www.icmpd.org https://www.icmpd.org/ NEWS CENTRE en www.icmpd.org https://www.icmpd.org/typo3conf/ext/tt_news/ext_icon.gif https://www.icmpd.org/ 18 16 NEWS CENTRE TYPO3 - get.content.right http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss Fri, 23 Oct 2020 16:23:16 +0200 Project News: ICMPD Mission to Afghanistan https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-icmpd-mission-to-afghanistan/ On 20 October 2020 ICMPD completed a mission to Afghanistan where fruitful meetings were held with... The mission took place at a crucial time, with the Peace Process negotiations under preparation and the Geneva donor conference on Afghanistan coming up in November. The possible outcome of the Peace Process - and especially its impact on migration - were an important part of the discussion.

ICMPD Director Martijn Pluim highlighted that “ICMPD is one hundred percent committed to Afghanistan and we will work closely with the national authorities to empower them to address migration challenges and create new opportunities.”

Strengthening national institutions lies at the heart of the support that ICMPD will provide to Afghanistan. Our cooperation will include improving the labour migration system and support for sustainable reintegration. ICMPD’s activities will be shaped by two documents that are being prepared with the Afghan government with support from two EU funded projects (Improving Migration Management in the Silk Routes and the Integrated Border Management in the Silk Routes Countries projects). Both the Comprehensive Migration Policy and the Integrated Border Management Strategy are at an advanced stage of development.

Investment in communities across Afghanistan and reaching out to Afghanistan’s vibrant diaspora is vital in order to create the country’s sustainable future, and contributes to addressing some of the causes of irregular migration. Building a better, safer and more prosperous Afghanistan will benefit the country’s neighbours as well as Europe.    

More information on ICMPD’s engagement in Afghanistan can be found here.

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Fri, 23 Oct 2020 16:23:16 +0200
Project News: FReM III Webinar on the Assessment of How the Pool of Forced-Return Monitors Currently Functions https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-frem-iii-webinar-on-the-assessment-of-how-the-pool-of-forced-return-monitors-currently/ On 23 October 2020, the International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD) organised a... The assessment was carried out in order to better understand and describe how the Pool operates and how it is managed. Moreover, it aimed to identify good practices and possible gaps and needs in its operations, in order to suggest possible approaches that could contribute to the Pool’s day-to-day management, sustainability, transparency and independence. The assessment, conducted by the FReM III project team at ICMPD, was based on a multi-method study, which included semi-structured interviews with key staff working at the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex) and an online survey for forced-return monitors that are part of the Pool. Drawing from the findings of the assessment, the webinar focused on the workflow within Frontex for the day-to-day operations and management of the Pool and on the ways forward and recommendations to improve further the way in which the Pool operates. The Pool is managed by Frontex and consists of monitors from the bodies of Member State responsible for carrying out forced-return monitoring activities in accordance with Article 8(6) of Directive 2008/115/EC. Since the Pool was established, the Forced-Return Monitoring projects (FReM II and III) have been supporting Frontex in institutionalising the Pool within the structure of the Agency. 

On 7 January 2017, the Pool was established by Frontex, in line with Article 29 of the European Border and Coast Guard (EBCG) Regulation (EU) 2016/1624 in force at the time, and on the basis of the outcomes of the Forced-Return Monitoring I project (FReM I). The Pool is managed by Frontex and consists of monitors from the bodies of Member State responsible for carrying out forced-return monitoring activities in accordance with Article 8(6) of Directive 2008/115/EC. Since the Pool was established, the Forced-Return Monitoring projects (FReM II and III) have been supporting Frontex in institutionalising the Pool within the structure of the Agency.

For further information on the FReM projects, please visit the FReM webpage.

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Fri, 23 Oct 2020 14:54:13 +0200
Project News: ICMPD Turkey kicks off a new research project looking into child and labour trafficking https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-icmpd-turkey-kicks-off-a-new-research-project-looking-into-child-and-labour-traffickin/ Trafficking in human beings (THB) is a global phenomenon. Turkey has continuously improved its...

