www.icmpd.org https://www.icmpd.org/ NEWS CENTRE en www.icmpd.org https://www.icmpd.org/typo3conf/ext/tt_news/ext_icon.gif https://www.icmpd.org/ 18 16 NEWS CENTRE TYPO3 - get.content.right http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss Fri, 26 Feb 2021 15:22:44 +0100 Project News: Mission to Tripoli to meet with Libyan counterparts https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-mission-to-tripoli-to-meet-with-libyan-counterparts/ In the framework of its monthly missions to Libya, ICMPD representatives visited Tripoli in January...

Upon arrival to Tripoli, the ICMPD Libya team met with the Secretary and Legal Advisor of the Libyan House of Representatives (HoR) to discuss the work of the HoR on migration and cooperation mechanisms with ICMPD. The HoR seeks the support of ICMPD with the review of migration related legislation, and they highlighted the need to work together to counter negative narratives on migration in Libya. Further, the HoR stressed the importance of a comprehensive national dialogue on migration to facilitate cooperation between the different actors working on migration issues. The opening of an office in Tripoli will allow for a more structured presence of ICMPD in Libya and it will be a positive step towards the implementation of ICMPD’s upcoming activities in the country.

Fruitful meetings were also held with Dr. Abdunasser Segayer, Chair of the National Team for Border and Security Management (NTSBM), as well as with Mr. Hatem Gharmul of the International Cooperation Department at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA), and Mr. Mohamed Musbah of the International Organisations Department of the MFA and ICMPD Focal Point. The main topics of discussion for the meetings focused on the remaining activities related to the ongoing project that is scheduled to finalise by the end of February as well as a general review of the provision of the Cooperation Agreement signed between Libya and ICMPD. The support to be provided by ICMPD on the development of a nationally owned migration policy and strategy was also discussed. 

Lastly, two ICMPD events took place during the mission to Tripoli, including a workshop with networks of local Libyan CSOs that you can read more about here. In addition, a preparatory meeting on the National Consultation on Migration was held with a group of Libyan civil servants, independent experts, civil society and private sector members, who discussed the next steps towards a comprehensive national dialogue on migration. 

The aim of the “Strategic and Institutional Management of Migration in Libya” project, which is implemented by ICMPD in collaboration with the Libyan National Team for Border Security and Management (NTBSM), is to support the efforts to improve the management of migration flows and the conditions of migrants in Libya.

Fri, 26 Feb 2021 15:22:44 +0100
Project News: SUPREME project hosts training on integrated data collection and analysis https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-supreme-project-hosts-training-on-integrated-data-collection-and-analysis/ On 17-18 February, ICMPD Turkey held an online training seminar for public officials at the... In 2020 Turkey continued to host the highest number of refugees in the world (since 2014 year), with over 3.6 million Syrians under temporary protection in the country and close to 0.5 million of irregular migrations intercepted the year before in 2019.  Given the magnitude of the migratory challenges Turkey is faced with, data collection and analysis is a crucial tool is developing an effective response.

The training seminar organised by ICMPD Turkey attracted interest from public officials from different departments of the Directorate General for Migration Management (DGMM) working on different aspects of migration, ranging from irregular to regular migration, international protections, combatting trafficking in human being, as well as officials from support, research and IT departments. The aim was to support overall policy making processes by the DGMM, through deepening the understanding of practitioners on data collection and analysis, as well as facilitating peer-to-peer exchanges with comparative perspectives from the EU and beyond. The event highlighted the importance of integrated data collection and analysis for better migrant management, as it enables migration authorities proactively develop policies to address challenges related to migration flows, including any imminent crises, and to strategize for the promotion of legal pathways.

The training started with a session providing a theoretical overview regarding integrated data collection and analysis, covering the main migration data sources, concept and definitions, and main migration data analysis tools and methods. The session also discussed the challenges related to integrated migration data collection due to the complex nature of migration and mobility of people.  The importance of cooperation among relevant authorities was highlighted in overcoming these challenges.

