www.icmpd.org https://www.icmpd.org/ NEWS CENTRE en www.icmpd.org https://www.icmpd.org/typo3conf/ext/tt_news/ext_icon.gif https://www.icmpd.org/ 18 16 NEWS CENTRE TYPO3 - get.content.right http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss Tue, 15 Oct 2019 15:36:05 +0200 Project News: MARIP invites journalists from Iraq and Pakistan to apply for migration reporting workshop https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-marip-invites-journalists-from-iraq-and-pakistan-to-apply-for-migration-reporting-work/ From 13 to 16 December, the German-funded project “Migration Awareness Raising in Iraq and...

The media plays an important role not only in informing and sensitizing public opinion and public discourse, but also in shaping policy approaches to migration by reporting on migration issues. By underlining the most pressing migration challenges, informing about numerous benefits of migration, capitalising on certain migration topics and omitting others, the media has a vast influence on the formation of a broad image and perception of migration itself.

The new ICMPD-led project, MARIP, recognises the key role of the media and has developed a workshop to provide migration expertise to journalists from Pakistan and Iraq. It will take place from 13 to 16 December in Istanbul, Turkey. Participants will be exposed to a broad range of migration topics including legal and labour migration, prevention of irregular migration, trafficking & smuggling, and receive training on how to report, and not report, on them.

Eligible candidates have to be citizens from either Pakistan or Iraq and should work as employed or freelance journalists. They should have basic knowledge of or a keen interest in working on migration topics. All travel, accommodation and training expenses will be covered; participants will be selected by mid-November via a detailed call for applications.

Participation should result in the publication of stories on migration topics by the end of January 2020 in Pakistani, respectively Iraqi, media outlets.

About MARIP

The overall objective of the MARIP project is to raise awareness on safe, orderly and legal migration and the dangers and consequences of irregular migration, human trafficking and migrant smuggling. Its key features are migration awareness campaigns in both countries as well as engaging media and journalists from both countries to support better understanding of and reporting on migration topics in mainstream media.

]]>
Tue, 15 Oct 2019 15:36:05 +0200
Expert Voice: Diaspora engagement – an unfinished business https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/expert-voice-diaspora-engagement-an-unfinished-business/ Following the launch of the European Union Global Diaspora Facility, Oleg Chirita, Head of Global... Looking back… to grasp the present

The Ancient Greek word “diaspora” derives from the verb “diaspeirein” which means “to scatter” or “to spread about”. The evolution of this word and its connotation is connected with human history and diverse forms of migrations in general, and Jewish, Armenian and African histories in particular. Since the 1980s, the concept of diaspora and diaspora studies has increasingly gained attention and seen a remarkable upsurge to the point that it now implies, to a large degree, different categories of migrants. Nowadays, the word diaspora is widely applied in journalism, politics and academia as well as in popular usage.

Defining the concept of diaspora is not an easy task. Problems emerge when the definition is either too narrow or too broad. As one scholar put it, “as a concept, diaspora produces powerful insights into the world that migration creates, but it can also produce some powerful distortions, depending on how the term is used and for what purpose” .

Whilst it is a delicate matter to formulate the concept of diaspora, it is a requisite for policy-making purposes, building bridges and establishing collaborative environments, to name but a few. For instance, for the African Union, “the African diaspora consists of peoples of African origin living outside the continent, irrespective of their citizenship and nationality, and who are willing to contribute to the development of the continent and the building of the African Union”. The Moldovan Government considers that its diaspora includes “the citizens of the Republic of Moldova settled temporarily or permanently abroad, the persons originating from the Moldova and their descendants, as well as the communities established by them.” For the Irish Government, “the Irish diaspora comprises emigrants from Ireland and their descendants around the world and those with a tangible connection to Ireland”.

The proliferation of the term ‘diaspora’ since the 1980s can be linked to historical events (e.g. decolonisation, collapse of the Soviet Union), displacement of certain populations on various continents, the increase in numbers of migrants, forced displacement, technologies facilitating communications, etc. The need to codify groups created by these developments explains why the term has become popular despite not being homogenous. These developments also led more and more governments to, for the first time, put in place measures to connect with their citizens or descendants abroad, often in search of economic or political support. Back in the 1980s, there were only a few diaspora-related governmental agencies in the world. Their numbers have rapidly increased since then, with more than half of today’s UN Member States having public authorities dedicated to diaspora engagement.

Why engage with diasporas?

The spike in the number of governmental agencies, but also of diaspora organisations, within a relatively brief period, has triggered policy debates; innovative ways of engagement, communication and connection; establishment of dedicated policy frameworks; involvement of diaspora in development projects; and extension of rights or the participation of diasporas in the political life of their homelands.