After its establishment in 2013, the Directorate General of Migration Management (DGMM) under the Ministry of Interior became the main coordinator institution in Turkey for the identification and protection of trafficked persons, as well as provision of support services to victims.

ICMPD Turkey has been lending support for many years to Turkish institutions for capacity building in the fight against THB. In collaboration with the DGMM, ICMPD Turkey now launches new project to support Turkey’s efforts at fight against child trafficking and labour trafficking. Funded by the United Kingdom through the British Embassy in Ankara, the ‘Research on child trafficking and labour trafficking in Turkey to support evidence-based policy formulation and DGMM decisions on Turkey’s anti-trafficking response (THB ResearchLab-Turkey)’ project will be implemented over the course of 19 months from 1 September 2020 to 31 March 2022.

The THBResearchLab_Turkey project aims to enhance the knowledge base on child trafficking and labour trafficking in Turkey, to inform actions to address THB and vulnerability to trafficking among Syrians under Temporary Protection (SuTPs) and Turkish nationals, and to support evidence-based policy and operational responses. A field research will be conducted to analyse the risk factors for child trafficking and labour trafficking among Syrian and Turkish nationals, the forms of trafficking and profiles of victims as well as profiles of traffickers and their modus operandi in 9 pilot provinces. As concerns labour trafficking, the field research will focus on the agriculture and industry sectors, which more migrants are generally employed. Based on the findings of the field research findings and action-oriented recommendations to be produced, targeted capacity building activities will be conducted to contribute to enhanced knowledge and skills of the key actors in line with the 4P approach (Prevention, Protection, Prosecution, Partnerships) in the fight against THB. 

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Fri, 23 Oct 2020 09:07:06 +0200
Project News:“Youth work in the context of integration” (YRMA) | Validation Workshops organised in cooperation with four Austrian Federal Provinces https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-newsyouth-work-in-the-context-of-integration-yrma-validation-workshops-organised-in-c/ The aim of the project “Youth work in the context of integration” (YRMA) is to bring youth workers...

The validation workshops took place physically in Dornbirn (15 September), Salzburg (16 September) and Linz (5 October) in a Covid-19-compliant manner. The one in Vienna was held digitally on 13 October. In total 80 participants attended all four workshops and provided useful input and first-hand insight into the different needs, challenges and opportunities of each Federal Province and their work in the fields of integration and youth. The ICMPD team presented the main project outputs, namely the draft policy recommendations that have been developed throughout the project period and finally phrased by the project steering Board of Experts early September, followed by vivid discussions.  

The Board of Experts serves as an advisory board and steers the project with its expertise. It supports the project team in developing and implementing the project activities and consists of officials from the four participating Federal Provinces as well as stakeholders from different Austrian Ministries and youth/integration organisations on the federal level. 

Despite having various regional and professional backgrounds, the participants of the validation workshops underlined the need for an institutionalised platform acting as a facilitator between the sectors of youth work and integration, the room for improvement regarding communication with children, teenagers and their parents, and a better cooperation between school and youth/integration stakeholders. These main findings and other inputs gathered during the discussions will be integrated into the final policy recommendations, which will then be presented on 13 November 2020 at the final project event that will be organised in a digital format.  

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Wed, 21 Oct 2020 09:04:13 +0200
Expert Voice: The Fight against Trafficking in Human Beings – The First Twenty Years https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/expert-voice-the-fight-against-trafficking-in-human-beings-the-first-twenty-years/ 2020 is a year of reflection, marked by the 20th anniversary of the United Nations Convention...

This expert voice was written by the ICMPD Anti-Trafficking Team.