The rest of the programme provided insights on the experiences of the United Kingdom, Germany, Canada, Italy and European Border and Coast Guard Agency (FRONTEX) in migration data collection and analysis, highlighting different methods used in data collection and analyses, the roles of different public institutions and inter-agency cooperation, and how integrated migration data analysis contributes to policy-making. The importance of data matching for effective data collection and analysis, and digitalisation of migration management, albeit challenges related to merging of different databases and the risk of data deterioration during this process, was underlined in the discussion on the UK experience The session on the German experience emphasized inter-agency cooperation and systematic exchange of information and experience for migration policy-making at the Federal level. The session on the experience in Canada highlighted the importance of data sharing and integrated data analysis through a solid legal and administrative basis that enables effective inter-institutional data exchange, which allows the government to assess the needs and devise targeted policies. The discussion on Italy underlined the importance of risk analysis and cooperation with bilateral and EU partners for migrant management, particularly in the context of irregular migration. Lastly, the FRONTEX discussion provided an overview of the types of inter-agency cooperation and coordination among EU Member States, as well as partner countries, and how migration data is collected and analysed for policy-making at the EU level.

Overall, the training emphasized the centrality of certain elements for Turkey in its efforts at improving integrated data collection and analysis: the importance of starting migration data analysis with a policy question at its core and whether the data necessary to answer that question is being collected; the need to utilize both qualitative and quantitative methods;  the essentiality of risk assessment and analysis for pro-active migration policy making; the fundamentality of having the legal and administrative infrastructure in place to enable integrated migration data analysis.  Finally, the need for Turkey to approach migration analyses through a whole-of-route approach; thereby the importance of developing and further strengthening cooperation with countries of origin and EU Member States was highlighted.

This training was organized under ICMPD’s Strengthening Utilization of Additional Policies and Measures for Reinforcing Migration Management in Turkey (SUPREME) project, funded by the United Kingdom and implemented.

Wed, 24 Feb 2021 12:35:15 +0100
Project News: ICMPD SUPREME project hosts webinar on reintegration in Turkey https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-icmpd-supreme-project-hosts-webinar-on-reintegration-in-turkey/ On 9 February 2021, the SUPREME* project organised a webinar for the stakeholders of the Turkish...

The webinar, entitled “Essential Elements of Reintegration Assistance in Afghanistan and Pakistan”, was attended by the representatives of the Turkish Stakeholders of the National Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration Programme (N-AVRR), the Directorate General of Migration Management (DGMM), the Turkish Red Crescent (TURK KIZILAY), the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Turkish Cooperation and Coordination Agency (TIKA).

The webinar took place in two sessions. The first session provided an overview of Turkey’s N-AVRR system followed by the presentation by the Swedish Migration Agency (SMA) and the German Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF) of their practices on the provision of reintegration assistance, including the monitoring of reintegration programmes and current projects implemented in Afghanistan and Pakistan respectively.

The second session focused on the broad scale of activities of reintegration service partners, such as IRARA and WELDO in Afghanistan and Pakistan, including the reintegration partnership programmes implemented in these main source countries of irregular migrants, as well the effective monitoring of such programmes. 

The webinar aimed to adding to the knowledge and providing an information and experience sharing opportunity for the development of Turkey’s reintegration programmes in these two main source countries, being Afghanistan and Pakistan.

The webinar is held under ICMPD’s Strengthening Utilization of Additional Policies and Measures for Reinforcing Migration Management in Turkey (SUPREME) project, funded by the United Kingdom and implemented in cooperation with the Directorate General of Migration Management (DGMM).

* Strengthening Utilization of Additional Policies and Measures for Reinforcing Migration Management in Turkey

Thu, 18 Feb 2021 11:42:16 +0100
Expert Voice: EU migration policy: an optimistic vision of the future https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/expert-voice-eu-migration-policy-an-optimistic-vision-of-the-future/ It is February 2024. Ahead of elections to the European Parliament, several commentators are... By Hugo Brady

When the current EU leadership took office, only the brave would have predicted that the Union was about to take a major leap forward on migration. If anything, the initial signs were not encouraging. In November 2020, the Mediterranean countries rejected key elements of the new European Commission’s plans for a ‘pact’ on border control and processing irregular arrivals. Meanwhile, six states in the Schengen passport-free zone showed no signs of lifting the border checks they instituted during Europe’s 2015 migration crisis. And when governments realised that EU irregular arrivals for 2020 were down only slightly on the year before — a global mobility shutdown notwithstanding — many looked fearfully to a new crisis once normality returned.

That crisis was certainly in the post but never arrived. Because the EU used a relative lull in early 2021 to mainstream migration priorities into its foreign and aid policies — for the first time from the beginning of its seven-year funding cycle. The shift began in 2021 when Spain called for help after the arrival of over 20,000 migrants to the Canaries, most embarking from a new smuggler base in Laayoune, Western Sahara. The Spanish government asked the EU to re-energise its model of friendly partnership with West African countries, Morocco and Algeria, with a ‘Team Europe’ approach.

