www.icmpd.org https://www.icmpd.org/ NEWS CENTRE en www.icmpd.org https://www.icmpd.org/typo3conf/ext/tt_news/ext_icon.gif https://www.icmpd.org/ 18 16 NEWS CENTRE TYPO3 - get.content.right http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss Wed, 04 Jul 2018 10:11:30 +0200 Press Release: First Migrant Resource Centre opened in Afghanistan - Migrant Resource Centre being set up and run in Kabul by ICMPD and the Afghan Ministry of Refugees and Repatriations https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/press-release-first-migrant-resource-centre-opened-in-afghanistan-migrant-resource-centre-being-s/ Afghanistan is second only to Syria in the number of refugees originating from within its borders... Drawing on its extensive experience with setting up and operating such Migrant Resource Centres (MRCs) in Pakistan, the International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD) was able to set up the first such centre in Afghanistan in a joint endeavour with the Afghan Ministry of Refugees and Repatriations (MoRR). Its fundamental goal is to provide clear and understandable information on possibilities for orderly migration, as well as rules and regulations, including relevant pre-departure information, to potential migrants. Raising awareness of the risks and dangers associated with irregular migration is another aim of the MRC. These efforts seek to warn potential emigrants about exploitation by organised groups of people smugglers as well as to protect them from human trafficking. Considering the large number of returnees, the Centre will also provide information on reintegration services in the country and will work closely with the respective ministries, civil society, international organisations and the media.


Overall, the Migrant Resource Centre in Kabul assists people in Afghanistan in realistically assessing the opportunities and conditions in the countries of destination; this approach shall result in better-informed people making better-informed decisions. The MRC staff provides information services in Kabul as well as in communities in various regions of Afghanistan, at schools, universities and other government services, such as the offices of passport-issuing authorities.


“We want to save potential emigrants from opting for irregular approaches and thereby falling into the hands of criminal networks. And we help people to make realistic assessments of the often overrated opportunities and prospects in the countries of destination, particularly in Europe,” Director General ICMPD Michael Spindelegger explained.

 
Afghanistan’s Minister of Refugees and Repatriation, His Excellency Sayed Alem Balkhi underlined that “migration is an undeniable and inseparable need of human societies. However, we all must strive for regularisation of migration so that migrants, country of origin and countries of destination all benefit from regular solutions.”


The Migrant Resource Centre in Kabul is being set up and run with funding from the European Union as part of the project “Improving Migration Management in the Silk Routes Countries” which is implemented by the ICMPD. The centre is operated by the ICMPD and the Afghan Ministry of Refugees and Repatriations where it is located. There are already two Migrant Resource Centres today in the Pakistani cities of Islamabad and Lahore. Plans for the near future call for further such centres in Bangladesh and Iraq.

Download Press Release here.

Download Inauguration Speech by ICMPD Director General Michael Spindelegger. 

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Wed, 04 Jul 2018 10:11:30 +0200
Project News: 9th phase of the BOMCA programme extended for 18 months https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-9th-phase-of-the-bomca-programme-extended-for-18-months/ The 9th phase of the Border Management Programme in Central Asia (BOMCA 9) has been extended and... ICMPD has a long-standing experience of work in Central Asia and has been involved in the BOMCA programme from its early phases. Since its launch in 2003, this EU-funded programme has focused on capacity building and institutional development, developing trade corridors, improving border management systems and eliminating drug trafficking across the Central Asian region. 

 

The 9th phase of BOMCA started on 15 June 2015 with the overall objective to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of border management in Central Asia by introducing advanced elements of Integrated Border Management (IBM), assisting governments in developing and reforming their migration governance, mobility and trade facilitation policies, and strengthening capacities of Border and Migration Agencies, thus contributing to security and economic development at national and regional levels. The current phase of the programme is implemented by a consortium of the following partners:  International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD), Food and Veterinary Service of the Republic of Latvia, State Revenue Service of the Republic of Latvia, Riga Technical University, Customs Department of the Republic of Lithuania) and the associate partners consisting of the Ministry of Interior of the Republic of Hungary and the Immigration and Borders Service of the Portuguese Republic under the lead of the State Border Guards of Latvia.  