ICMPD relied on the political will and readiness of the governments of its Member States to add the transnational organised crime and particularly trafficking in human beings (THB) to their migration agendas. We gathered a team of experts on countering THB to develop ICMPD’s expertise. In the years that followed, this initiative advanced into a full-fledged Anti-Trafficking Programme with a global reach.The past 20 years have seen major developments in the anti-trafficking response around the world. The understanding of THB grew along with the number of signatories to UNTOC and its TIP Protocol (today counting 147 and 117 countries, respectively) bringing the concept of consistent and coordinated national anti-trafficking policy into fruition. This process received an important boost in 2005 with the adoption of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings. This Convention balanced out UNTOC’s focus on the criminal investigation process and the punishment of the traffickers with that of the protection of victims and safeguarding their rights. It marked a crucial change anchoring an approach that requires placing the trafficked persons’ rights and needs at the core of every national or regional anti-traf¬ficking policy and intervention. The European Union used the same approach to adopt the Directive 2011/36/EU on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Human Beings and Protecting its Victims, paving the road towards more comprehensive EU anti-trafficking policy.

Sailing in Southeast Europe’s tailwind, countries across the globe gradually established their national anti-trafficking coordination mechanisms, elaborated their anti-trafficking strategies and action plans. ICMPD fostered this process of shared understanding and coordinated action of THB stakeholders, protection of victims, political and financial support and accountability by elaborating Regional standards and guidelines for development and implementation of comprehensive national anti-trafficking responses. Until today, governments bank on ICMPD’s expertise in improving their strategic frameworks. 

In the meanwhile and in order to ensure effective identification, referral and support for trafficked persons and to safeguard their human rights within this process, the countries embarked on developing national referral mechanisms and related standard operating procedures. These mechanisms and procedures serve to improve the identification of trafficked persons and the coordination among the national anti-trafficking actors to address effectively every THB case. The need for cooperation and investigation of international THB cases sparked the development of regional and transnational referral mechanisms (TRM). In 2006-2010, ICMPD developed, piloted and successfully implemented a model for transnational referral of victims of THB in Southeast Europe. This was the first ever initiative to establish a unified regional approach in the referral of victims of cross-border THB cases. 

The narrative of early 2000s approached the THB mainly from the angle of international organised crime, irregular migration and prostitution. The need to respond to increasing number of labour exploitation cases ignited the debate on the issues of demand and supply chains – inhuman working conditions, worst forms of child labour, debt bondage, and slavery-like practices. In 2012, the International Labour Organisation (ILO) published Indicators for Forced Labour, in support to the front-line criminal law enforcement officials, labour inspectors, trade union officers, NGO workers and others to identify persons who might be in a forced labour situation, and who may require urgent assistance. This has become the leading tool for development of indicators to recognise cases of THB for forced labour. 

In recent years, the war in Syria and the resulting migration flows have turned the spotlight on the issues of vulnerability and resilience to THB in the context of humanitarian crises and mixed migration flows. ICMPD has contributed to the discourse by providing in 2015 the first empirical, multi-country research assessing the links between conflict, displacement and THB. We followed this with another assessment of the gaps, needs and challenges in the identification, referral, protection and rehabilitation of trafficked people who used migration routes to Europe (2018). Most recently, we closely examined and analysed the factors contributing to the resilience and the vulnerability to THB and other abuses among people travelling along the migration routes to Europe (2019). 

Where to go from here? 

The improvements in the field of cooperation on handling THB cases, prosecution of traffickers and protection of victims in the past 20 years are numerous and undeniable. Still, many challenges remain. Based on our experience and expertise, we highlight hereunder some of the most urgent issues requiring solutions:

  • Need for early identification of victims and easy and unconditional access to assistance and protection. THB is a crime against the individual and a serious human rights violation. However, twenty years after the adoption of UNTOC, the most urgent challenge is the low number of identified and assisted victims. Often victims failed to be identified due to the highly formalised procedure or lack of capacity among first-level responders. Identifying victims efficiently and at an early stage is the first step to making sure they are treated as rights holders, have access to their rights and can exercise them effectively
  • Need for a paradigm shift in how THB, refugee, migration and child protection policies are viewed in terms of access to protection. People on the move are vulnerable because of their need to move, and because this means they often simultaneously hold multiple legal statuses (refugees, internally displaced persons, irregular migrants or trafficked people). In order to avoid a situation where such girls and boys, women and men, fall through the cracks of state policy and legislative frameworks just because they do not fit into one specific category, the anti-trafficking stakeholders must collaborate closely with the stakeholders working on internal displacement, international protection, child protection, irregular migration and migrant smuggling. In addition, new forms of THB related to the migration flows, such as deprivation of liberty for extortion and forced migrant smuggling need to be acknowledged, and capacities of anti-trafficking stakeholders to identify trafficked people among those using migration routes must be developed.
  • The states’ responses to COVID-19 clearly underline the need for contingency planning to ensure minimum functionality of anti-trafficking systems in emergency conditions. The contingency plan must ensure a minimum package of services available to the victims to meet their immediate needs during the period of reduced possibilities for referral, protection, investigation of the case and court proceedings. The pandemic clearly demands rethinking and adapting the standard responses to THB. Safeguarding public health cannot disregard those in a vulnerable situation or those who have already been trafficked. More specifically, now is also the time to plan for countermeasures to the consequences of the economic crisis due to COVID-19 pandemic. The trends observed during the 2008-2010 Global Financial Crisis suggest that increased unemployment rates resulted likely in increased cross-border trafficking in persons from countries experiencing the fastest and longest-lasting drops in employment. As the World Bank described the current economic downturn as the deepest recession since the World War II, it is likely that such trends of increased cross-border THB will manifest again. This calls for countermeasures to an expected lack of resources for supporting the implementation of anti-trafficking policies, decrease of reintegration opportunities for victims due to the challenges the national economies are already facing, decrease of employment opportunities, increased vulnerability to irregular labour migration, etc.
  • Need for harmonised actions in transnational coordination and cooperation on THB between countries of origin, transit and destination. These actions should be embedded in the relevant regional policy dialogues and in the existing and future cooperation frameworks (for instance Mobility Partnerships and Common Agendas for Migration and Mobility in case of the EU and third countries. The countries of exploitation should make efforts to better coordinate the actions on victims’ return with the source countries. The process of return is a constant challenge in the bilateral cooperation on THB cases. As a result of the lack of coordination, it is often impossible for the receiving organisation to prepare properly. Such actions could jeopardise the safety of the victim, and reflect negatively in the increased risk of re-trafficking. Therefore, we stress upon the need of coordinated approach for transnational referral of cases, based on the principles for safe return of trafficked persons and built upon the existing national response mechanisms in the countries of exploitation and origin.

More information on ICMPD’s Anti-Trafficking Programme can be found here

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Fri, 16 Oct 2020 12:47:32 +0200
Project News: Alternatives to learn from each other: the TALENTAS project organised a digital study tour to Denmark https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-alternatives-to-learn-from-each-other-the-talentas-project-organised-a-digital-study/ Within the EU-funded “TALENTAS” project, ICMPD organised a virtual study tour for Lithuanian...

The aim was to provide Lithuanian stakeholders with an impression of the unique way Danish private and public sector organisations cooperate to attract and retain specialised foreign talents and how Denmark has become known for its effective practices by employing strong digital marketing campaigns as well as personalised integration assistance.

The focus has been then dedicated on exploring how Denmark – and the city of Copenhagen especially – has extensively worked over the years on both employers and place branding, creating an ecosystem that is easily manageable, profitable for everyone and well balanced between regions and entities.

Context and Background

With ageing demographics, ongoing human capital flight and a pandemic curbing the relocation of talent in many places it has become increasingly important for countries to effectively market themselves as locations experts and skilled labour want to move to. This is necessary to keep developing high tech sectors and attract more foreign investment. To do so, Lithuania, like many countries, set out to learn from the best practices in the region and construct an effective infrastructure able to lure skilled workers and knowledge-based investments as a consequence. To keep up with the rising standards of living in the country, Lithuania now wants to also boost its attractiveness to foreign talents.

About the project

The study tour was organised as part of the “Developing a strategy for the implementation of a talent policy in Lithuania (TALENTAS)” project, implemented by ICMPD. The project is funded by the European Commission (DG Reform) Structural Reform Support Program (SRSP) and aims to contribute to institutional, administrative and growth-sustaining structure reforms in Lithuania helping the country to become more attractive country for talents and to retain the talents already residing in Lithuania. 

More information on the TALENTAS project can be found here.