Team Europe gets to work

This meant finally operationalising a long-growing consensus, which would see the EU’s trade, aid and visa policies more precisely aligned to national priorities on border control, the return of irregular economic migrants and eventually to specific labour market needs. (Spain had already pioneered a version of this during the  2007 Cayucos crisis.) This reorganisation had its critics, including the decision to restrict visa access from countries refusing to take back their own nationals. But the EU also offered a concrete alternative: special partnerships with beefed up, long-term, predictable funding lines – incorporating 10 per cent of the Union’s €85 billion external budget – and ever-growing access to European recruitment schemes, including skills-matching and even extra-territorial job permits, an idea prompted by the work-at-home policies of the pandemic. In addition, every individual deal contained a counter-smuggling ‘op plan’, supported by special stand-alone funds, recognising that irregular boat arrivals to the EU had exceeded 100,000 people a year for over five years, and created the deadliest sea on earth. 

Each country accord was unique to itself, targeting carefully the partner state’s needs. Tunisia wanted help to re-start its tourism sector and spur trade with Libya; Algeria urgently needed budget support to compensate for low oil-prices and high youth unemployment; Morocco pointed to its own concerns on its southern border, and so on. As it became clear that the pandemic’s true impact on Africa was more serious and longer lasting than first assumed, the Union offered generous funds for post-COVID reconstruction, and in late 2021 re-directed excess stocks from its own successful vaccination drive for free to its neighbourhood. Step-by-step, the partners constructed a spine of intra-regional co-operation stretching from Senegal to Turkey that began to toughen and cohere. The latter, a critical player, concluded its own enhanced migration accord with the EU in November 2021.

France used its 2022 EU presidency to complete and formalise the governing structures of this new collaborative model, under the mantra: ‘Une coopération plus humaine, plus rapide et plus intelligente’. The upshot was that, for the first time since 2005 when annual irregular arrivals were less than 10,000, the Mediterranean boat crisis was ended. In a further strong signal to smugglers, Slovenia had also negotiated special arrangements under which spikes in irregular movements through the Western Balkans would be pre-emptively met by a coordinated border closure and the speedy deployment of EU experts and money. (A new ‘Joint Cooperation Platform’ on Irregular Migration would monitor and trigger the plan’s different phases, based on specific thresholds of irregulars.) Internally, the Team Europe approach also meant returning home those entrants with no asylum claim, quickly and wherever possible, voluntarily. Here, streamlined readmission procedures negotiated in late 2020 with African countries, as part of the ‘Post-Cotonou’ development agreement, were key. As the effective return rate climbed towards 60 per cent, Member State authorities began to relax.

Getting to ‘Yes’

By the end of its EU presidency, France was able to announce that Schengen would relaunch with full internal circulation at the end of 2023. In the interim, EU interior ministers re-designed the area’s rulebook to apply lessons learned from a pandemic now rapidly fading from memory, and created clear accountability mechanisms tied to real-time operational criteria. In addition, a new ‘Commande Schengen’ would be established to respond to mass arrival or security emergencies, where services other than regular border and immigration personnel might be needed.
Like the big boss at the end of a computer game, the question of how to handle asylum claims lodged at the EU’s borders, still remained, however. Since 2021, national experts had worked quietly on, in hope rather than expectation, modifying the Commission’s technical proposals with insights from the EU’s ongoing experimentation in migration management. Now, by demonstrating a European way to control irregular maritime migration and increase returns, the Union had greatly lowered the stakes in the asylum negotiations, including for the front-line states legally obliged to conduct sea rescues. During its EU presidency in early 2023, Sweden skilfully exploited the new detente to make the final breakthrough.
The Swedes proposed a package consisting of relocation guarantees for island states Malta and Cyprus; a refugee swap scheme with the Biden administration to counter smugglers either side of the Atlantic; and the agreement of central and eastern European countries to act as temporary evacuation havens for UN resettlement. In addition, the eastern Member States agreed to keep the Union’s newly effective migration diplomacy fuelled with work permits (‘blue cards’) for third countries: labour, which – in any case – they were already trying to secure for their fast-growing economies. Mario Draghi’s Italy, always the country most pivotal to any resolution, grumbled, but finally said ‘Si’.

