www.icmpd.org https://www.icmpd.org/ NEWS CENTRE en www.icmpd.org https://www.icmpd.org/typo3conf/ext/tt_news/ext_icon.gif https://www.icmpd.org/ 18 16 NEWS CENTRE TYPO3 - get.content.right http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss Tue, 16 Jul 2019 15:32:30 +0200 Project News: MMD Support Project – Rabat Process organised Thematic Meeting on Border Management https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-mmd-support-project-rabat-process-organised-thematic-meeting-on-border-management/ The Rabat Process organised a high level Thematic Meeting on “Cooperation between Countries of...

The meeting, held under the co-chairmanship of the Kingdom of Spain and the Kingdom of Morocco, gathered 80 participants representing 33 partner countries of the Dialogue (of which 13 were European and 20 were African countries), the EU Delegation and ICMPD experts.

For the first time Lebanon – a country that is not partner of the Dialogue – was invited to join the discussions in order to share its knowledge of and experience in border management. The meeting focused on good practices for bilateral and regional cooperation in the fields of combating irregular immigration and, more broadly, border management. Experts with technical knowledge i.e. members of the armed forces, the police, customs or the border guards from African and European countries shared their experience with their counterparts. Several projects and programmes illustrating cooperation practices in this area, and the backgrounds against which these initiatives were developed, were presented by actors involved in their implementation, helping to make partners aware of the challenges and constraints encountered. ICMPD’s expertise in Africa and the Middle East showcasing projects implemented by the organisation in Tunisia, Morocco, and Lebanon brought added value to the discussions.

In recognition of the importance of this topic for the partners, high officials – such as Fernando Grande-Marlaska, Spanish Minister of the Interior; Khalid Zerouali, Director of the Migration and Border Surveillance Directorate of the Moroccan Ministry of the Interior; Paraskevi Michou, Director-General of DG HOME; Jean-Marie Bruno, Head of the International and European Affairs Department of the Directorate General for Foreigners in France and Martijn Pluim, Director of Migration Dialogues and Cooperation at ICMPD – addressed participants during the opening ceremony. They presented good practices jointly implemented by African and European partners in the field of border management and expressed the need to continue working to expand and intensify the cooperation in this field, as a key component of a comprehensive, effective and balanced migration policy.

Cooperation and adaptation as key steps to move forward

During the meeting, all participants underlined that border management challenges cannot be overcome by one single country and that strong regional coordination is needed. Furthermore, the experts emphasised the evolving character of the concept of borders. As within Africa (i.e. Economic Community of West African States free movement zone) and Europe (i.e. Schengen) open borders are promoted, there is a need to be part of a connected framework and information-sharing system. The challenge of balancing the right to free movement and the right of states to manage their borders was also highlighted. 

The participants agreed that, in order to meet the challenges of border management coordination, adaptation to the environment and resources available, and mutual learning are needed. In that regard, the practical focus of the Rabat Process and the platform which it offers for informal exchanges between peers, has been, and will continue to be particularly relevant.

Context of the Thematic Meeting

In recent years, the fight against irregular immigration, migrant smuggling and – more broadly, border management – are themes on which States in the Rabat Process region have increasingly focused their attention. This has revealed a common interest in identifying possible solutions between countries of origin, transit and destination along the migration routes linking Western, Central and North Africa and Europe. Since its inception, the Rabat Process has paid particular attention to the objective of strengthening national border management capacity. For example, the subject was included in the first Political Declaration signed in Rabat in 2006, and in subsequent Ministerial Declarations. Furthermore, it is a priority for the Dialogue under the current strategic framework (the Marrakesh Political Declaration and Action Plan 2018-2020).

For more information, please visit the Rabat Process website in EN and FR.

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Tue, 16 Jul 2019 15:32:30 +0200
Project News: ICMPD supports Turkey with a new voluntary return and reintegration programme https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-icmpd-supports-turkey-with-a-new-voluntary-return-and-reintegration-programme/ ICMPD organised a roundtable discussion among Turkish institutions and European Return and... During the roundtable, participants from the Directorate General of Migration Management (DGMM), the Turkish Red Crescent (Kızılay), the Turkish Cooperation and Coordination Agency (TIKA) and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs were presented a number of best practice examples in the sphere of national assisted voluntary return and reintegration. 