 

During the its 36 months the programme implemented over 170 activities in the framework of its three components – institutional development of border management agencies, the institutional framework for the management of mixed migration flows and the adoption of trade facilitation regimes at borders. The non-exhaustive list of results includes:

    • Resumed work of the Regional Platform of CA Border Guards and Customs Training Centres 
    • Launched and operationalised distance learning system for border guards training institutions in Kyrgyzstan (Osh & Bishkek) and for customs higher education institution in Uzbekistan
    • Enhanced administrative management pillar of border management agencies through the trainings, including on-the-job 
    • Assisted the mid-term review and further upgrade of the IBM Strategy and its Action Plan for 2012 - 2022 in Kyrgyzstan 
    • Assisted CA Border Guard Agencies in strengthening identification and profiling mechanisms and developing Methodology for identification of Foreign Terrorist Fighters at BCPs
    • Developed concrete proposals for legal and instrumental procedures governing the inter-agency and intra-service cooperation and information exchange
    • Completed assessment of existing legal acts of the Kyrgyz Republic in the field of migration management and combating irregular migration for further development of legislative framework
    • Provided operational equipment for Border Guard Agencies in CA countries 
    • Assisted CA Customs services in developing their risk management systems and strengthening investigation capacities
    • Provided expert support to CA Phyto-Sanitary-Veterinary services in developing risk analysis of imported animals, food and plants as well as working procedures for risk assessment
    • Provided expert recommendations to  CA Customs services in order to advance electronic E-Customs environment 
    • Supported CA countries - WTO candidates in preparations for the WTO accession by providing legal expertise and trainings  
    • Provided recommendations to the CA Customs agencies  on aligning the national legislation with the provisions of Revised Kyoto Convention
    • Contributed to enhancement of knowledge of the EU Generalised Scheme of Preferences (GSP+) for Kyrgyzstan and strengthening knowledge on specific GSP+ provisions and requirements.

In the next 18 months, until December 2019, the programme will continue to build upon its previous achievements reached in the framework of the three components. It will provide expert technical advisory support during activities in the national-, bi-/multilateral- and regional context. Among other actions, activities on migration, risk management, prevention of corruption, prevention and detection of smuggling, optimising control procedures at border checkpoints and enhancing interagency and regional cooperation will be implemented.  

 

More information on the ICMPD Border Management Programme can be found here.

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Tue, 03 Jul 2018 10:49:00 +0200
ICMPD Around the Globe: ICMPD's Director General receives Award by NIDO EUROPE https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/icmpd-around-the-globe-icmpds-director-general-receives-award-by-nido-europe/ On 28 June, the Nigerians in Diaspora Organisation Europe (NIDO EUROPE)* awarded ICMPD’s Director... The Forum, that takes place on a regular basis, was dedicated to the topic “Dialogue on establishing a Nigerian-Austrian public-private-partnership related to investment and reintegration”. ICMPD presented its pilot project entitled “Supporting Sustainable Return of Migrants through Private-Public Multi-Stakeholder Partnerships” (SUPREM) that was developed as a response to the growing challenges related to the return of irregularly staying third-country nationals. It is associated with the reverse migration initiative and carried out together with the Reverse Migration Association.

ICMPD and Nigeria have carried out numerous projects on various migration-related topics together in the past . During his visit to Abuja last February, ICMPD’s Director General Spindelegger met with Foreign Affairs Geoffrey Onyeama and the Minister of Interior Abdulrahman Bello Dambazau as well as a number of high-level government officials who have granted their support for the project.

More information on SUPREM project can be found here.