Flanking measures

Since young men had made up 90 per cent of boat arrivals in the past, EU countries initiated a ‘Women and Children First’ scheme, based on Skype interviews, effectively doubling the Union’s resettlement quota from conflict regions. Refugee camps in Greece and the Balkans were cleared and closed in a few months via ‘metro relocation’, in which European cities, rather than countries, were invited to take part. These humanitarian flanking measures helped speed a new-look EU asylum system through the European Parliament, fittingly at the end of Spain’s presidency in December 2023.

All’s well that ends well? Perhaps not. At the beginning of 2024, a new ‘Entry-Exit System’ (EES) allowed European officials for the first time to tally border crossings with visa records across the whole Schengen area, a long-planned upgrade to the EU’s external border system. The EES revealed huge numbers of migrants were over-staying Schengen tourist visas or abusing the EU’s visa-free arrangements. Indeed, many times more than the boat phenomenon had brought to Europe’s shores. Now, with the elections imminent, some observers expect a fresh outcry over illegal immigration across the continent…

Hugo Brady is a senior strategic advisor at ICMPD.

Wed, 17 Feb 2021 16:56:00 +0100
Project News: FReM III publishes report on the National Monitoring Systems in 22 European states https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-frem-iii-publishes-report-on-the-national-monitoring-systems-in-22-european-states/ The Forced-Return Monitoring III (FReM III) project just released a Gaps and Needs Analysis Report,... The objective of forced-return monitoring is to document human rights compliance during the removal with a view to increasing transparency and accountability in the removal process, where the fundamental rights of returnees and principles could be at stake. The report summarises main findings of the gaps and needs analysis of national monitoring capacities of 22 FReM III partner countries. The methodology employed comprises secondary data analysis (i.e. desk research including information from various available sources and relevant reports of previous FReM projects), and primary analysis of data collected through a targeted survey of relevant National Monitoring Bodies (NMB) from all 22 FReM partner states.

The main findings of the reports can be summarised as follows:

-         As regards the general monitoring mandate, limitations in existing legal mandate in certain partner states has been identified as a major gap not allowing National Monitoring Bodies (NBMs) to observe all stages of a return operation. In many MSs limited funding of NMBs was highlighted as a major issue. As a consequence, institutionalisation of an adequate standardised profile of a forced-return monitor as well as increased institutional funding have been identified as means to address the mentioned gaps. 

-        With regard to the institutional capacity to monitor forced-return, NMBs´ restricted legal monitoring mandate and limited communication between institutions, particularly between the return enforcing institution and the NMB, have been indicated as important gaps which need to be addressed. The recommendations to address the mentioned gaps focus on the need for increased and formalised institutional cooperation as well as having a stable source of (increased) funding to also fund more trainings.

-        The existing gaps in terms of the preparedness of monitors are often the lack of sufficient time to prepare for a monitoring mission after receiving first information about an upcoming return operation. Lack of sufficient information at the disposal of monitors regarding upcoming returns further hinders the preparedness of monitors. To address some of these issues, the extension of preparation time as well as sharing more information have been stressed as possible solutions.

-        Similar to the gaps regarding monitors’ preparedness, the deployment of monitors is affected, among others, by inter-institutional communication between the return enforcing institution and the NMBs and here too, a better communication (also in terms of the content communicated to NBMs) is one of the means to fill the gap.  

-        With regard to the monitoring process, the identified gaps in certain MS are: lack of an interpreter, lack of specific monitoring guidelines and lack of/late receipt of information about the returnees. The means to fill these gaps are the presence of an interpreter during the return process as well as putting in place of monitoring guidelines.

-        As regards the major gaps in the process of writing and submitting a monitoring report, lack of a reporting template, the absence of recommendations from monitoring reports, and unclear and limited use of and follow-up to monitoring reports by return enforcing institutions have been highlighted. As a result, there is a need for standard operation procedures for information sharing and improved collaboration and communication between the monitoring institution and the return enforcing institution. In addition, monitors need to have access to previous monitoring reports and there is also a need for more institutional discussion and reflection on the recommendations from monitors’ reports.

-        The most common gap in the process of following-up on monitoring reports is the lack of any such follow-up. Collaboration and information-sharing between the institutions conducting the monitoring, but also between return enforcing institutions and NMBs have also been mentioned as a notable gap. One suggested solution is to establish a formal follow-up procedure, particularly with regard to the recommendations from the monitoring reports.

