www.icmpd.org https://www.icmpd.org/ NEWS CENTRE en www.icmpd.org https://www.icmpd.org/typo3conf/ext/tt_news/ext_icon.gif https://www.icmpd.org/ 18 16 NEWS CENTRE TYPO3 - get.content.right http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss Tue, 04 Dec 2018 13:06:31 +0100 Expert Voice: Making the case for regional cooperation on migration and mobility https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/expert-voice-making-the-case-for-regional-cooperation-on-migration-and-mobility/ State cooperation on migration and mobility has intensified significantly in the last decade, not...

By  Malin Frankenhaeuser, Justyna Segeš Frelak and Daria Huss 

It would seem only natural to attempt to regulate a predominantly regional phenomenon like migration and mobility through intensified regional cooperation. Harmonisation of migration policies within a region contributes to facilitating movements that would often take place anyways, either in a regular or an irregular manner and having a mobile workforce supports the economy. Making strides at the regional level should also be easier than finding global agreement on migration and mobility – the lack of unity on the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM) is a case in point. The GCM itself highlights regional, cross-regional and sub-regional organisations, processes and mechanisms throughout the text, particularly with regard to the implementation, follow-up and review of commitments. These three issues are precisely what many regional cooperation frameworks still struggle with. Not only is it difficult to agree on the scope of regional cooperation on migration and mobility, but agreements in place often stumble on weak capacities to implement and monitor, and weak enforcement mechanisms. 

Regional cooperation frameworks, compared to cooperation at a supra-regional level, often have the advantage of shared migration and mobility patterns, common history, language and cultural proximity as well as similar levels of socio-economic development that facilitate the reaching of consensus on mobility schemes (if not all of these factors apply, at least some most likely do). In some cases, however, bilateral cooperation can be more relevant and efficient, especially in the case of areas that are either extremely sensitive or rely mostly on national competence. It should also be noted that the relationship between emerging regional cooperation and migration is complex and intensified free movement cooperation may not necessarily lead to major increases in migration flows. For example, within the Gulf Cooperation Council, despite favourable economic, political conditions and removal of barriers to free movement, intra-regional migration remains relatively low. This might be related to the similar structure of national labour markets, lower significance of the private sector in employment and favourable treatment of citizens. At the same time, intra-regional mobility rates may be high despite implementation challenges.

What does it look like?

The primary aim of regional cooperation frameworks is usually economic cooperation. While economic and trade integration have often been key drivers for regional cooperation, with mobility policies following relatively recently. The various forms of mobility governance range from highly formalised to informal regional cooperation: with a mature free movement regime at one end; trade related agreements including mobility components, regional migration dialogues or consultative processes in between; and, ad-hoc regional programmes and projects at the other end. 

Full regional mobility requires harmonisation of national laws and regulations with the regionally agreed policies and instruments, which requires a progressive cession of certain national sovereign prerogatives to regional institutions. Results might be remarkable like in the European Union, where all EU citizens enjoy freedom of movement and related rights such as, access to the labour market, education and social assistance. To illustrate this, in 2017 there were 16.9 million EU citizens living in another EU Member State. Also the East African Community and the Economic Community of West African States are implementing comprehensive free movement regimes, despite a number of implementation challenges they face in practice. 

Some regional blocs opt for looser forms of cooperation on specific aspects of mobility, often favouring the movement of skilled workers. Examples include the Association of Southeast Asian Nations region, where free movement initiatives focused on the movement of service providers, as well as the NAFTA region, where temporary entry is granted to certain categories of highly skilled migrants. For example, within ASEAN the aim is to “facilitate movement of business persons, skilled labour, and talents” including specific professions: doctors, dentists, nurses, engineers, architects, accountants, and tourism professionals.  

Informal, non-binding regional migration dialogues and consultative processes, such as the Budapest Process, the Almaty Process, the Khartoum Process or the Colombo Process, also play an important role in building consensus and shaping a common understanding of migration issues, in facilitating networks and partnerships. 