A new narrative on the role of diasporas has quickly emerged, with diasporas being labelled variously as “agents or vectors of development”, “key actors for maximising the positive impact of migration for development”, an overseas “region” of the country, a “national asset” or “powerful actors” owing to their influence and financial resources.

The emergence of a new institutional landscape and discourse recognising the added value of diaspora has been accompanied by a new tide of interventions, which have become a prominent trend in recent years, implying the development of diaspora-dedicated policy frameworks (e.g. national plans, strategies, policy documents) or the mainstreaming of diaspora matters in comprehensive migration, or migration and development, policies. The analysis of existing policy documents points to three policy typologies applied by governments: the objective of the first is to build diaspora communities through (dual) citizenship or extended cultural rights for emigrants and their descendants. The second approach aims at connecting diaspora communities with their country of origin by means of socio-economic and political rights, opportunities and obligations (e.g. voting rights, special taxes, exemptions). In addition, a new policy pattern is steadily emerging among countries of origin: support for integration in the countries of destination. However, one of the main policy challenges derives from the unclear definition of diaspora, the debate on which is ongoing.

Diaspora policy-making is driven by a wide range of national, regional and international factors, including the characteristics of those who leave (and why); discourses on emigration and diaspora; political reasons; identity formation; economic, trade and investment interests and patterns; provision of public goods (e.g. healthcare or education); transfer of knowledge and technologies; regional or global cooperation. Irrespective of the drivers, it is obvious that the impact of diasporas on public institutions and policies becomes more salient, complex and comprehensive, as diasporas grow more organised, vocal and visible.

ICMPD supports diasporas – because they matter!

Promoting diaspora engagement is a major part of ICMPD’s work. Since 2007, the organisation has been involved in a wide spectrum of activities ranging from policy advice, research and capacity building, to direct support to diaspora organisations, thus corresponding to the ICMPD three-pronged approach.

ICMPD’s Working Paper “Promoting Diaspora Engagement - What have we learnt?” highlights four areas which are important for diaspora engagement and which the organisation has been pursuing for a number of years. The first and second areas “getting to know the diaspora” and “supporting States in developing tailored diaspora engagement policies and approaches” form the foundation for successful diaspora engagement policies by creating the evidence base, and the political and institutional framework. In the third and fourth areas, “empowering the diaspora” and “creating spaces for government-diaspora interaction”, ICMPD promotes the idea of working directly with the main stakeholder – the diaspora.

Globally, through the MIEUX Initiative, ICMPD has provided expertise to Ghana, Madagascar, Malawi and Mauritius in the process of developing diaspora-related policies. In the same vein, in Georgia, the ENIGMA Project has contributed to the development of the Diaspora Engagement Strategy and the Silk Routes Project has offered similar support to Iraq, as well as to Afghanistan and Pakistan by including diaspora-related matters within broader migration-comprehensive policy frameworks. Our lessons learnt on how to conceive diaspora engagement policies can be found in the Operational Guidelines “Enhancing Diaspora Engagement” produced in 2013, within the framework of the AMEDIP Project.

With a view to ensuring a policy-making process anchored in updated and timely evidence, ICMPD has engaged with various governments in conducting targeted studies feeding into policy development exercises. For instance, the EU-India Cooperation and Dialogue on Migration and Mobility Project carried out mappings on the Indian diaspora in Germany, Ireland and Italy; the first Study on Libyans Abroad was commissioned by the project Strategic and institutional management of migration in Libya; the Profile of Jordanian Expatriates was completed under the JEMPAS Project; while the Link Up! Feasibility Study (funded by the Austrian Development Cooperation) analysed the role of diaspora entrepreneurs.

Delivering capacity building to both governments and diaspora organisations is essential in order to strengthen and empower them, as well as to build trust and identify new forms of engagement between them. In this respect, ICMPD, through the MICIC Project, has built the capacities of public authorities and diaspora groups in relation to protection of migrants in countries in crisis; the ENIGMA II Project offers training to Georgian diaspora organisations on protection aspects; the Support project to the Migration Mobility Dialogue (MMD) works closely with the African Institute of Remittances by providing institutional support; the City-to-City (MC2CM) Project organises peer-to-peer learning events for cities and civil society organisations from North Africa, Sub-Saharan and West Africa, and the Middle East.

Sharing collaborative practices and experiences on engaging with diasporas is achieved by various means, including via established migration dialogues as tools that strengthen migration governance at regional level. The Rabat Process, the Prague Process and EUROMED Migration IV create spaces of learning and exchanges on emerging diaspora matters by embedding the outcomes of capacity building or research activities, as well as country policies or expertise, within their dialogue platforms.