The shared examples concerned the National Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration Programme of France, the EU’s policy trends in the field of AVR and Reintegration. Further, ERRIN was broadly introduced, including its functioning and the scope of activities, institutional set-up, management structure, membership and observatory status, funding mechanism it’s cooperation with partner organisations and with countries of origin. 

The roundtable also included discussions on possible cooperation of DGMM with ERRIN as well as explored the possible role of the Turkish partner organisations in the reintegration programme. 

The participants discussed on a roadmap for the future and next steps to be taken in view of the establishment of Turkey’s National AVR and the development of a Reintegration Mechanism, where ICMPD and ERRIN assured their support and further cooperation for establishment of the latter mechanism.

The roundtable  was organised under ICMPD’s SUPREME - TR project “Strengthening Utilization of Additional Policies and Measures for Reinforcing Migration Management in Turkey”, which is funded by the United Kingdom and aims at further strengthening migration management in Turkey in a complementary manner in order to cover all indispensable elements of the fully-fledged work in this area. The project is focusing on strengthening the development of policies and operational strategies, enhancing cooperation with countries of origin, supporting the well-functioning of the national assisted voluntary return operations and exploring possibilities for introducing reintegration policies and programmes.

More information on the SUPREME - TR project can be found here

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Fri, 12 Jul 2019 13:39:32 +0200
Project News: ICMPD Summer School 2019 took place in Kachreti, Georgia https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-icmpd-summer-school-2019-took-place-in-kachreti-georgia/ From 30 June to 6 July 2019, ICMPD organised one of the biggest international training programme...

Funded by the European Union, this summer school targeted young professionals, government employees, students and civil society representatives. “This international summer school has profound implications for the future management of migration and integration in the region, as these early career professionals and talented students will one day be shaping these nations’ migration policies”, highlighted Violeta Wagner, ICMPD’s Regional Portfolio Manager for Eastern Europe and Central Asia. 

Participants received training on various migration-related issues ranging from economics, law, human rights, development, media, to statistics and integration. The summer school’s teachers and professors represented some of the world’s leading universities, including the Universities of Oxford and Sussex in the UK, the Universities of Maastricht and Leiden in the Netherlands and the Sorbonne.

While the past summer schools targeted students from Georgia and Azerbaijan only, its sixth edition expanded to the participating states of the Prague Process. As a result, it gathered participants from 16 nations: Georgia, Albania, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Northern Macedonia, Russia, Serbia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan.

More information on ICMPD’s Eastern Europe and Central Asia Region’s projects can be found here

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Wed, 10 Jul 2019 17:04:48 +0200
Project News: Enhancing Integrated Border Management in the Silk Routes Region https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-enhancing-integrated-border-management-in-the-silk-routes-region/ The launch of a new EU-funded Integrated Border Management project seeks to optimise prosperity and...

The success or failure of multiple processes depend on the operation of well governed borders, whether it be the transit of cargo containers of food and agricultural produce; business people flying to meet their associates; refugees fleeing insecurity or natural disasters; or farming communities that must cross a national boundary as part of daily or seasonal work patterns. 

In parallel, optimal prosperity can only be achieved in an environment where the safe and orderly movement of people and goods across borders is guaranteed. Effective border governance plays a key role in national efforts to prevent the smuggling of counterfeit and prohibited goods, combatting organised crime, counter-terrorism, anti-corruption, and guaranteeing the safety of travellers, migrants and refugees. 

As such, the Integrated Border Management (IBM) concept seeks to promote trade, mobility and stability through development of a single, comprehensive border governance framework that ensures coordination between all relevant border agencies and stakeholders across all areas of border management. 

Senior government officials and representatives of border management agencies from Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Iraq and Pakistan gathered in Istanbul, Turkey from 24 – 26 June 2019 for the launch of the Integrated Border Management in the Silk Routes Countries (IBM Silk Routes) project. The new initiative, funded by the European Commission, seeks to support the countries of the Silk Routes region in facilitating the safe and efficient transit of people and goods across borders. The project will support this objective by developing the national capacities and systems in place for border management, such as through the development of National IBM Strategies and Action Plans, supporting training and educational capacity development for border agencies, and facilitating the strengthening of regional and international knowledge exchange and cooperation networks on relevant border management issues. Representatives from the European Commission, European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex), and the UN Office for Drugs and Crime (UNODC) also joined ICMPD and the country delegations during the launch event.