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Tue, 13 Oct 2020 08:54:35 +0200
Expert Voice: Lessons learnt from the ICMPD Global Initiatives for the EU Migration and Asylum Pact https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/expert-voice-lessons-learnt-from-the-icmpd-global-initiatives-for-the-eu-migration-and-asylum-pact/ The intention of the EU’s New Pact on Migration and Asylum is to offer a “fresh start” for a system...

By Oleg Chirita

The Pact was introduced as a “house with three floors”, with one entirely devoted to the external dimension: partnerships and migration diplomacy. This ‘floor’ includes tested tools as well as new instruments to be materialised in the months ahead. In order to make the most of this new impetus and enthusiasm to translate the Pact into action, we must learn from previous experiences, both successes and shortcomings.

I take this opportunity to share some good practices and success stories from the last 10 years of projects on migration run under the Global Initiatives Programme of ICMPD. They could inform the new generation of tools that will be essential for effective operationalisation of the Pact.

Partnerships: a more ambitious ‘tried and true’ approach

The leitmotif of ‘partnership’ was put at the heart of the external dimension in 2005. It has evolved over the years and under the ‘fresh start’ of this Pact, the intention is to forge and pursue “comprehensive, balanced and tailor-made partnerships.”

The 2018 independent evaluation of several EU Mobility Partnerships carried out by the Maastricht University and commissioned by the DG HOME-ICMPD Mobility Partnership Facility (MPF), found that to yield better results, the future migration partnerships should be predicated on a number of ‘success factors’:

  • Sufficient shared interests which all stakeholders can collaboratively pursue
  • Clear and well-defined objectives, including a balanced thematic approach
  • Constant adaptation to the local context, strategic vision and direction
  • Clearly defined roles of all actors involved and a robust governance structure
  • Sufficient resources, monitoring and evaluation tools

As its title entails, the MPF becomes even more relevant in light of the Pact, representing an incubator of ideas that can identify, advance and support partnerships, most notably on the topic of Talent Partnerships.

Legal migration through Talent Partnerships

From a Global Initiatives’ perspective, it is invigorating to see that the EU Migration Pact proposes Talent Partnerships to “boost international mobility”.

Since 2018, MPF has laid the ground and pioneered the implementation of pilot projects on legal migration that have already established partnerships between Belgium, France, Lithuania and Spain with several countries in North Africa, as well as with Nigeria. As a flexible and rapid-reaction mechanism, MPF is well placed to further accompany the EU in designing and implementing the Talent Partnerships, both through knowledge and innovative ideas and its operational ‘powerhouse’ that finances partnerships on legal/labour migration.

Moving ahead, the MPF’s experience suggests that Talent Partnerships would need to consider the following critical aspects:

  • Bridging the gap and building bridges between the public and private sectors by addressing their mandates, needs, motivations, expectations and interests
  • Focusing on skilling, reskilling, upskilling and education
  • Involving a wide range of actors (chambers of commerce, business associations, diaspora, social partners, etc.) from the countries of origin and destination
  • Ensuring flexibility and adaptability to and within partnerships, also based on research, labour market developments, the dynamics of the private sector, monitoring and evaluation
  • Generating institutional and policy coherence and synergies among various sectors and migration policy areas
  • Building governance structures involving all the actors concerned and designed to arbitrate their interests

Capacity building for cooperation with partner countries

It is encouraging to see that in the Pact, capacity building features as an important enabler for migration policies and partnerships for migration governance and management. The vast experience of the ongoing Joint EU - ICMPD MIgration EU eXpertise (MIEUX+) Initiative, created in 2008 to operationalise the Global Approach to Migration (and, later on, Mobility), attests that capacity building is a suitable tool of cooperation and migration diplomacy.  

MIEUX+ has learned that to increase its effectiveness, capacity building should:

  • Be embedded within local governance structures
  • Include as many relevant stakeholders as possible (whole-of-government and whole-of-society approach)
  • Target multiple institutional processes (e.g. policy making, data management)
  • Stimulate the identification of solutions cutting across sectors (policy coherence) through peer-to-peer interactions

MIEUX+ puts these lessons into each of its Actions and is well suited to support the implementation of the EU Pact on Migration and Asylum by mobilising its unique knowledge on how to advance and sustain partnerships, develop policies and enhance migration governance in a balanced way.