Lastly, providing direct support to diasporas is of paramount importance when it comes to strengthening their capacities to engage with governments and other stakeholders. The ERGEM project, finished in 2014, organised counselling events for Georgian diaspora communities in Athens, Berlin and Istanbul. The MMD Support Project co-funds the Africa-Europe Diaspora Development Platform (ADEPT), an umbrella organisation uniting African diaspora development actors across the European Union (EU).Thanks to the breadth of experience in diaspora engagement, ICMPD’s main lessons learnt on diaspora engagement include, but are not limited to, the following: 

  • A solid policy framework can facilitate a government’s outreach to diaspora and gives it a formal framework within which to operate. It creates the basis for introducing necessary legislative and policy reforms that remove obstacles to diaspora engagement (enabling environment); 
  • For policy frameworks to be sustainable they should be created in an inclusive manner, involving a wide array of governmental actors but also the private sector and civil society; 
  • Diaspora have potential but, when operating in an informal and uncoordinated manner, their initiatives are not as effective as they could be. In this respect, their empowerment (based on their needs), as well as the establishment of enabling environments, should be supported; 
  • Regular communication channels with the country of origin are needed to create or reinforce a relationship of trust;
  • More focus and concerted efforts should be channelled towards creating enabling environments for diaspora investments and participation in development projects, alongside engagement and empowerment actions and measures.

EU recognises diaspora as an important development actor

On 1 January 2018, 22.3 million people with citizenship of a non-EU Member State, and 38.2 million people born outside the EU resided in the EU. The EU represented 24% of official global remittance flows (i.e. US$147 billion) in 2017. The EU has formally acknowledged, the role of diaspora as “agents of development in their home countries” (EC 2005 Communication “Migration and Development: Some concrete orientations”) since 2005. This leitmotif recurs over the years in subsequent European Commission and Council policy documents, including the EU development policy.

To underpin these policy orientations, a variety of projects, at national and regional level, have been funded by the EU through diverse mechanisms. Despite the longstanding acknowledgement of diaspora potential for development, and the range of policies and actions in place, the absence of a consolidated platform for dialogue between the actors has been a limiting factor.

It is against this backdrop that in June 2019 ICMPD started implementing the EU Global Diaspora Facility, a 42-month project – with a total budget of €5 million – funded by the EC/DG DEVCO, and capitalising on ICMPD’s acquired experience and know-how.

The Facility will bring together research, policy-making, dialogue, capacity building and diaspora expert deployment so as to bridge existing gaps, for instance between policy development and research, to test out or consolidate concrete modes of engagement (e.g. diaspora experts’ mobilisation) and create a laboratory of innovative ideas and policies, based on needs, priorities and emerging realities.

The new initiative intends to create a better environment for engagement and collaboration between governments, diaspora organisations and the EU. In doing so, the Facility will conduct extensive research on how governments and diasporas collaborate and share and promote good practices. It will also provide capacity building both to diasporas and governments with a view to enhancing the enabling environments in the countries of origin. It will also offer a platform of dialogue between the EU, diaspora groups residing in Europe and governments of countries of origin through dedicated meetings and an Annual EU Global Diaspora Forum. A diaspora expert roster will also be developed and an expert mobilisation mechanism will be put in place so that interested diaspora specialists can be deployed to their home countries or regions to contribute to development projects and institution-building.

The project takes a globally inclusive approach, involving governments and diaspora organisations alike, but also other relevant actors, such as development agencies, civil society organisations, and the private sector from around the world.

The Facility will capitalise on the existing wealth of knowledge and practices on diaspora engagement, consolidate what exists, create innovation, construct partnerships and networks, and coordinate and collaborate with a large spectrum of relevant actors (the 5C approach).

All projects mentioned in this article are funded by the European Union unless otherwise specified.