 

*Austrian Chapter 

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Fri, 29 Jun 2018 10:20:10 +0200
Project News: Academics and government officials discuss the state of play of research on migration issues in Libya and the Mediterranean region https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-academics-and-government-officials-discuss-the-state-of-play-of-research-on-migration/ The Academia Conference on “Promoting Knowledge for Evidence-based and Sustainable Migration... The event gathered over 90 participants including high level officials from Libya, representatives of embassies, International Organisations and international non-governmental organisations (iNGO) and members of the academic community around the Mediterranean covering a variety of migration issues. The conference was organised in the framework of the ICMPD project “Strategic and institutional management of migration in Libya”, which aims to support – in addition to the Government Institutions, the Libyan academics and researchers in their efforts to contribute to the development of the prerequisites for effective migration governance geared towards improving the management of migration flows and the living conditions of migrants in Libya. The general objective of this conference was to debate the state of play of research on migration issues in Libya and the Mediterranean region. The conference also aims to bring together Libyan researchers and their counterparts in the region to share views, in the presence of policy makers.

There was unanimity in considering this event as a unique opportunity for the Libyan migration policy-makers and experts to exchange views and discuss together good practices of migration governance. The three days of exchange were vivid, highlighting among others, the importance of different ministries to work together in a framework of inter-institutional cooperation and coordination and the need of taking into consideration Libya’s labour market needs, especially in light of its reconstruction, to shape appropriate policies. There was a general awareness that migration should not only be seen as a challenge and that governments should not aim to stop migration, but to well govern it. Moreover, the necessity to address the root causes of irregular migration and to adopt a humanitarian approach towards the phenomenon was stressed. Furthermore, the participants agreed that the narrative of migration would need to be addressed. As one speaker defined it “Migration is not a problem, it is a phenomenon – the perception of migration has become a problem”. Inter-institutional coordination, evidence-based research and accurate data should guide policy makers in understanding challenges, seizing opportunities and developing a guiding framework for comprehensive migration governance in the country.

For more information on this project, please contact: 

LibyaProject@icmpd.org

 

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Thu, 28 Jun 2018 12:03:15 +0200
Project News: Launch of new mobile app – the Tunisian Customs’ innovative approach to public communication https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-launch-of-new-mobile-app-the-tunisian-customs-innovative-approach-to-public-communi/ To celebrate the launch of the "Smart Traveller" mobile customs application developed for... This event was held under the auspices of His Excellency Mr. Ridha Chalghoum, Minister of Finance of the Republic of Tunisia and Ms. Gabriela Abado, Deputy Director General of ICMPD, in the presence of the coordinator of the cabinet of the Secretary of State for Immigration and of Tunisians Abroad, Mr. Fehd Trimech, and the Director General of Customs, Mr. Youssef Zouaghi, as well as His Excellency Mr. Patrice Bergamini, Ambassador of the European Union in Tunisia and SE Ms. Rita Adam, Ambassador of Switzerland to Tunis. A number of Ambassadors as well as key partners of the Integrated Border Management programme attended also the event.

The "Smart Traveller" application, developed under the supervision of a working group of the General Directorate of Customs, in coordination with the ICMPD Bureau in Tunis, contains a large amount of information and practical recommendations involving the procedures and customs regulations that affect travellers or that they must follow, including for Tunisians from abroad, when they enter and stay in Tunisia, and whenever they leave the country.

The development of this mobile application is part of the "Support Programme to the Tunisian Government in the area of Integrated Border Management", funded by the European Union and the Swiss Confederation and implemented by the ICMPD.

For more information on this project, please contact: 

communication@douane.gov.tn / IBM-Tunisia@icmpd.org

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Mon, 25 Jun 2018 14:08:16 +0200
Expert Voice: Capacity building - an enabler of transformations: ten lessons learnt from 10 years of MIEUX https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/expert-voice-capacity-building-an-enabler-of-transformations-ten-lessons-learnt-from-10-years-of/ In 2018, the Joint EU-ICMPD “Migration EU Expertise” (MIEUX) Initiative celebrates its 10th... 10 years ago: the pioneering EU migration capacity building facility is created