Recognition for diaspora potential, yet more decisive actions are needed

As the EU Migration Pact intends to be inclusive in its implementation, it is commendable that the role of diaspora is explicitly acknowledged and that diaspora mobilisation features as a concrete step of cooperation.

The DG DEVCO-ICMPD EU Global Diaspora Facility (EUDiF) consultations with diaspora organisations in different regions of the EU offer policy-makers solid evidence of how to support diaspora to fulfil their full potential, become closer allies and stronger partners to deliver on the Pact. The EU should:

  • Reinforce diaspora organisation capacities (management, financial, institutional)
  • Invest in umbrella organisations, platforms and networks
  • Promote and recognise the important work of diaspora
  • Provide diaspora with tools, including technologies, to optimise their activities
  • Support diaspora efforts to respond to crises, including COVID-19, as part of solutions and recovery

Launched on 7 October 2020, the EUDiF Capacity Development Labs and Diaspora Mobilisation Scheme represent a much-needed starting point in maximising diaspora potential for the Pact. EUDiF works to catalyse and generate networks, partnerships, knowledge and action – all essential ingredients to build bridges between diaspora and governments and to empower and mobilise diasporas, under the Pact.

Migration contributes to development

Well managed migration spearheads growth, human and social development, both within and beyond the EU. Being cognizant of this, the Pact intends to support partner countries in devising migration policies that “work well” and “effective migration governance”. For this to happen, the enabling environment at local, national and regional levels requires further adjustments and improvements based on a ‘3I approach’:

  • INSTITUTIONS - entailing inclusive participation, strong governance, institutional and policy coherence, with clear rules of engagement
  • INTERESTS – addressing the power relations between actors, understanding and management of expectations, priorities and needs within partnerships
  • IDEAS – knowledge, values, evidence, innovation, solutions, that the actors bring to partnerships

Ultimately, achieving the objectives related to the external dimension of migration and asylum in the Pact will be contingent upon meaningful implementation. Partnerships should be practised with ambition, trust-building and discipline.

Furnishing this ‘floor’ of the house has great potential and offers opportunities and I encourage practitioners to consider the tested and innovative experiences of the Global Initiatives Programme when establishing new and renegotiating existing partnerships whilst striving to scale up those well-oiled initiatives that are already offering solutions, flexibility, networks and exchange of knowledge.

Oleg Chirita is Head of Programme of ICMPD Global Initiatives.

More information:

EU Global Diaspora Facility

MIgration EU eXpertise+

Mobility Partnership Facility

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Fri, 09 Oct 2020 13:31:15 +0200
Project News: Six new briefs on EU-India migration management https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-six-new-briefs-on-eu-india-migration-management/ Preventing irregular migration and addressing the smuggling of migrants and trafficking in human...

Against this background, six new briefs on EU-India migration management have been published. These documents cover Preventing and Tackling Irregular Migration; Regular Migration and Well Managed Mobility; Entrepreneurship Sector; IT Sector; Automotive Sector; and Maximising Development Impact of Migration and Mobility

In addition to offering a snapshot of irregular mobility within the EU-India corridor - and highlighting ongoing Indian and EU efforts to prevent it - the briefs look at the positive contribution of migration, since India is a source of low-skilled and high-skilled migrants for destination countries in the EU.

Indian migration plays an important role in facilitating EU developments in the fields of science, technology, research, agriculture, agro-business, services and education to name but a few.

At the Migration Governance Seminar held in New Delhi in 2019, it was decided that six briefs would be produced to highlight the key insights exchanged and recommendations made on different aspects of migration management between the EU and India. This took place within the framework of the EU-India CDMM project, being implemented by ICMPD and ILO in cooperation with its local partner, India Centre for Migration (ICM) since 2017. 

More information on the EU-India project can be found here.