]]>
Fri, 11 Oct 2019 09:57:00 +0200
Expert Voice: Attract, Facilitate and Retain - Return Migration Policies in the Context of Intra-EU Mobility https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/expert-voice-attract-facilitate-and-retain-return-migration-policies-in-the-context-of-intra-eu/ Free movement of labour within the EU has led to unprecedented possibilities for EU citizens to... By Justyna Segeš Frelak and Katharina Hahn-Schaur

Free mobility of labour within the EU has led to unique opportunities for the exchange of skilled labour and knowledge transfers. Citizens of (mostly post-enlargement) EU Member States have made use of this opportunity to generate additional or higher income and gain international experience. Nowadays, with a shrinking pool of qualified workers and looming demographic challenges, the consequences of emigration for sending EU Member States have become more evident. Moreover, despite the relatively good economic situation and growing wages, return migration is much smaller in scale than anticipated. Lithuania is a particularly striking example of these dynamics, as it is among the countries with the highest negative net migration in the EU. Both return and immigration are at a very low level with minimal effects on the labour market. Similar to Lithuania, Poland has experienced considerable emigration after accession. There were more than 2.5 million Poles living abroad in 2017, including 7.5% citizens of working age residing abroad within the EU. In the years 2008-2011, between 23% and 32% of Polish emigrants returned to the country, yet many re-emigrated again. Emigration and improved economic development in both countries have resulted in labour market shortages and the necessity to attract skilled workers for a variety of sectors. In Poland, Lithuania and other EU migrant-sending Member States, governments are therefore considering their options to attract back citizens to the country – some more pro-actively than others.

Return in the policy context

Most EU Member States do not have a stand-alone and comprehensive policy to attract their citizens to return; such elements rather form part of other policies, for example diaspora policies. While diaspora policies generally have a wider scope than emigrant return policies, they overlap in the outreach to (potential) returnees and providing services to actual returnees.  The Irish diaspora policy “Global Irish” is a primary example in this regard. Other states have established return policies as part of broader migration strategies, as is the case for Portugal; whereas in Latvia return constitutes an important element of its development policy. Integration policies also play a role; returning emigrants and their families partially have similar needs to immigrants. In other countries, return policies constitute a dimension of talent attraction, migration and diaspora policies, for example, in the case of Lithuania. Spain is among the few countries that have emigrant return policies at both national and regional (local) levels. While a few countries pursue a welfare-oriented approach, i.e. supporting emigrants who are in distress situations abroad, return of emigrants has primarily received attention among policymakers and the private sector in the context of the global competition for talent. 

The return policy toolbox

Return policies can address various stages of the return process. Attraction policies aim to convince citizens living and working abroad to return to their country of origin, thus stimulating return migration. As part of this set of polices, engagement and information strategies play a prominent role. Another instrument is financial incentives, including preferential income tax (e.g. Portugal), flat income tax or a one-time re-entry subsidy for returning experts (e.g. Slovakia).

The perception of emigration and return can influence both the decision to return and the reintegration process itself. Emigrants may feel like they were ‘thrown out of the country’ due to the lack of opportunities. In these cases, return can be associated with failure and negatively influence native employers’ perception of experience and skills gained abroad. Therefore, some countries have initiated activities aimed at promoting success stories among the diaspora and society combined with information and branding activities to change the perception of the country of origin. An example of this is the “Work in Lithuania” project.   

After emigrants have made the decision to return, there is a range of policy instruments that facilitates their return. Information and communication activities (websites, hotlines, etc.) are crucial to increase return preparedness and many EU countries have engaged in these kind of activities. As an example, the “Crosscare Migrant Project” in Ireland provides information for those planning to move abroad and for those planning to return, particularly on how to (re-)access social services. In the case of Lithuania, the IOM Vilnius Office in cooperation with the Lithuanian Ministry of Interior established the Migration Information Center to provide counselling in a one-stop shop. Similar activities are provided by the Polish Return Portal Powroty that was launched by the Ministry of Labour and Social Policy already in 2008. 

Some countries have also created measures aimed at connecting potential returnees with employers, such as jobseeker platforms, job fairs and diaspora skills databases. In Spain, the planned platform “Service Labour Mediation” will facilitate matching jobs with potential returnees. It will also offer the assistance of a so-called mediator for targeted support for the sector of employment and at locations of future employment. In Portugal, the “Global Professional Mobility Platform” is an online tool that fosters the recruitment of highly skilled Portuguese living abroad. In Lithuania, the NGO Global Lithuanian Leaders is implementing the “Talent for Lithuania” project, which aims at attracting Lithuanian graduates of foreign universities.

Reintegration support refers to a broad gamut of support offered to emigrants once they are back in their country of origin. This type of support includes counselling, tailored advice and general assistance related to employment, housing, education, welfare and generally adjusting to return. Returnees may need support not only in finding employment, they are also often interested in self-employment in order to make use of their skills and new knowledge gained abroad, therefore entrepreneurship programmes are an attractive part of reintegration programmes. They can include preferential access to loans, training to create a business plan and on financial management skills, as well as support in the bureaucratic steps necessary to start a business. For example, in Ireland, the “Back for Business” mentoring programme targets returning emigrant entrepreneurs with the aim to address the specific challenges for them, namely networking and re-establishing contacts.