Mr. Martijn Pluim, Director Migration Dialogues and Cooperation for ICMPD, opened the launch event, noting that “well-functioning and efficient borders are the foundation that supports regional mobility and development.” He was accompanied by Mr. Robert Jan-Sieben, International Aid and Cooperation Officer from DG DEVCO, who highlighted the ongoing partnership of the European Union with the participating countries, as well as the potential for “well-managed borders to create the conditions for sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth”. 

Participants from the Silk Routes countries at the event also welcomed the initiative, citing variously the hope that the project shall contribute to reviving and enhancing the economic potential of the historic Silk Road networks that traversed the region; the importance of such regional initiatives to enhance trade facilitation and border security; and appreciation for the flexible nature of the IBM Silk Routes project to adapt to the individual geographic, economic and social contexts in each participating country. 

The IBM Silk Routes project is funded by the European Union and implemented by ICMPD from 1 January 2019 for 48 months. The project seeks to support the authorities of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Iran, Iraq and Pakistan in building more effective and efficient border management systems. 


For more information, please contact: IBM_Silk_Routes@icmpd.org

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Wed, 03 Jul 2019 11:01:12 +0200
Project News: Sfax Municipality hosts MC2CM event in urban migration governance https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-sfax-municipality-hosts-mc2cm-event-in-urban-migration-governance/ On 25-26 June 2019, the Mediterranean City-to-City Migration project (MC2CM) held its second...

Hosted by the Municipality of Sfax, Tunisia, the event convened more than 60 participants representing 17 cities of the Euro-Mediterranean region, 4 networks of cities, 10 civil society organisations, as well as local and international experts. The event tackled the realities, challenges and opportunities brought about by cooperating with civil society organisations in the field of migration in cities. 

The MC2CM Policy Recommendations highlight that “effective integration measures and inclusive policies require multi-stakeholder governance mechanisms. Civil society organisations (CSOs) are necessary to provide or support access to public services. Their role is also crucial in helping local communities to understand diversity without tensions and to explore common values”. 

In this sense, participants recognise the role and added value of the local civil society in supporting rights-based migration governance. However, cooperation with CSOs and NGOs brings about a number of challenges, including the allocation of resources, sharing of competences, training of staff, communication to beneficiaries, and coordination mechanisms. 

The conclusions and recommendations extracted from this event pave the way for MC2CM’s work on multi-level governance in cities. Indeed, in the framework of its first Call for Targeted City Actions, MC2CM awarded grants to a number of cities and their civil society partners to implement local projects seeking to improve access to rights and services, and social cohesion. 

Participants to the event were selected following a competitive application process, and tested innovative learning and exchange methodologies, such as interactive presentations and story-telling. 

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Wed, 03 Jul 2019 09:28:20 +0200
Expert voice: Migration policy-making in times of crisis https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/expert-voice-migration-policy-making-in-times-of-crisis/ In the past years, the terms migration and crisis have been closely linked to one another in...

By Daria Huss

Crisis communication and a constructive ‘framing’ of the crisis 

The framing of a situation as a crisis influences how it is perceived and addressed, and is often contested. In this context, it is important to ask ‘who’ frames a situation as a crisis, what are the intentions behind this framing, and how it is communicated to the wider public.

Some media – especially tabloid newspapers – are likely to take a sensationalist approach to their reporting on controversial issues such as migration. The 2015/16 crisis, for example, was often portrayed as a situation over which the authorities had lost control, creating fears and feelings of uncertainty among the population and leading to or accentuating existing anti-immigration sentiments. Also populist parties tend to use a strong ‘crisis’ framing in their own communication to capitalise on such sentiments ahead of elections. Civil society organisations, in contrast, often play a role in countering such anti-immigrant sentiments and in framing a situation of increased inflows under the perspective of solidarity and in creating a ‘welcome culture’ through active engagement and volunteering.