Lesson 1: Grasping the context and challenges ahead

The MIEUX Initiative was set up in 2008 and it became operational at the beginning of 2009. Back then, migration governance was confronting a wide range of challenges. Firstly, there was limited knowledge of how migration should form an integral part of development plans or on the inter-play between migration and other public policies. Secondly, multi-stakeholder coordination during policy-making and implementation was rare and only sporadic consultations were taking place between governmental and non-governmental actors. Thirdly, there was great reluctance to commit fully to the principle of international cooperation in the area of migration. Finally, many countries were not in possession of sufficient knowledge, information, understanding, capacities, institutions and resources to deal with the various facets of migration.

 

It was against this backdrop that MIEUX was set up by the EU and ICMPD and aligned with the EU policies as, from the EU’s perspective, capacity building was - and continues to be - an important form of cooperation with partner countries. In particular, the Global Approach to Migration and Mobility identified capacity building and exchanges of experts as ways to open up dialogue and operational cooperation between the EU and partner countries.  

10 years later: an X-ray of migration governance  

 

Lesson 2: Concerted efforts to create common opportunities ahead 

In recent years, migration has become a global complex reality and it has risen to the top of the political agenda at national, regional and international level. Much progress has been achieved in the past few years: the establishment of various regional and international fora prompted and intensified debates, new ways of thinking, increased dialogue, and joint identification of solutions. More governments have started putting in place governance structures, designing comprehensive and sectoral migration policy frameworks, understanding better migration and its impacts; as well as becoming more willing to discuss and cooperate within the framework of various processes. The inclusion of migration under the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the ongoing negotiations of the Global Compacts attest to this fact. Additionally, new forms of partnerships have been forged and multi-stakeholder collaborative approaches taken, including with non-state actors, local authorities, migrants associations and the private sector. The full potential of partnerships is still to be explored. Institutionally, more and more states have set up dedicated migration units or agencies, inter-agency migration coordination structures, migration observatories, and untraditional actors have been attached to the process, such as ministries of planning, departments of statistics.

 

Lesson 3: Migration is development

The majority of governments are keen on finding pragmatic ways and solutions to harness the nexus of migration and development in the most beneficial manner. It is encouraging that more states are in the process of conceiving migration and development policies. Yet more remains to be done, namely through capacity development, mainstreaming of migration into development planning at central and local levels, and understanding the impact of migration on development.

 

Lesson 4: Asking the right questions

Owing to various global and regional processes and initiatives, governments have put migration on their domestic agendas and initiated debates on what migration means to them. As such, the question why migration is important has been largely addressed. However, more determined efforts, creativity, assistance, commitment and boldness are needed to delve into other questions: what more is to be done to make migration better; how could governments transform their actions so as to optimise migration and its outcomes; when shall governments take action; where to take action - in terms of both which sectors (both those impacted and impacting migration), and  which levels of administration and governance; and who shall be involved in diverse processes.

 

A leap forward: why and how to deliver more effective capacity building

 

Lesson 5: Capacity building as a catalyst

MIEUX’s experiences, tested approaches and modalities lead to a clear conclusion: capacity building cannot be static and of a purely technical nature. It must be transformative, spearheading diverse purposes and inter-institutional changes by building trust and mutual support. It should be associated with complex reform processes, consider diverse entry points and multiple tools and toolboxes, benefit from political engagement and bring together various actors in order to foster collective and organisational learning and trigger long-term systemic transformations. 

 

Lesson 6: Capacity building as a multidimensional process

Capacity building, as a process, shall be embedded within existing and would-be governmental structures to ensure sustainability and efficiency and framed as a support mechanism to other important processes led by governments – e..g. policy formulation, analysis, implementation, data collection, coordination, consultations, policy and institutional coherence, etc.