Effectiveness of return policies 

Despite numerous practical and legal measures, effective attraction and retention of returnees remains a challenge in practice. Return measures are usually implemented on a relatively small scale and limited in time and as such tend to have limited effects. In most cases this is because states have limited capabilities to retain returnees in the country: returnees might face “soft barriers” such as limited labour market opportunities (including wage differences), a restricting business climate, or unfavourable educational opportunities – factors that actually led to emigration in the first place. 

Furthermore, return policies lack systematic evaluation, which makes assessments on their effectiveness difficult. And finally, there is a lack of accurate, comparable and up to date information on this type of migration because of varying definitions on the terms return migration and returnees. Nevertheless, the existence of a return policy has a signalling effect to emigrants that they are welcome to return. The experience and practices of EU Member States show that mainstream and return policies should be coherent to form an effective package, since a multitude of policy areas are crucial for both the return decision and retention of returnees and their families, i.e. labour market activation, housing and support at school. At the same time, better linking diaspora and return migration policies will facilitate return and re-integration while strengthening links with the diaspora and using its developmental potential.

*The article describes return migration and return related policies in the context of legal migration with the focus on intra-EU mobility. It does not refer to return of irregular migrants and relevant policies in this field.

Downlaod this article as PDF.

]]>
Fri, 04 Oct 2019 16:24:09 +0200
ICMPD Around the Globe: Michael Spindelegger gives key note speech at the National Assembly in Bulgaria https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/icmpd-around-the-globe-michael-spindelegger-gives-key-note-speech-at-the-national-assembly-in-bulga/ On Wednesday 2nd October, ICMPD Director General, Michael Spindelegger, gave a key note speech at... The conference aimed to explore the advantages and difficulties posed by the need of a more effective and comprehensive approach to migration management, with a focus on both internal and external dimensions of migration.

Mr. Spindelegger addressed the assembly with a speech which highlighted the importance of breaking the political gridlock in the European Migration Debate and stressed the importance of how, in moving forward, Europe much work together effective for comprehensive migration policies:

“The incoming head of the European Commission Ursula van der Leyen has made clear that migration will be one of the absolute priorities of her presidency. For the first time, there is a Vice President overseeing migration affairs for the whole Commission. This is something we as ICMPD have proposed for a long time and we strongly support this development. The proposals on migration are pragmatic but still ambitious.”

The event was co-hosted by Dzhema Grozdanova, Chair Foreign Affairs Committee 44th National Assembly,Plamen Nunev, Chair of the Committee on Internal Security and Public Order in the 44th National Assembly, Paivi Blinnikka, Ambassador of Finland to Bulgaria and ICMPD Director General, Michael Spindelegger.

Download the keynote speech delivered by Michael Spindelegger here.

]]>
Thu, 03 Oct 2019 15:15:21 +0200
Project News: Improving Migration Data: International Experiences. Workshop in Warsaw, Poland. https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-improving-migration-data-international-experiences-workshop-in-warsaw-poland/ On 30 September, ICMPD and the Statistics Poland organised a workshop titled: “Improving Migration... During the first panel Ms Jay Lindop of the UK Office for National Statistics and Sandra Martin of the Spanish National Statistics Institute presented the migration Statistics in two countries, recent transformation and latest research on population stocks. In the afternoon, Mr Maciej Beręsewicz, of the Statistics Poland, Ms Magdalena Kozłowska of the Office for Foreigners and Mr Marcin Wiatrów, of Ministry of Family, Labour and Social Policy focused on the Polish system and challenges related to migration monitoring. The final discussion was concentrated on the knowledge gaps and innovative approaches that can be used to address this challenge.

The event was organised within the project “Labour Migration Strategy in Poland” that is currently implemented by ICMPD in cooperation with the Polish Ministry of Investment and Economic Development, the Polish Ministry of Family, Labour and Social Policy and Statistics Poland and funded by the European Commission Structural Reform Support Service (SRSS).

Context & Background

Efforts to enhance the quality of migration data in Poland have been intensified in the past years due to the several factors related to among others EU membership, changes in the legislation and growing demand for comprehensive analysis of migratory processes. Nevertheless, certain challenges related to data gathering, processing and sharing have been influencing the possibilities of creating evidence-based migration policy.

About the project

The project aims to support the Polish government in developing a comprehensive and sustainable policy framework for labour migration. It targets relevant Polish government ministries and public administrations in order to increase their institutional capacity to design and implement labour migration policies in line with Poland’s needs and strategic priorities. The results will be a number of concrete deliverables including reports and working papers on best practices.