The analysis was conducted by the FReM III project team at ICMPD, composed of staff members of the Migration Dialogues & Cooperation Directorate in collaboration with two researchers from the Policy, Research and Strategy Directorate.

It is worth noting here that while working on addressing the gaps and needs highlighted above, the Member States can benefit from the existing tools, guidelines and training materials developed in the framework of the FReM projects.

To access the Gaps and Needs Analysis Report as well as other FReM outputs please click on the links below:

FReM III Gaps and Needs Analysis Report

FReM III outputs


More information on the Forced-Return Monitoring III (FReM III) project can be found here


Wed, 17 Feb 2021 12:24:03 +0100
Project News: New ICMPD Jordan project for the Borders and Residency Department https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-new-icmpd-jordan-project-for-the-borders-and-residency-department/ On the 10th of February 2021, ICMPD Jordan organised the first steering committee meeting for the...

The Project Steering Committee meeting aimed to officially kick-off the project, agree on the details of the project implementation and endorse the next steps, in particular the supply of equipment and training delivery. The meeting was chaired by representatives of the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands and co-chaired by ICMPD and served as a platform for discussion and exchange of views on project implementation. 

The expected outcomes were the approval of the project work plan, project communication and visibility plan and joint agreement on the steps ahead. In the upcoming project implementation phase, the BRD document laboratory will be equipped and the staff will benefit from a number of capacity building activities by EU experts and improve information exchange in the field of document security.

This Dutch supported initiative will function as a fully integrated element of ICMPD’s project “Integrated Border Management Jordan” which is funded by the European Union. These two projects will support Jordan to control and manage its borders to ensure greater security for its citizens and visitors. The activities will fully take into account the specificities of Jordan to ensure the long-term sustainability of the project’s achievements.

More information on this project can be found here.

Fri, 12 Feb 2021 14:02:06 +0100
Project News: ICMPD conducts a workshop with Libyan Civil Society Organisations on network creation https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-icmpd-conducts-a-workshop-with-libyan-civil-society-organisations-on-network-creation/ From 26 to 28 January 2021, ICMPD organised a workshop in Tripoli with four local networks of...

During the months leading up to the workshop, the four CSO networks received coaching from ICMPD, in regard to creating and operationalizing their networks via the development of a common Code of Conduct as well as the networks’ action plans. The main objective of the workshop was to finalize the action plans that the CSO networks had been working on and adapt them to the country’s situation, particularly considering the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, the CSO networks had the opportunity to discuss possibilities for future collaborations between the networks. The workshop took place in Tripoli and was attended by seven representatives, nominated by the networks’ members, from four Libyan CSO networks from across Libya.  

The workshop built on the work that ICMPD has done with Libyan CSOs during the project, including capacity building activities and a study visit to Italy in 2019. The study visit in particular was a source of inspiration for the Libyan CSOs to create synergies between them and consolidate their efforts to address migration challenges and leverage its opportunities in Libya. Consequently, ICMPD undertook consultations with the CSOs during the spring of 2020 to explore networking opportunities. Following these consultations, it was decided to work together with the CSOs into that direction, focusing specifically on creating and operationalizing their networks with the long-term goal to build a national platform of all the CSO networks in Libya that work on migration issues.

The workshop was a successful experience, and the CSO networks expressed a strong desire to succeed in this networking experience despite the challenges that they are facing on the ground.

The aim of the “Strategic and Institutional Management of Migration in Libya” project, which is implemented by ICMPD in collaboration with the Libyan National Team for Border Security and Management (NTBSM), is to support the efforts to improve the management of migration flows and the conditions of migrants in Libya. 

Wed, 10 Feb 2021 13:46:54 +0100
Project News: First on-site trainings by IBM Silk Routes delivered in Pakistan https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-first-on-site-trainings-by-ibm-silk-routes-delivered-in-pakistan/ Despite the difficult circumstances brought about by COVID-19, a series of two advanced level... In 2020, travel restrictions and safety measures forced a change to training delivery from a traditional classroom-based concept to remote learning. In a first step, basic trainings on document security were delivered in 2020 online to 80 selected officials from the FIA. In the second phase, the best trainees took part in the advanced trainings.
To this end, the Dutch and ICMPD experts on document security, seconded from ICMPD’s Border Management and Security Programme, travelled to Islamabad to deliver the training, which was organised with strict medical security measures. All participants, trainers and project staff were submitted to regular PCR tests, done before, during and for experts also after the training prior to a flight back home.
Despite all the current challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic and travel restrictions, the success of these trainings demonstrates that precise planning and stringent safeguarding measures means resumption of physical trainings is possible. The global situation will never be the same as it was a year ago, but now is the time to start thinking about how new and innovative ways of working can move beyond virtual sessions to a more sustainable and “normal” approach to capacity building in development projects.   
More information on IBM Silk Routes can be found here.