In migration crisis situations it is important to build trust in the institutional capacities to handle the situation by providing the population with up-to-date information on how the situation is developing and how it is managed. In this context, the relevant authorities have an important role in reaching out to the public and keeping them informed – for example through press releases or dedicated websites. Furthermore, beyond the immediate crisis communication, a balanced narrative on migration and the provision of objective information on migration to a broader public may help to mitigate unfounded fears of the population and anti-immigrant sentiments. Such balanced narrative should involve reporting both on the opportunities and on the challenges of migratory movements, taking into account both the perspectives of the hosting society and the migrants, and at a broader level, those of countries of origin, transit and destination alike.

The impact of migration crises on policymaking 

Besides their impact on the public perception of migration, migration crisis situations also affect policy-making processes in the field of migration. The policy-making process is often described as a ‘policy cycle’ comprised of different stages, including agenda-setting, policy formulation, decision-making, implementation, and evaluation. In an ideal scenario, these stages are guided by an inclusive and evidence-informed approach in which the policy-making process builds upon the consultation of relevant stakeholders and findings from research and policy analysis. 

However, due to the high time pressure under which policies are developed in times of crisis and the polarisation of public and political discourse, it becomes ever more difficult to follow the stages of the policy cycle in an evidence-informed and inclusive manner. There is a higher risk of results of research and analysis being contested and of expert advice being used to legitimise policy choices ex post rather than to build a basis for policy design. At the same time, crises may also trigger an increased academic interest and research on relevant topics. As crises require quick reactions and do not usually leave time for long-term planning, policy-making is often more reactive rather than forward-looking. Also the roles of relevant actors in the policy cycle may be strengthened or weakened in the course of crisis situations. The role of cities and municipalities, for example, turned out to be particularly prominent in managing the reception of new arrivals during the so-called 2015/16 migration and asylum crisis and in providing integration support to refugees. 

Crises can disrupt the policy cycle, and prevent the passing of policy projects that have already been underway and are blocked by the changed situation. However, crises can also have the opposite effect and open policy windows, as specific policy areas become a priority, and policy proposals are passed that would otherwise not have been politically feasible. Yet, even if a crisis situation does not directly lead to the passing of new policies, it may trigger important policy debates. At the EU level for example, increasing numbers of arrivals in the years 2015/16 showed a clear need for a reform of the Common European Asylum System, including a fair responsibility-sharing mechanism. The circumstances triggered intense political debate on these issues, although no political agreement could be found due to the diverging positions among EU Member States.

Learning from the crisis 

The last stage of the policy cycle – evaluation – can be considered specifically important in the context of crisis, as each crisis can be seen as an opportunity for learning and improvement. Migration and asylum systems and their functioning should be thoroughly monitored and evaluated – especially in times of crisis – to identify gaps and compile lessons learnt for the future. The same applies to immediate crisis response measures. 

Lessons learnt from the 2015/16 crisis, for example, have shown that challenges in managing the situation resulted not so much from the sheer numbers but rather from the unpredictability of inflows and the institutional unpreparedness, a lack of coordination among the actors who played a role in addressing the situation, as well as a lack of flexibility in adapting institutional capacities to the needs on the ground. 

This unpredictability of inflows and institutional unpreparedness resulted from a lack of timely and accurate information on the migration routes and expected numbers of arrivals, which could have helped the authorities to prepare for increased numbers of inflows. Ongoing analysis and the production of forecasts on expected migration movements, as well as enhanced information exchange with relevant actors in countries of origin and transit could help providing such information in the future. 

Furthermore, mechanisms such as contingency plans, institutional focal points for crisis situations, as well as dedicated training programmes on crisis management for relevant staff can help to ensure better institutional preparedness in the future. Inter-institutional coordination mechanisms should be made fit for the increased coordination needs in crises. An innovative example is the establishment of ‘arrival centres’ in Germany, where the relevant authorities who play a role in reception and accommodation of the new arrivals – from security services to welfare offices – have been placed under one roof to facilitate cooperation. Furthermore, in countries with a strong ‘welcome culture’, dedicated volunteer coordinators can help to ensure that the contributions of volunteers are used as efficiently as possible.  

Relevant authorities also need to have the possibility to increase staffing if a crisis situation requires enhanced institutional capacities. The streamlining of workflows, for example by introducing fast track procedures for applicants with a high prospect of being granted international protection, or new technologies, such as virtual interpretation services, may render the asylum system more effective. 