More information on “Labour Migration Strategy in Poland” can be found here.

]]>
Mon, 30 Sep 2019 12:15:13 +0200
Project News: FReM III organises two events in Berlin https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-frem-iii-organises-two-events-in-berlin/ On 17-19 September 2019 and 20 September 2019, ICMPD organised two events in Berlin, Germany in... Together with ICMPD, the Training Unit of the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex) organised a three day training of trainers (ToT). The objective was to train active and experienced forced-return monitors as facilitators and trainers for Frontex training activities that require expertise in fundamental rights and forced-return monitoring. The training mainly focused on teaching methods and tools. Eight participants from Austria, Belgium, The Czech Republic, Germany, Greece and Sweden trained the implementation of various sessions by applying different methodologies. In addition, two colleagues from the European Centre for Returns (ECRet) of Frontex participated in the ToT.

On 20 September 2019, the second FReM III project steering group (PSG) took place. During this meeting, the focal points from the project partner countries and organisations took stock of activities implemented since the launch of the FReM III project and coordinated upcoming events. The meeting also facilitated the exchange of information on other relevant projects and activities among partner countries and organisations. The meeting gathered thirty representatives from Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, The Czech Republic, Finland, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Luxembourg, Malta, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Sweden and Switzerland as well as representatives from the Fundamental Rights Office (FRO) and the Training Unit of Frontex, the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) and ICMPD.

FReM III contributes to a functioning EU Return System in line with the EU Return Directive (2008/115/EC) with two specific objectives namely, to further establish the pool of forced-return monitors in line with the European Border and Coast Guard Regulation 2016/1624 (EBCG), and to further strengthen national forced-return monitoring systems in Member States. The project runs for 30 months from December 2018 until 31 May 2021 with participation of 22 partner countries. ICMPD manages and implements the FReM III project in close cooperation with Frontex and FRA. The Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF) of the European Union and the partner countries co-fund the project.

For further information, please visit the FReM webpage.

Agenda training of trainers

Agenda PSG meeting

]]>
Wed, 25 Sep 2019 15:36:25 +0200
Press Release: ICMPD encourages leaders to press the reset button on European migration policy https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/press-release-icmpd-encourages-leaders-to-press-the-reset-button-on-european-migration-policy/ The International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD) gears up to publish its... The recommendations come at a particularly opportune moment given the formation of the next European Commission. With migration featuring in several portfolios , ICMPD is pleased to see the coordination of migration elevated to the level of Vice-President-Designate, Margaritis Schinas. This is in line with one of our main recommendations to ensure a more integrated and coherent approach to migration across all its dimensions.

“2019 is the year Europe must overcome its reactive approach to migration and get real on a future-oriented policy,” said Michael Spindelegger, Director General of ICMPD. “A new approach is needed to reverse the current paralysis in Europe and drive forward new policies, building on progress already made.”

The new European Parliament, Commission and Council have challenging times ahead to find agreement on migration. In support of laying the necessary groundwork for future prompt decisions and actions, ICMPD will propose 70 constructive, forward-looking and pragmatic recommendations in November when the mandate for the new Commission starts. Developed in close collaboration with ICMPD's 17 Member States – including Switzerland and Sweden, Poland and Turkey – these recommendations are aimed at helping the new leadership move EU migration policy forward.

The priority issues identified by ICMPD include renewing a common vision for international protection, safeguarding Schengen, improving return partnerships, taking a stronger regional migration system and routes approach, and dealing with the lack of skilled labour.

Other recommendations put forward by ICMPD include:

  • Promote voluntary cooperation between Member States on jointly processing arrivals and asylum claims, with reference to the concept of controlled centres, furthering the return of rejected asylum seekers and ensuring the integration of recognised refugees;
  • Promote the establishment of cooperation centres at the external borders;
  • Embed cooperation on return into a broader set of mutually benefitting relations; Pilot and promote skills partnerships;
  • More actively involve the private sector in determining labour shortages as well as designing and implementing practical measures;
  • Prioritise integration measures that start as early as possible; Integrate the Western Balkan countries into the EU’s regional migration system; and
  • Support regional economic cooperation, free movement and integration in Africa.

Michael Spindelegger concluded: “We know from recent EU surveys that citizens expect us to do more on migration. Governments and the EU should communicate openly about the reasons for the political decisions taken, their complexities and how the decisions taken will, in both the short and the long run, meet the needs of societies.” ICMPD wants its recommendations to stimulate a process at various levels to resolve gridlocks and work together to see a more crisis-resilient and strong Europe emerge five years from now. The recommendations will be presented and discussed at the Vienna Migration Conference in November 2019.