Stumbling blocks to full-fledged regional migration governance

There are several stumbling blocks to full implementation of mobility cooperation agreements. Challenges include the difficulty to find agreement on the scope of cooperation, which could be connected to concerns about public spending, public opinion and security or complicated interactions between certain (member) states as well as reluctance to transfer certain aspects of national sovereignty to regional institutions. 

Reservations about intensified mobility cooperation may also be related to imbalanced or slow regional integration with continued socio-economic disparities within regions. Concerns about potentially uneven mobility patterns and the concentration of migrants in a small number of destination countries reflect the general asymmetry of interests and benefits between countries of origin and destination. For example, in case of Southern African Development Community (SADC), asymmetry of interests linked to the socio-economic disparities were major arguments expressed by South Africa in relation to more comprehensive cooperation. A similar situation might be observed in case of Australia as a part of Pacific Islands Forum. 

Slow or partial ratification processes may also impede cooperation. In the case of MERCOSUR several agreements have been signed but not ratified. The recently adopted African Union Free Movement Protocol has to date been signed by 32 countries and ratified by one.

Other challenges are linked to ineffective implementation resulting from inadequate time and resources allocated to the harmonisation of policies, including developing capacities and new institutions, and changing laws and regulations. In the absence of proper coordination and monitoring mechanisms it is also difficult to assess how commitments have translated into practice. Furthermore, when enforcement mechanisms are weak or missing, little can be done to counter slow progress or even non-compliance.

In this context, incoherent migration policies and interdependent non-migration policies may put the entire existence of regional mobility cooperation in question. As an example, successfully implemented mobility commitments without adequate integration, antidiscrimination, education, healthcare and migrant workers’ protection policies – whether by flaws in their design or implementation – make regional cooperation frail to political tensions and disagreements. In this context, skills mismatches should be highlighted as they often results from incoherent educational and vocational standards in countries of origin and destination. 

The intended results (legal provisions) and actual effects (implementation) of these different forms of regional cooperation may also vary significantly. It is particularly difficult to assess the effects of cooperation as there are often no mechanisms to monitor and evaluate the actual enforcement. Additionally, migration data collection is associated with a number of interrelated challenges, namely gaps in the availability of data, scarcity of human and material resources, and lack of facilities and equipment to ensure timely, accurate, and comprehensive filing of the data. 

Future of regional migration governance

To move forward on the path of regional cooperation and to ensure that migration yields positive effects for the migrants themselves as well as their countries of origins and destination, and to avoid unwanted side-effects, there is a need to further harmonise national laws and regulations both within the field of migration – including labour migration, integration, diaspora engagement and border control – and in policy areas outside of but connected to migration, such as education, employment, economic and public security policies. 

At the same time, stronger cooperation between regions would be relevant to avoid incoherence between bordering regional blocs, notably in the case of overlapping memberships, and to promote functioning cross-border sub-regions. 

There is also a continued need for monitoring and evaluation of existing free movement regimes and other forms of regional cooperation frameworks in view of improving development outcomes of this cooperation. Although efforts to monitor and report on political and operational commitments have been intensified recently in some regions, there is still a need to ensure better coherence among the involved actors.

This article is based on the background paper “Regional mobility and policy coherence to support development”( also available in FR, SP) that ICMPD drafted for Roundtable 2.2 of the Eleventh GFMD Summit 5-7 December 2018, where a central proposal for discussion was how existing forms of cooperation could be further strengthened in the context of regionalisation of migration flows. 

Download this article as a PDF. 

Further Reading: 

More information on ICMPD's dialogues and projects can be found here: 

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Tue, 04 Dec 2018 13:06:31 +0100
Project News: Budapest Process - 25 years of intergovernmental dialogue and preparations for a Ministerial Conference https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-budapest-process-25-years-of-intergovernmental-dialogue-and-preparations-for-a-minis/ On 19-20 November 2018, the Budapest Process held its 3rd Preparatory Meeting ahead of the 6th... 84 delegates from 38 countries and 7 organisations attended the meeting in Istanbul, hosted by Turkey as Chair of the Process. Delegates reviewed the political declaration ‘The Istanbul Commitments’ and the action plan a “Call for Action’ to be adopted by Ministers at a Conference in 2019 and provided comments on the structure and the wording of both texts.