Outlook

Migration crises, and especially how they are framed, have a significant impact on migration policy-making and on the public and political discourse on migration. As the migration topic is likely to remain contested and lend itself to short-term political gains, it is ever more important to provide balanced and objective information on migration now and in the future.

In order to mitigate the negative effects a crisis situation may have on the policy cycle and on an inclusive and evidence-informed approach to policy making, it is also critical to ensure that institutional structures are in place that facilitate the coordination and cooperation with relevant stakeholders, as well as the quick access to objective, independent evidence. 

Migration crisis situations, however, also provide opportunities and can serve as a reality check for the migration and asylum systems in place. The 2015/16 European migration and asylum crisis, for example, marked a turning point for European migration and asylum policies as it triggered a political debate on a reform of the Common European Asylum System and a fair responsibility-sharing mechanism. Although politically controversial, such policy changes – along with enhanced crisis preparedness mechanisms – should contribute to avoiding similar crises in the future – or at least to reducing their scale and impact. 

This article is based on the report The Migration Policy Cycle and Migration Crisis Response. A Comparative Report Covering Germany, Italy, Russia, Sweden and the United Kingdom (EN, TR) that has been produced in the context of the ‘Supporting Migration Policy Development in Turkey (MIND)’ project, co-financed by the European Union and the Republic of Turkey.

The views expressed here are those of the author, and not necessarily those of ICMPD.

Download this article as a PDF.

 

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Mon, 01 Jul 2019 13:16:00 +0200
ICMPD Around the Globe: Michael Spindelegger opens the Mobility Partnership Conference while on mission in Baku https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/icmpd-around-the-globe-michael-spindelegger-opens-the-mobility-partnership-conference-while-on-miss/ From 26–27 June, ICMPD Director General Michael Spindelegger was on a mission to Baku. On his...

ICMPD’s Director General met with the Minister of Foreign Affairs, H.E. Elmar Mammadyarov, the Chief of State Migration Service Mr. Vusal Huseynov and took part in a Bilateral Meeting with with the Head of EU Delegation H.E.Ambassador Kestutis Jankauskas. 

The Mobility Partnership Conference has been organised in the framework of the EU-funded project “Support to the Implementation of the Mobility Partnership with Azerbaijan” (MOBILAZE) together with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Azerbaijan and the State Migration Service of the Republic of Azerbaijan. The Conference, which traditionally serves as a regional platform to discuss the Mobility Partnership priorities in different areas of migration and mobility, marks this year the final phase of the MOBILAZE project implementation.

In this regard, Michael Spindelegger thanked the numerous partner institutions in Azerbaijan, that has a cooperation agreement with ICMPD for 13 years: “I would like to mention that Azerbaijan is a long-standing partner and an old friend of my organisation; therefore, when we learned at the end of 2015 about opportunity to develop and implement this multi-disciplinary and all-encompassing project, we could not miss it.” 

ICMPD and the Director General are looking forward to future cooperation with Azerbaijan. 

Download the opening speech delivered by Michael Spindelegger at the Mobility Partnership Conference here

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Thu, 27 Jun 2019 15:52:54 +0200
Project News: FReM III organises First Annual Lessons Learned Meeting https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-frem-iii-organises-first-annual-lessons-learned-meeting/ From 25-26 June, forced-return monitors and stakeholders from return enforcing institutions in...

The aim of the meeting was to exchange experiences and good practices in implementing and monitoring forced-return operations and to increase the knowledge of the participants on specific subject matters. Within various working groups, panels and plenary discussions, participants discussed a wide range of topics including operational issues relevant for the pool of forced-return monitors (Pool). Examples ranged from the monthly Frontex calls for monitors, their selection for and deployment to specific return operations; and the current reporting procedure and tools for monitors of the Pool as well as ideas for their further improvement.

Furthermore, participants were informed about the ongoing assessment on the functioning of the Pool and discussed issues regarding the use of force and application of means of restraint and the related challenges in monitoring. Finally, participants were introduced to the various ongoing and planned FReM III training and capacity building activities; the communication, coordination and information platform for monitors; and the fundamental rights and forced-return monitoring training concept for national escorts that is being developed within FReM III.