]]>
Mon, 23 Sep 2019 15:05:42 +0200
Project News: Providing regular pathways from crisis to safety: 3rd Regional GFMD workshop in Quito, Ecuador https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-providing-regular-pathways-from-crisis-to-safety-3rd-regional-gfmd-workshop-in-quito/ The European Union is supporting the Ecuadorian Chairmanship of the 2019 Global Forum on Migration... Providing safe and regular pathways for migrants in Latin America and the Caribbean

Multiple factors, ranging from climate change to individual aspirations, are prompting large-scale mixed movements of individuals around the world. In recent years, intra-regional migrant flows have increased across Latin America and the Caribbean, with a surge of vulnerable individuals and groups experiencing displacement, transiting through various countries, or settling into new locations. At this pivotal time, it is imperative to take stock of the range of policy options and concrete measures that governments in Latin America and the Caribbean have taken to respond to these situations and to provide access to international protection or alternative legal status. As Ambassador Santiago Chávez Pareja, current Chair of the GFMD process for 2019, stated, “Coordination among governments and cooperation with other stakeholders is key to bolster States´ agency and capacity to manage movements and meet acute needs based on upholding international protection obligations.“

Inter-regional cooperation for improved international migration governance

The workshop responds to the first thematic priority of the Ecuadorian GFMD Chairmanship to engage regional stakeholders in meaningful dialogue ahead of the Quito Summit regarding innovative approaches and lessons learned in dealing with situations of mixed movements while upholding and protecting the safety, dignity and (human) rights of people on the move. A wide array of stakeholders, among which representatives from local and central governments, academia, civil society and international organisations, will gather to contribute through these discussions to the supporting documents for the Summit´s Round-table 1.1 “Providing regular pathways from crisis to safety”, co-chaired by the Governments of Mexico and Nigeria and part of the GFMD 2019 agenda.

Through the exchange of experiences and practices, the workshop will facilitate the sharing of concrete measures created by Governments’ and other stakeholders’ to respond to mixed movement situations, facilitate safe passage for people fleeing crisis situations, provide access to asylum or alternative legal status and analyse the experience made through resettlement and complementary pathways alike. "The fact that Ecuador holds the Presidency of GFMD 2019 is a very important milestone, especially because it is the first time that a South American country has held this position and because it is very significant at this crucial moment. We are facing a regional migration crisis that requires a regional response. On the part of the EU, we have already managed to add an aid package of more than EUR 130 million and a few days ago, our High Representative announced new aid of EUR 30 million. All this is a sign of our commitment to continue supporting the efforts of host countries and their local authorities to provide employment, entrepreneurship and decent housing for refugees, migrants, returnees and host communities. We will also combat xenophobia and all forms of exploitation and trafficking in human beings. We have a global responsibility towards people in human mobility and host countries. Within this framework, this workshop represents the interest that we have in confronting this migratory crisis as a whole in a stronger and more effective way", said Marianne Van Steen, Ambassador of the European Union in Ecuador.

This workshop will provide an opportunity to review good practices addressing the challenges and opportunities related to documentation and identification, reception procedures, including for groups in vulnerable conditions, access to shelter and health services, and family tracing and reunification.

As Mr. Oleg Chirita, Head of Programme, Global Initiatives, ICMPD stated, “Upholding and protecting the safety, dignity and human rights of people on the move requires strong coordination and will from governments and other actors. We are delighted to support the GFMD Chair in convening this event to display the broad range of responses that governments across Latin America and the Caribbean and beyond have created, piloted and adapted.”

The GFMD and the Ecuadorian Chairmanship of 2019

The 12th GFMD Summit will be held in the week of 18-22 November 2019 in Quito, Ecuador under the theme “Sustainable approaches to human mobility: Upholding rights, strengthening state agency, and advancing development through partnerships and collective action.”

Ecuador’s GFMD 2019 Chairmanship comes at a timely moment for global migration governance, given the inclusion of migration-related targets in the 17 Sustainable Development Goals and the adoption of the two Global Compacts on Refugees (GCR) and on Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM) in 2018. Four regional workshops will take place between July and October 2019 involving regional stakeholders, as part of a set of concrete priorities that the 2019 GFMD Chair has put in place to enhance the GFMD process this year and beyond. In line with topics of the 12th GFMD Summit roundtables, the regional workshops will focus on social and economic inclusion of migrants; migration, rural transformation and development; legal pathways; and the role of cities in migration governance.

