Ongoing Research

Design study on a scheme to attract non-EU resident highly skilled entrepreneurial innovators

Objective: The objective of the study is to design an EU-wide scheme to attract high-skilled non-EU resident entrepreneurial innovators, and to facilitate the creation and development of high-potential companies in Europe. The study fits to the EC’s objective to boost innovation, growth and investments by unleashing the EU’s full capacities and competitiveness, while addressing the consequences of demographic ageing and offsetting skills shortages in the continent.
Summary: The study will recommend a scheme to attract 20,000 migrant entrepreneurs per year to the EU through the creation of an electronic platform of services to potential migrant entrepreneurs, possible financial support and a promotion campaign. The direct objectives of the schemes are to facilitate access to the EU for non-EU nationals (visa scheme), create incentives (including linking to financial support), facilitate access to EU ecosystems, incubator schemes and private funding (via the platform) as well as to inform aspiring entrepreneurs.  
The study will include amongst other an assessment of existing (public and semi-public) initiatives in following EU Member States: Austria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, United Kingdom, and Spain. Moreover, it will benchmark these against schemes in a number of non-EU countries with successful entrepreneurial support initiatives.

Partners: ECORYS (lead partner)
Duration: July – December 2016
Donor: European Commission, DG Research and Innovation

Countries: EU-wide, specifically EU12 mentioned above

Integration measures and labour market success of refugees and beneficiaries of subsidiary protection in Austria (FIMAS)

Objective: The project will:
  • Analyse the labour market integration of refugees and beneficiaries of subsidiary protection in selected municipalities, cities and federal states
  • Analyse the influential factors on labour market integration, e.g. education, health, family, language skills, legal status, gender and age
  • Analyse the effects of labour market integration on other socio-economic integration dimensions such as income, housing, health and education
  • Comparatively analyse by municipalities, cities and federal states
Summary: More than 61,000 refugees and beneficiaries of subsidiary protection have been recognised in Austria between 2006 and 2015. Currently, 21,000 of either status are registered as unemployed (as of Feb 2016). Upon their recognition refugees and beneficiaries of subsidiary protection should be enabled to become financially independent quickly and sustainably, without having to rely on state benefits. In this regard labour market integration is vital. Empirical research on the social position of the above groups is scarce in Austria. The FIMAS research project aims at closing these research gaps by particularly focusing on labour market integration of the growing refugee population. Based on a quantitative survey, refugees’ integration trajectories as well as the effects of dedicated measures regarding labour market integration will be analysed.

Co-financed by: The Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs; Federal Austrian States: Tyrol, Salzburg; Cities: Vienna, Graz, Wels, Salzburg; Federal state offices of the Labour Market Service: Vienna, Upper Austria; Austrian Association of Cities and Towns

Project Coordinator: ICMPD

Implementing Project Partners: International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD), Centre for Social Innovation/Zentrum für Soziale Innovation (ZSI), Diakonie Flüchtlingsdienst   

Project Duration: January 2016 - June 201 7

Contact: Veronika Bilger

Project Website:


ITHACA (Integration, Transnational Mobility and Human, Social and Economic Capital Transfers)

Objective: The project will study the links between migrants' integration and their transnational engagement.

Over the past couple of decades, rich empirical research in the field of transnational migration studies has highlighted that migrants engage in transnational mobility for an array of reasons, ranging from economic motives to emotional or political ties with their country of origin. They develop transnational businesses, trade, investments, or social/cultural programmes and circulate between their two countries. ITHACA aims to explore the interconnections between the integration process and transnational mobility of migrants by answering three key questions:

  • To what extent, and in what ways, do integration conditions in the country of destination encourage transnational mobility?
  • What are the conditions in the country of origin that encourage transnational mobility?
  • What type of transfers take place through the transnational mobility of migrants?
To study these questions, ITHACA examines the links between integration and transnational mobility in regard to four countries of destination (Austria, Italy, Spain and the UK) and five countries of origin (Bosnia and Herzegovina, India, Morocco, the Philippines and Ukraine). ICMPD is responsible for conducting the Austrian case study. The groups studied in Austria include Bosnians, Indians, Filipinos and Ukrainians.

Donor: European Union

Project Coordinator: European University Institute (EUI)

Project Partners: Real Instituto Elcano (RIE), London Metropolitan University (LMU), International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD)

Project Duration: 20132015

Contact: Albert Kraler


Research Factsheet en
Research Infosheet en