A dinner took place on 19th November to commemorate 25 years of the Budapest Process. In 1993, a Minister-level meeting took place in Budapest, Hungary which initiated 25 years of dialogue on migration, including two major geographical expansions and a number of operational activities flanking the dialogue - making sure that political commitments are translated into operational activities.  

Over the last 25 years, the Budapest Process has become recognised by participating states both in East and West as well as further stakeholders, as an excellent tool for identifying and addressing evolving migration challenges. The dialogue has built up a far-reaching network among participating states and wide thematic coverage and is known and valued in the regions it involves. The unbinding nature, the setting of trust as well as fostering of an equal level dialogue, have made it possible to achieve cooperation also on sensitive issues.

As a reminder, the Budapest Process Secretariat has prepared an infographic - listing 25 things to know about the Budapest Process - 5 strengths, 5 milestones, 5 achievements, 5 lessons learned and 5 key figures.

Visit the Budapest Process website for more information.

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Mon, 26 Nov 2018 15:26:37 +0100
Around The Globe: ICMPD's Director General, Michael Spindelegger, gives keynote at the Club of Venice plenary meeting https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/around-the-globe-icmpds-director-general-michael-spindelegger-gives-keynote-at-the-club-of-venic/ On Thursday 22nd November, Mr. Spindelegger gave the keynote speech at the Club of Venice... The meeting discussed a wide variety of topics affecting Europe including countering hybrid threats. During his keynote which focused on migration in Europe, Mr. Spindelegger reiterated that migration policies are most successful when governments deliver on the need for clear communication about migration in Europe. “We need to drive a European agenda of innovation, economic growth, social inclusion and access to opportunities for our European citizens. Only if the EU and the European governments deliver on this agenda, citizens and voters will start to trust in their migration policies as well.”

Other participants of the conference included officials from European governments and international organisations including Diana Agosti, Italian Prime Minister's Office, Head of the Department of European Policies, Claus Giering of the European Commission and Alexander Kleinig from the European Parliament.

The conference runs over 3 days and takes place in Venice, Italy.

Read Mr. Spindelegger's full speech here. 

Find out more about the Club of Venice.

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Fri, 23 Nov 2018 11:19:58 +0100
Project News: Information and consultation meeting on legal migration in Turkey https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-information-and-consultation-meeting-on-legal-migration-in-turkey/ On 19 November 2018, ICMPD’s Supporting Migration Policy Development in Turkey (MIND) project held... The information and consultation meeting aimed to ensure that foreigners residing in the province of Antalya have access to accurate information as regards to their rights and responsibilities through information conveyed by the Directorate General of Migration Management (DGMM), the Antalya Provincial Directorate of Migration Management and other relevant public institutions, in line with the relevant legislation. Topics covered will include the administrative rules and procedures related to foreigners in general and the right to work, own immovable property and the process for gaining Turkish citizenship in particular.

“We carry out studies on the harmonization process of the host communities and foreigners residing in Turkey. Our General Directorate, which is the responsible institution for the mutual harmonization of the host communities and the foreigners in our country, works to improve the services offered to foreigners in collaboration with other institutions.” said Dr. Aydin Keskin Kadioglu, the Head of Harmonization and Communication Department of DGMM.

The Project (MIND) co-financed by the EU and the Republic of Turkey supports the Directorate General of Migration Management (DGMM) in developing evidence based migration policies. In this respect, best practices are gathered from European states, data analysis and data based policies are developed, while capacity building activities are undertaken to monitor and evaluate the policies developed and effectively introduce the policies adopted to officials who implement them and the people who are affected by them.