 

Lesson 7: Capacity building as a means to deal with the complexity of migration

More targeted capacity building is yet to be provided given the fact that migration requires complex approaches (local, national, regional, sub-regional and international levels) and policy arenas involving an increasing number of (new) actors. There is therefore a need, in the years to come, to shift capacity building towards implementing the SDGs and other international commitments; defining objectives of national migration policy frameworks; ensuring effective functioning of governance systems; creating coherence among diverse policies and actors with divergent interests and expectations; facilitating migration; better understanding of the determinants, impacts and outcomes of migration; understanding how migration can complement other public policies and vice-versa; data management, monitoring and evaluation; and building trust and mutual understanding, altering the public discourse on migration and migrants.  

 

Lesson 8: Create, relate, and innovate

It is imperative to provide capacity building in various thematic migration fields, but also in relation to good governance, public administration, strategic management, policy cycle management, etc. with a view to boosting and strengthening the quality of the public administration exercise. This can be achieved by using technology and tailored capacity building techniques that fully involve and support existing or emerging public training institutions. The capacity building process needs to be anchored in suitable institutional structures. This approach is expected to yield more sustainable results; cultivate a stronger spirit of exchange among peers; and create and replicate best practices, thus subsequently feeding multiple organisational and policy processes.

 

MIEUX at 10: not only a significant milestone, but also a laboratory of knowledge

 

Lesson 9: From pioneer to major player

MIEUX is more than a technical assistance programme - over the years it has turned into a solid platform spearheading dialogue and cooperation, a catalyser for multi-stakeholder and diversified partnerships, a laboratory of knowledge and practices, a promoter of innovative working methodologies, and a reference when it comes to the collaboration between the EU and partner countries. With its significant portfolio on four continents and more than 100 Actions, the Initiative moved beyond the classical exchanges of know-how by producing innovative practices grounded in national contexts, establishing policy and institutional coherence, creating local ownership, home-grown solutions and promoting the benefits of migration for human and sustainable development.  

 

Lesson 10: 2018 is an opportunity for reflection

Ten years of implementation is undeniably a tremendous opportunity to reflect upon MIEUX’s progress in order to celebrate its achievements and to further consolidate a wide range of good practices established. As such, throughout 2018, MIEUX is analysing the evolution of the Initiative from the perspective of impact and results; extracting and promoting practices on a wide array of topics and constituents of migration governance; reflecting upon the contribution of MIEUX to capacity building, and further exploring the intrinsic link between MIEUX’s results and the development of policy and institutional landscapes.

 

To this avail, MIEUX is organising a series of regional peer-to-peer events in Africa, Asia, the EU Neighbourhood and Latin America and the Caribbean to bring together the partner countries and experts who will discuss what MIEUX means to them and what it has achieved in specific contexts.

 

A dedicated paper on the role of ICMPD in delivering capacity building is in preparation; it will collect good practices at institutional level, including from MIEUX.

 

The 2017 MIEUX Annual Report depicts a set of good practices generated in the previous months and gives a voice to MIEUX’s partners and experts who explain how the capacity building provided via the Initiative brought about changes in their institutions and countries.

 

Links:

·         2017 MIEUX Annual Report

·         Discussing MIEUX good practices in Asia: Regional Round-table in Bangkok

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Thu, 21 Jun 2018 10:00:00 +0200
Project News: FReM II organises a Lessons Learned Meeting for Forced-Return Monitors and Return Enforcing Institutions https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-frem-ii-organises-a-lessons-learned-meeting-for-forced-return-monitors-and-return-enfo/ On 19-20 June 2018 forced-return monitors and stakeholders from return enforcing institutions in... The meeting was co-organised by the International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD) and the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex) and hosted by the office of the Finnish Non-Discrimination Ombudsman in Helsinki, Finland.

Within various working group and plenary discussions, participants shared experiences and good practices related to deployment of monitors; identification and treatment of vulnerable groups; follow-up to and transparency of monitoring recommendations; national and Frontex complaint mechanisms; and cooperation with human rights institutions and organisations in countries of return.  

Over 50 representatives participated in the meeting from 23 different countries and organisations, including Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the Council of Europe (CoE) and representatives of the Frontex Consultative Forum, Frontex and ICMPD. 