MIEUX and the 2019 GFMD

In line with one of its main objectives, MIEUX is providing relevant European expertise and content support to the Government of Ecuador in relation to the GFMD 2019 process. Specifically, MIEUX is assisting Ecuador with organising a series of regional workshops that should not only contribute directly to the thematic round-tables of the Quito Summit and to the background papers, but also function as standalone events that advance the global debate on migration and development. Targeting different stakeholders, such as local and central governments, academia, civil society, and regional stakeholders, this series of regional workshops aims at setting up a future-oriented regional model that could be utilised by future GFMD chairs in their respective regions.

]]>
Thu, 19 Sep 2019 15:44:16 +0200
Project News: Attracting, selecting, admitting and integrating migrant workers. Workshop in Warsaw, Poland. https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-attracting-selecting-admitting-and-integrating-migrant-workers-workshop-in-warsaw/ On 19 September, ICMPD and the Ministry of Family, Labour and Social organised a workshop titled:... After an introduction on the “Labour Migration Policy Toolbox” by Prof. Mathias Czaika of Danube University Krems, Ms. Anna Bartosiewicz of the Swedish Migration Agency and Ms. Kirsten Meier of the Danish Agency for International Recruitment and Integration shared the most recent developments around third country immigration from their countries. In the afternoon, Prof. Czaika and Mr. Simon Morris-Lange of the Expert Council of German Foundations on Integration and Migration presented on selected packages of attraction, entry and retention instruments analysed for the project. Both legal and practical instruments were discussed (such as labour market tests, shortage occupation list, retention of students). The workshop gathered representatives of government institutions from Poland and selected EU member states as well as academic experts and practitioners working in this area.

The event was organised within the project “Labour Migration Strategy in Poland” that is currently implemented by ICMPD in cooperation with the Polish Ministry of Investment and Economic Development, the Polish Ministry of Family, Labour and Social Policy and Statistics Poland and funded by the European Commission Structural Reform Support Service (SRSS).

Context & Background

Poland’s aging workforce and high rates of emigration, together with low numbers of unemployment have resulted in growing labour shortages. The Polish labour market is competing with other migrant destination countries to attract both Polish citizens residing abroad as well as potential labour migrants from third countries. The most common form of migration in Poland is temporary (e.g. seasonal) migration. While most of the labour demand is currently concentrated in low-qualified areas of employment, forecasts show that Poland will need to attract skilled workers from a variety of sectors.

About the project

The project aims to support the Polish government in developing a comprehensive and sustainable policy framework for labour migration. It targets relevant Polish government ministries and public administrations in order to increase their institutional capacity to design and implement labour migration policies in line with Poland’s needs and strategic priorities. The results will be a number of concrete deliverables including reports and working papers on best practices.

More information on “Labour Migration Strategy in Poland” can be found here.

]]>
Thu, 19 Sep 2019 11:45:35 +0200
Project News: FReM III Organises a Workshop on Reporting https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-frem-iii-organises-a-workshop-on-reporting/ On 12-13 September 2019 ICMPD organised a Workshop on Reporting to discuss the future reporting... When deployed within the framework of the Pool, monitors report in line with Article 28(6) of the EBCG Regulation. Currently, they use different reporting templates and the reporting process does not yet provide for sufficient efficiency and transparency. Therefore, it was decided to review, streamline and enhance both the reporting process and reporting tools. The main aim is to ensure more efficient and comprehensive reporting and analysis of forced-return operations as well as more efficient and transparent follow-up to monitor recommendations.

The future process should allow for an enhanced quality management and maintenance of standards including regular review and implementation of improvements wherever necessary. It would include reporting standards to be applied by the monitors of the Pool, feedback to the monitors on their reports, follow up to the monitor’s recommendations, overall transparency of monitoring recommendations and sharing/replication of good practices when implementing forced-return operations.

Following the workshop, the FReM III project will support the development of a reporting application and database. Both the application and the database will be developed in close cooperation with the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex). The reporting application will be developed in full compliance with EU’s General Data Protection Regulation 2016/679 and will allow monitors to access it electronically anytime with their respective devices and using various operating systems. To facilitate the analysis of monitors’ observations by the Fundamental Rights Office (FRO), the reporting application will be connected to a database. Subsequently, the monitors of the Pool will receive training on the use of the reporting application.

The workshop gathered nineteen participants including representatives from Austria, Croatia, Cyprus, Finland, Germany, Greece, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, The Netherlands, Sweden and Switzerland as well as representatives from the FRO and the European Centre for Returns (ECRet) of Frontex, the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) and ICMPD.

European Border and Coast Guard Regulation 2016/1624 (ECCG)

Project description

Agenda workshop

]]>
Mon, 16 Sep 2019 14:16:42 +0200