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Fri, 09 Oct 2020 09:34:00 +0200
Project News: COVID-19 and its impact on vulnerable populations in Libya, new briefing note https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-covid-19-and-its-impact-on-vulnerable-populations-in-libya-new-briefing-note/ Within the framework of the EU-funded “Strategic and institutional management of migration in...

The aim of the note is to understand the challenges faced by these vulnerable populations in Libya in the context of COVID-19 and to discuss how the response to the pandemic with regards to migrants, refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) can be improved by the national authorities and the international community in the short term and in the longer term.

The briefing note is a pertinent publication because it explores the direct and indirect impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on migrants, refugees and IDPs in Libya as well as Libyans who live abroad, and provides a set of recommendations necessary to avoid a worsening of the crisis currently faced by these vulnerable populations. The COVID-19 response in Libya is facing severe challenges, which are further exacerbated by the context of the ongoing conflict. Libya’s response to the crisis lacks a specific focus on migration, which impacts crosscutting issues pertaining to migration such as border management, human security, trafficking, smuggling and more, and it hampers the coherence and effectiveness of the overall COVID-19 response.

Other concrete challenges include the lack of significant funding and financial resources, the political and military landscape, as well as the limited capacities of Libya’s healthcare sector. Furthermore, the suspension of certain critical activities by international organizations since the outbreak of the crisis may contribute to a worsening of the already precarious situation of migrants, refugees and IDPs. For instance, it has been increasingly difficult for aid workers to access and offer protection to migrants because of social distancing measures and heightened insecurity.

The briefing note presents several short term and medium term recommendations. Short-term recommendations include promoting the provision of funding by the international community for a holistic and conflict-sensitive response plan, and coordinating with the Libyan authorities to facilitate the inclusion of vulnerable communities in response plans and activities. In the longer term, recommendations include engaging with the Libyan authorities to implement COVID-19 response policies and training packages, as well as engaging with the Libyan municipal authorities to enhance long-term crisis management capacities to be able to improve future responses to crises.  The general recommendation of the briefing note focuses on the need for the support of international stakeholders for the establishment of a national migration strategy that respects the human rights of migrants.

The briefing note was written by Emadeddin Badi, an independent consultant and researcher, who is a non-resident Senior Fellow with the Middle East Program at the Atlantic Council, and previously a non-resident scholar at the Middle East Institute as well as resident Policy Leader Fellow at the European University Institute.

It was developed within the framework of the current “Strategic and institutional management of migration in Libya” project, which is sponsored by the EU and implemented by ICMPD. The overall aim of the project is to support the Libyan administration at central and local level, Libyan civil society and academia, in their efforts to develop the prerequisites for migration governance with the aim to improve the management of migration flows and the living conditions of migrants in Libya.

Download the briefing note here.

Read more about the “Strategic and institutional management of migration in Libya” project here.

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Thu, 08 Oct 2020 14:13:34 +0200
Project News: “Linking human capital, labour markets and international mobility: an assessment of challenges in Egypt, Jordan, Morocco and Tunisia” https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-linking-human-capital-labour-markets-and-international-mobility-an-assessment-of-ch/ This study is issued by the Center for Migration and Refugee Studies at the American University in...

This publication follows and builds on the results of the study ‘Exploring and Proposing Mechanisms for Labour Matching in the Mediterranean Region’, a key programmatic output that identifies structural obstacles to a more optimal allocation of labour in the Euro-Mediterranean region. 

Taking these obstacles as a starting point, the study adopts a predominantly macro-economic perspective in order to pinpoint migration drivers in four southern Mediterranean countries (Egypt, Jordan, Morocco and Tunisia) and to propose suitable policy interventions from a multi-sectoral standpoint. These findings complement EUROMED Migration 4’s body of work on labour migration management and their aim is to enhance institutional responses at national and international level in line with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 10.7 to ‘facilitate orderly, safe, and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies’. In this sense, the publication is addressed to experts and policymakers from the Euro-Mediterranean region responsible for the conception, planning and implementation of labour and migration policies.

DOWNLOAD THE PUBLICATION

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Wed, 07 Oct 2020 09:23:19 +0200