FReM II supports Member States to further implement Article 8(6) of the EU Return Directive that requires them to provide for ‘effective forced-return monitoring systems’. It also supports Frontex to implement Article 29 of the European Border and Coast Guard (EBCG) Regulation that requires Frontex to ‘constitute a pool of forced-return monitors’ and MSs to contribute to this Pool. 

More information on FReMII can be found here

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Wed, 20 Jun 2018 14:28:00 +0200
Project News: ICMPD THB briefs UN Member States on outcomes of the first high-level ICAT meeting https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-icmpd-thb-briefs-un-member-states-on-outcomes-of-the-first-high-level-icat-meeting/ On 14 June 2018, the Inter-Agency Coordination Group against Trafficking in Persons (ICAT) hosted a... Held at the United Nations Office in Vienna, the briefing gathered the three-Vienna based ICAT members, namely the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and the International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD). Chaired by the Permanent Representative of the Republic of Belarus in Vienna, H.E. Ambassador Alena Kupchyna, the briefing was the first of a series of events to inform States and other stakeholders of the high-level meeting and future plans of the Group, in line with the mandate given to ICAT by the General Assembly.

Yury Fedotov, Executive Director, UNODC, and ICAT Coordinator, stressed the importance of coordinating, and thereby enhancing, efforts to address trafficking in persons, noting that ICAT members had adopted, with consensus, strategically important decisions at the highest level to bring effect to ICAT’s role as the UN’s main interagency mechanism to address human trafficking. Ambassador Jarbussynova, OSCE Special Representative for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings, recalled the role of international organisations in developing comprehensive and multi-agency partnerships.

ICMPD’s Director Policy, Research and Strategy, Lukas Gehrke, stressed that “The best way we can make a difference with our work (against human trafficking) is by partnering with peers sharing common objectives, and ICAT provides the perfect environment”.

The briefing was well-attended, including by representatives of other ICAT organizations, IOM and UNHCR, and Member States welcomed the opportunity to learn more about ICAT’s work.

The Bolivian Ambassador congratulated ICAT for its work, and expressed its continuous support to its efforts.  The United Kingdom’s Ambassador mentioned that ICAT is the key mechanism to ensure the international community is coordinated to combat human trafficking, while the United States stressed that inter-agency cooperation is key to tackling this global issue and expressed hope that ICAT principals will continue to meet in the future.

 

More information and recent outputs of ICAT can be found here.

First ICAT high-level meeting.

 

 

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Fri, 15 Jun 2018 11:59:57 +0200
Statement on the occasion of World Day Against Child Labour https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/statement-on-the-occasion-of-world-day-against-child-labour/ This year’s World Day Against Child Labour is an opportune moment to take action to better protect... At the IV Global Conference on the Sustained Eradication of Child Labour, held in Buenos Aires in November 2017, ICMPD pledged to produce robust, policy-orientated research and evidence-based recommendations on child labour, forced labour and child trafficking - particularly in relation to the vulnerabilities of migrant children, children on the move, and children affected by armed conflict and forced displacement; and to carry out actions to reduce children’s vulnerabilities through a gender-sensitive, multi-disciplinary approach guided by normative frameworks.

We use the opportunity of World Day Against Child Labour to launch our new research assessment Trafficking along Migration Routes to Europe: Bridging the Gap between Migration, Asylum and Anti-Trafficking and to draw attention to the research findings on risks of trafficking and the anti-trafficking response, particularly the risks and vulnerabilities for children travelling in mixed migration flows and the child protection and anti-trafficking response. The research was conducted as part of the EU-funded TRAM project (Trafficking along Migration Routes (TRAM): Identification and Integration of Victims of Trafficking among Vulnerable Groups and Unaccompanied Children) and has a specific focus on the situation of unaccompanied and separated children.