60 representatives participated in the annual lessons learned meeting from 27 different countries and organisations including Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the Platform for International Cooperation on Undocumented Migrants (PICUM), the Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR), and the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA).  The meeting was jointly organised by the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex) and the International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD) in cooperation with the Office of the Public Defender of Rights of Slovakia.

The FReM III project contributes to a functioning EU Return System in line with the EU Return Directive (2008/115/EC) with two specific objectives, namely to further establish the pool of forced-return monitors in line with the European Border and Coast Guard (EBCG) Regulation, and to further strengthen the national forced-return monitoring systems in Member States. FReM III is implemented by ICMPD in cooperation with 22 partner countries, Frontex and FRA. The project is co-funded by the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF) of the European Union.

Download the meeting agenda here

More information of FREM can be found here

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Thu, 27 Jun 2019 14:22:12 +0200
Project News: Comprehensive Migration Policy for Afghanistan presented in Kabul, Afghanistan https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-comprehensive-migration-policy-for-afghanistan-presented-in-kabul-afghanistan/ Following a MoU signed between ICMPD and Afghanistan’s Ministry of Refugees and Repatriation...

How can a government address a broad variety of more than sixty challenges identified in the area of migration? Which migration governance and management issues need to be tackled first, and how are they linked to each other? What governance structures and legal frameworks are in place, and how can they be improved? These are the main questions, which the final draft of the Comprehensive Migration Policy (CMP) for Afghanistan addresses. Following a MoU signed between Afghanistan’s Ministry of Refugees and Repatriation (MoRR) and ICMPD in July 2017, the CMP was developed with EU funding and technical assistance of ICMPD and officially presented on 24 June 2019 in Kabul, Afghanistan. 

Dr. Abdullah Abdullah, Chief Executive of Afghanistan congratulates ICMPD 

The presentation took place at Afghanistan’s Displacement and Return Executive Committee (DiREC) and was chaired by the Chief Executive of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, Dr Abdullah Abdullah. The presentation was given by MoRR Minister Sayed Hussain Alemi Balkhi and supported by the EU Delegation in Afghanistan and ICMPD representatives. The DiREC presentation was preceded by meetings and presentations to the national stakeholders facilitated by the Council of Ministers, and international stakeholders, facilitated by the EU Delegation in Kabul. Chief Executive Dr Abdullah Abdullah as well as representatives from the United Nations, including IOM and UNHRC, congratulated the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and ICMPD for the development of a very strong and sound policy document, fully reflecting the realities of Afghanistan.

The CMP development process 

Afghanistan’s Comprehensive Migration Policy was designed to respond to the country’s complex migration situation in four identified policy areas: return and reintegration; regular migration; prevention of irregular migration, and migration and development. It will help Afghanistan move from short-term humanitarian responses to long-term migration and development governance. Based on the existing legal framework, the CMP defines more than ninety policy measures to further enhance its implementation and address pertinent migration related challenges. It introduces new policy dimensions, but also builds on existing policies and processes in country, taking them forward and linking them within a comprehensive migration management framework. 

The two-year policy development process involved a series of stakeholder consultations with all relevant national and international stakeholders, including ministries working in the area of migration or returnees and reintegration, international and UN organisations as well as civil society actors. ICMPD and its team of experts led this process, supporting the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and its Ministry of Refugees and Repatriation by ensuring appropriate methodologies are applied and all relevant stakeholders are involved. ICMPD provided its support in the framework of the project “Improving Migration Management in the Silk Routes Countries”, funded by the European Union. 

 What are the next steps? 

The CMP’s final draft shall be presented to Afghanistan’s Ministers Cabinet in order to be adopted as a national document in the near future. Following the adoption, an Action Plan for its implementation shall be developed; this implementation plan will outline short and long-term actions aligned with the defined policy responses, as well as responsibilities. The Action Plan will also include advocacy and resource mobilisation for fundraising towards implementation.

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Tue, 25 Jun 2019 10:58:41 +0200
Project News :ICMPD expert panel at the 2019 European Development Days https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-icmpd-expert-panel-at-the-2019-european-development-days/ The International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD) organised an expert panel to...