The PCR tests were done by a specialised laboratory, accredited in Pakistan, which provided their test services on the spot and thereby eliminating movements from the training venue to the lab. Only holders of negative results were granted access to the training. Other measures included the use of personal protective equipment, such as plastic shields, FFP2 masks and sanitizers by trainers and each participant throughout the entire training. 

Wed, 10 Feb 2021 12:51:53 +0100
Project news article: MC2CM: Migrant sensitive urban COVID-19 responses contribute to Global Compacts https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-article-mc2cm-migrant-sensitive-urban-covid-19-responses-contribute-to-global-compact/ While the COVID19 pandemic affected all countries, cities and societies, it particularly took a... Many municipalities were able to translate the Global Compacts for Refugees and Migration into action through their recovery efforts. Goal 7 of the GCM states the need to take migrant populations into account in crisis response. In spring 2020, the city of Sfax cooperated with NGOs and international organizations to support vulnerable populations, and update its database. Goal 15 of the GCM highlights the need to ensure safe access to services to everyone, which prompted the city of Vienna to establish multilingual information centres on COVID19. Additionally, Global Compacts advocate for social inclusion, and leveraging contribution of migrants. It is in that sense that the municipalities of Tunis, Milan and Durban partnered with migrant associations, who played the roles of mediators to support refugees and migrants who were previously unreachable by local authorities. Furthermore, both the GCM and the GCR call to fight discrimination, thus, the municipality of Rabat prepared an action plan for awareness raising against racism and hate speech. Lastly, the COVID19 crisis has reinforced the trend to build back through equal partnerships. The city of Madrid launched public-private partnerships to raise funds and shelter homeless populations.

This publication, which focuses on five areas of intervention, will explore further municipal recovery responses that were sensitive to the needs and contributions of migrants and refugees. It also demonstrate the crucial role played by local governments and the efforts deployed in order to proactively push inclusive recovery strategies for host communities, migrants and refugees. 

This study was issued by the Mediterranean City-to-City Migration (MC2CM) project, which contributes to improved migration governance at urban level, including migrants' access to basic services and human rights in the Euro-Mediterranean region.

Download the study in English, French or Arabic 

Tue, 09 Feb 2021 08:31:07 +0100
Project News: Major Migration Trends and Developments in Turkey in 2020 – Analysis by ICMPD in Turkey https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-major-migration-trends-and-developments-in-turkey-in-2020-analysis-by-icmpd-in-turke/ ICMPD Turkey releases six new policy briefs on Turkey, offering an analysis of major trends and...

In 2020, Turkey continued to host the largest number of refugees in the world (since 2014), with over 3.6 million registered Syrians under temporary protection* and close to 350.000 refugees and asylum seekers of other nationalities, putting a major strain on the country. Traditionally a country of origin and transit, recent regional events have contributed to Turkey increasingly becoming a major destination country. In 2020, the migration debate in Turkey was dominated mainly by the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic and issues surrounding Syrians under temporary protection, and irregular migration and asylum. 2021 could witness a further increase in the numbers of forcibly displaced in the region, and fresh migratory flows towards Turkey, over continued prevalence of conflicts and the adverse impact of the Covid 19 pandemic, posing major challenges for the country and the region.

With six new policy briefs, ICMPD Turkey offers an analysis of migration data and major policy developments in Turkey in 2020, looks at possible trends and challenges in 2021 and provides policy recommendations for better migration management.

Turkey Policy Brief  - Irregular Migration 

Turkey Policy Brief - Legal Migration 

Turkey Policy Brief - Asylum and Refugees 

Turkey Policy Brief -Trafficking in Human Beings

Turkey Policy Brief - Migration and Development

Turkey Policy Brief - CSOs and Migration

*Turkey is a party to the 1951 Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol, but maintains a geographical limitation to the Convention. Due to this geographical limitation to the definition of a refugee, Turkey considers Syrians as temporary status holders and other non-European nationalities as international protection status holders.

Mon, 01 Feb 2021 11:48:40 +0100