Children travelling along migration routes to the EU, whether accompanied or unaccompanied, face both contextual and individual risk factors that contribute to their vulnerability to trafficking, exploitation and other abuses. These risk factors include restrictive migration policies, irregular legal status and travelling unaccompanied or separated from parents or legal guardians. Compounding these issues, the response from government authorities and other service providers often fails to attenuate these risks or may even exacerbate them. For example, unaccompanied or separated children may not be provided with adequate care and placement, the appointing of a guardian may be delayed or appointed guardians may lack sufficient capacity to care for children.

Cases of exploitation of children in the context of the Balkan Route and in the EU may go unidentified due to a knowledge gap among front-line responders on specific forms of exploitation affecting children – such as exploitative begging, forced marriage and forms of forced criminality, including children engaged in drug dealing and providing low-level migrant smuggling services.

 

More information on Trafficking along Migration Routes: 

Briefing paper

Full report

More information: 

TRAM project

World Day Against Child Labour

IV Conference for the Sustained Eradication of Child Labour

 

Glossary:

“Children’s or adolescents’ participation in work that does not affect their health and personal development or interfere with their schooling, is generally regarded as being something positive. This includes activities such as helping their parents around the home, assisting in a family business or earning pocket money outside school hours and during school holidays. These kinds of activities contribute to children’s development and to the welfare of their families; they provide them with skills and experience, and help to prepare them to be productive members of society during their adult life.

The term “child labour” is often defined as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development. 

It refers to work that is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful to children; and interferes with their schooling by: depriving them of the opportunity to attend school; obliging them to leave school prematurely; or requiring them to attempt to combine school attendance with excessively long and heavy work. […]

Whether or not particular forms of “work” can be called “child labour” depends on the child’s age, the type and hours of work performed, the conditions under which it is performed and the objectives pursued by individual countries. The answer varies from country to country, as well as among sectors within countries.”

Source: “What is Child Labour?” 

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Tue, 12 Jun 2018 15:54:59 +0200
Project News: MPF workshop “EU-Belarus Mobility Partnership – the state of play and the way forward” https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-mpf-workshop-eu-belarus-mobility-partnership-the-state-of-play-and-the-way-forward/ Providing good practices on the implementation of Mobility Partnerships (MP), introducing EU tools...

The event gathered 45 participants from various national authorities of Belarus, all EU MS that have signed the respective MP, as well as representatives of the EU Delegation in Minsk, the European Commission, ICMPD, IOM and UNHCR.

During the one-day workshop presentations and discussions evolved around concrete expectations of Belarus from the partnership signed in 2016. EU MS and international organisations gave an overview of ongoing actions under the MP and, most importantly, presented concrete areas in which they could provide expertise and tailored support to the authorities of Belarus. Speakers also stressed that despite its non-binding character the MP represents an important programme for enhanced cooperation between the EU, EU MS and Belarus on large number of migration-related topics. This endeavour requires coordination at national level as well as at establishment of a dedicated mechanism to regularly take stock of the progress of implementation of the MP and plan further steps.

Assistance in developing a national migration policy concept and enhancing cooperation of migration services, joint actions in the area of border management, exchange of experiences in the fight against trafficking in human beings, management of legal migration and of migration data were among the suggested areas.

The event was preceded by a workshop under the MIgration EU eXpertise (MIEUX) Initiative, one of the EU funded projects that supports the MP with Belarus.  The purpose of this workshop was to look at the actions at legislative and policy levels to be undertaken by the Belarusian authorities in order to enhance overall labour migration management in compliance with international conventions on migrant workers. The participants discussed and validated the final output of this MIEUX Action, the “Analytical Report on the Legislation in the field of external labour migration”. Special attention was paid to recommendations from the report and the way forward for potential ratification of the ILO Convention 97 and other international conventions on migrant workers. At the same time, the experts involved raised awareness about EU legislation in the area of labour migration, and gave guidelines about the public policy cycle for the future development and implementation of an effective and comprehensive national migration policy. 

More information on the MPF and on MIEUX.

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Mon, 11 Jun 2018 16:08:22 +0200