Organised by the European Commission since 2006, the European Development Days (EDD) is an annual forum that brings together the EU development community. For this year’s theme “Addressing Inequalities: building a world which leaves no one behind” ICMPD organised an expert panel to discuss inequalities along the migration journey in their temporal and spatial perspectives.

 Drawing from the experiences of the Support Programme to the Africa-EU Migration and Mobility Dialogue (MMD) and capacity-building programmes MIgration EU eXpertise (MIEUX) and Mediterranean City-to-City Migration Project (MC2CM), the session gathered four speakers representing academia, local and national governments, and international organisations, all of whom collaborate actively with ICMPD. The expert panel focused on the complex and evolving links between migration/mobility and inequalities, delving into to the role of regional frameworks and local government in tackling inequalities with examples from Western Africa, Central America and Europe.

Reflecting on the session, Mr. Ralph Genetzke, Head of Brussels Mission stated: “ICMPD collaborates closely with very different stakeholders through multiple projects in EU partner countries. This is a clear strength when analysing complex topics such as inequalities in the context of migration and mobility, because these networks can provide in-depth knowledge about regional and local strategies, initiatives and institutional responses that address these multifaceted realities.”

Highlights from the panel

The discussion focused on different moments along the  migration journey, starting with root causes of irregular migration in Western Africa, as presented by Ms. Audrey Jolivel, Coordinator of the Rabat Process Secretariat and ICMPD Focal Point for West Africa, who discussed the main findings from the forthcoming study entitled “Social Immobility vs social mobility: the root causes of international emigration”, carried out for the ICMPD by Dr. Nelly Robin of the French Research Institute for Development. One of the study’s conclusions is that inequality of opportunities in the country of origin may explain the decision to migrate: emigration is emerging as an alternative to immobility and social injustice. Linked also to social and cultural norms, the issue of root causes is complex and remains a topic to be further explored by the Rabat Process in order to improve shared understanding of migratory phenomena and to strengthen migration management.

The panel followed with what mechanisms might protect migrant workers in Africa, as described by Mr. Andrew Allieu, Social Protection and Labour Migration expert, International Labour Organization (ILO), Regional Office for Africa, and currently involved in the Joint Labour Migration Programme (JLPM), part of MMD. Migrant workers are affected by discrimination and exclusion, legislative barriers, exploitation and abuse, among others. In the Western Africa context, where an estimated 90% of workers operate in the informal economy, current social protection mechanisms may fail to cover their needs. This is where JLMP is trying to address these imbalances, working on extending social security to migrant workers through access and portability regimes compatible with international standards and good practices. 

The next panellist, Ms. Laura Sánchez Solano, Legal Advisor, from the General-Directorate for Migration and Immigration in Costa Rica, explained to the audience how her small country, where 13% of the population has migrant origins, tackled new dimensions of inequality through a National Integration Plan (NIP), the first of its kind in the region, with specific programmes that are funded by an ad-hoc Social Migration Fund. The NIP seeks the integration and inclusion of migrant and refugee populations in Costa Rica, encouraging equal opportunities, equity and respect for human rights through the joint endeavour of public and private sectors to integrally improve social, economic and cultural spaces. The development of the NIP was supported by MIEUX in a recent Action that concluded in December 2017. 

Having explored the regional and national contexts, the panel turned its attention to the local level of governance. Mr. Lamine Abbad, Project Manager for MC2CM, shared a few challenges affecting migrants upon arrival to a new city. Primarily, the lack of access to information hinders their ability to access basic services such as education, healthcare and housing. However, local governments are not inclined to create migrant-specific programmes in order to avoid further stigmatisation, opting instead for an approach that will ensure migrants are aware of what services are available and that civil society organisations are brought on as partners. Barcelona’s Intercultural Programme was cited as an example of an inclusive practice, which seeks to understand its citizens as belonging to one large umbrella community of residents.

The Africa-Europe Diaspora Development Platform (ADEPT), supported by MMD, was also present at the EDD hosting a stand with its members to promote the role of diaspora in tackling inequality. More than 20 diaspora member organisations joined ADEPT and hosted meet-ups and quizzes at the stand to engage participants in the discussion. 

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Wed, 19 Jun 2019 16:32:19 +0200