEUX experts have since provided support to the drafting of a national strategy for migration and development, and have facilitated the exchange of knowledge on the productive use of remittances. A migration and development thematic workshop for policy drafting was held in April 2014. Before the final validation of the strategy, a drafting workshop was held in March 2015 and drew on the members of the Inter-Ministerial Committee on Migration and Development. Experts from the French and Ghanaian national administrations are being deployed for this action. ICMPD has also provided expertise for this action.
Duration: January 2013–present
Uganda: Trafficking in Human Beings (THB) and Document Security
Objective: The overall aim of this action was to provide support to the Directorate of Citizenship and Immigration Control (DCIC) by strengthening its capacities to manage THB and document security. MIEUX provided training to both entry level and senior management staff in the targeted areas.
Summary: Following the recommendations of the initial assessment mission, a workshop on THB Awareness took place in June 2012 and provided the basic principles of THB legislation and operations for frontline immigration officers. In addition, an Operational Field Guide, developed by MIEUX experts, was presented at this workshop. In September 2012, the second workshop took place in Kampala for the National Task Force against Trafficking in Human Beings on the topics of how to operate as a task force, how to draft a national plan of action and how to cooperate with stakeholders and partners. This workshop shared best practices and other examples of national action plans and provided the National Task Force with a basic framework for the drafting a national action plan. The culminating activity was a seminar on National Referral Mechanisms delivered by the MIEUX experts, which took place 10–11 December 2012 in Kampala. Experts from the British, Lithuanian and Portuguese national administrations were deployed for this action.
Duration: November 2011–December 2012
Zambia: Trafficking in Human Beings
Objective: MIEUX provided institutional and staff capacity building in the field of anti-trafficking, to the Zambian Anti-Human Trafficking Secretariat under the Home Affairs Research Planning Information Department (HARID) with the support of experts from the Dutch and Portuguese national administrations, as well as EUROPOL expertise.
Summary: Preparatory meetings for this action took place in Lusaka, in June 2010, followed by an assessment mission in the beginning of December 2010. A training session on investigation and prosecution, victim support and assistance, and (transnational) referral mechanisms took place in December, and was followed by a study visit in February 2011 to the Netherlands to meet with various national administrations, as well as EUROPOL and EUROJUST. The study visit allowed the members of the Secretariat to observe and benefit from EU good practices and first-hand experiences in combating trafficking in human beings. The MIEUX action was concluded in March 2011 with training on monitoring and evaluation where links between all relevant national stakeholders, in particular the police, the Ministry of Home Affairs and public prosecutors, were strengthened and where the role of the Secretariat, as the custodian and leading implementing agency of the national anti-human trafficking act, was confirmed. It also involved experts from: Portugal, the Netherlands and a Europol expert.
Duration: June 2010–March 2011
Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) I: Free Movement of Persons
Objective: The overall objective of this action was to support the development of the Free Trade Area within COMESA (Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa).
Summary: In March 2011, MIEUX provided technical assistance to the 7th COMESA Chief Immigration Officers’ Meeting and the 4th Meeting of Ministers responsible for immigration, both held in Lusaka, Zambia. These events aimed to promote the Visa and Free Movement Protocols, as well as the COMESA Model Law on Immigration, through focusing on the topics of protocol implementation, harmonisation of national laws and cooperation on immigration matters between Member States to facilitate trade. This latter meeting resulted in the establishment of two task forces assigned to take the lead in the implementation of the Protocols of Free Movement: the Task Force for the Implementation of the Roadmap and the Task Force on Capacity Building.
A technical workshop on the harmonisation of COMESA Immigration Laws was held in June 2011 in Mbabane, Swaziland, and support was provided to the first meeting of the COMESA Task Force on Capacity Building, and a Roadmap for Protocol Implementation and Legal Harmonisation. The final activity of this action took place from 14–16 March 2012 in the form of a technical workshop in Nairobi on cooperation and immigration for the COMESA Chiefs of Immigration and a one-day meeting of the Task Forces on capacity building on the implementation of the Protocols. This meeting resulted in several recommendations that outline the next steps for the Task Forces to carry on the current momentum for implementation. This action was implemented with expertise from the British national administration.
Duration: July 2010–March 2012
Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) II: Migration Data Information Sharing and Trafficking in Human Beings (THB)
Summary: MIEUX provided technical expertise on THB and migration data harmonisation and information sharing to the 5th and 6th Meetings of COMESA Ministers Responsible for Immigration in October 2012 and June 2015. In April 2013, a workshop was held in Kigali to promote a regional and transnational response to THB among COMESA Member States. A workshop on migration data and information sharing was held in Zimbabwe in July 2014 with the aim of harmonising migration data at regional level. To this end, a questionnaire on national data collection and information sharing systems was developed and disseminated to COMESA Member States.
The final activity, another regional workshop to present and discuss a proposal on how migration data harmonisation and sharing could be implemented in the COMESA region, will be organised in May 2016. Furthermore, the study on the harmonisation of national laws with the COMESA Model Law on Immigration, initiated under the first MIEUX request for technical assistance, has been updated and now includes an analysis of 15 out of 19 COMESA Member State legislations. Experts from the French, Italian, Lithuanian, Maltese and Portuguese national administrations, and an academic, were deployed for this Action. ICMPD has also provided expertise for this Action.
Duration: May 2012–present
ECOWAS: Management (and Security) and Human Rights
Objective: MIEUX provided assistance to the ECOWAS Commission's Department for Free Movement and Tourism through tailored capacity building, primarily on the development of the Regional Training Curriculum for Border Officials from the ECOWAS Member States.
Summary: A fact-finding mission took place in November 2011 with the aim of mapping the gaps, needs and key sectors to be covered by the Regional Training Curriculum. Following this assessment, the second activity took place from 16–20 April 2012 with the development of the first draft of the Regional Training Curriculum for Border Officials, which was validated by ECOWAS Member States in April 2012. The curriculum has since been finalised and a training of trainers took place in February 2013 in order to present it to the ECOWAS Member States. Experts from the Austrian national administration and German academia were deployed for this action.
Duration: April 2011–February 2013
West Africa: Migration and Environment
Summary: In response to three different requests received from Benin, Guinea-Bissau and Togo, this action will be implemented at both the regional and national levels. It began with a desk review and the drafting of a background paper on migration, climate change and environment in West Africa. The paper was subsequently presented during a West African regional policy consultation that took place in Togo (October 2015) to help develop an implementation plan for the Nansen protection agenda and address the needs of people displaced across borders due to natural disasters and climate change. Seven West African countries attended, enhancing their knowledge of the migration and environment nexus.. Finally, capacity building information sessions on migration, climate change and environment will be organised in Benin, Guinea-Bissau and Togo to identify best practices and enhance the abilities of national policymakers and practitioners to embrace environmentally induced migration. European academics are being deployed for this action.
Duration: February 2015–present
West and Central Africa I: Irregular Migration and Document Security
Objective: MIEUX provided technical assistance for the capacity building of relevant staff in Burkina Faso, Gabon, Mali, Mauritania and Senegal in the area of document fraud through a series of training sessions to complement an ongoing regional project implemented in partnership with IOM and the "Direction de la Coopération Internationale" of France.
Summary: In November 2011, a two-week training session on document fraud took place in Dakar, Senegal, with experts from the French national administration and which gathered 20 participants from Burkina Faso, Gabon, Mali, Mauritania and Senegal. The final activity took the form of a study visit for African trainees to document fraud centres in France from 24–27 April 2012 and in Belgium from 7–10 May 2012. Experts from the Belgian and French national administration were deployed for this action.
Duration: May 2010–May 2012
West and Central Africa II: Legal Migration
Objective: MIEUX provided technical assistance to the National Employment Agencies of Benin, Mali, Cameroon and Senegal in their efforts to effectively manage labour migration, and develop and encourage cooperation and dialogue. This was in support of the regional initiative "African Operational Repertoire of Jobs and Professions" (ROAME).
Summary: This action was completed following a regional seminar that took place in July 2012 on the implementation of the ROAME project. The objectives of the seminar were to strengthen the capacities of the national focal points, support local coordination mechanisms and evaluate the methodology problems identified in the implementation of the ROAME. As a result, the MIEUX experts were able to harmonise and elaborate an operational toolbox with clear a methodology for the use of the fiches and develop an action plan for further development of the ROAME. Experts from the French national administration were deployed for this action.
Duration: March 2012–July 2012