The Project foresees a set of measures with the purpose of supporting the DGMM to develop a migration policy framework for Turkey, which satisfies both strategic and operational needs and help determine main principles and a long-term perspective in line with EU standards.

The project will support Turkey in the areas addressed by the Law on Foreigners and International Protection by raising awareness of its content among all parties concerned and creating a stronger migration management strategy and system.

The project also includes awareness raising activities for foreigners concerning their rights and obligations while residing in Turkey, as well as the migration policies adopted and implemented by Turkey today.

 

More information on MIND can be found here. 

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Wed, 21 Nov 2018 11:13:04 +0100
Vienna Migration Conference 2018 hosts a record number of over 500 high-level participants https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/vienna-migration-conference-2018-hosts-a-record-number-of-over-500-high-level-participants/ From 18 - 19 October the Vienna Migration Conference took place for the third time. Under the... The Conference was opened by the Director General of ICMPD, Mr Michael Spindelegger, followed by Austrian Minister Mr Gernot Blümel of the Federal Chancellery for the EU, Arts, Culture and Media. “All sides have to work together on migration issues, all sides have interests that must be reflected, that all sides must benefit from the partnerships and all areas of migration governance must have their place in these partnerships” said Mr Spindelegger. Federica Mogherini, the High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy addressed the audience via a video message, stressing the importance of international cooperation and partnerships within the EU and beyond: “I believe that together we can show that walls are not the answer, partnership is the only way forward”. Aside from the 3 panel discussions, this year’s conference also offered a number of information stands for conference visitors and eight different side-events.

The high-level political panel on 18 October included H.E. Mark Harbers, Minister for Migration, Ministry of Justice and Security, the Netherlands, H.E. Eduardo Cabrita, Minister of Home Affairs, Portugal, H.E. Stephan Mayer, Parliamentary State Secretary, Federal Ministry of the Interior, Building and Community, Germany, H.E. Faizullah Zaki Ibrahimi, Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, Afghanistan, H.E. Yavuz Selim Kıran, Deputy Minister, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Turkey, H.E. Adel Jarbouï, Secretary of State in charge of Migration and Tunisians living abroad, Ministry of Social Affairs, Tunisia, H.E. Emilia Saiz, Secretary General, United Cities and Local Governments. The evening culminated in a reception hosted by Mayor and Governor Dr Michael Ludwig with the City of Vienna as one of the sponsoring partners. The other sponsors of the Vienna Migration Conference 2018 were: Raiffeisen Bank International, PricewaterhouseCoopers and The OPEC Fund for International Development (OFID).

Global Compact for Migration

The 19 October was dedicated to two main panel discussions, Reforming Refugee Protection and Skilled Migration. In his opening words, ICMPD Director Policy, Research and Strategy, Lukas Gehrke said: “Making progress in these topics will bring us a good step closer to overcoming the crisis mode and towards a sustainable migration governance system”. He was succeeded by Mr Jonathan Prentice, Chief of Office of the Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for International Migration, United Nations who spoke about the current status of the Global Compact on Migration and the ideas surrounding its provision.

Reforming Refugee Protection

The panel on reforming refugee protection was moderated by ICMPD Head of Policy, Malin Frankenhaeuser. Panellists included Ms Nina Gregori, Director General, Internal Administrative Affairs, Migration and Naturalisation Directorate, Ministry of Interior, Slovenia, Mr Peter Webinger, Deputy Director General for Asylum, Migration, Citizenship, Civil Status and Human Rights, Federal Ministry of Interior, Austria, H.E. Pascal Teixeira da Silva, Ambassador of France in charge of Migration, Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, France, Ms Ece Özbayoğlu Acarsoy, Deputy Director General, Deputy Directorate General for Immigration, Asylum and Visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Turkey, Mr Maciej Popowski, Deputy Director General, Directorate General for Neighbourhood and Enlargement Negotiations, European Commission, Ms Grainne O’Hara, Director, Division of International Protection, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Ms Elizabeth Collett, Special Adviser to the Director General, International Organization for Migration.

Skilled Migration

The third and concluding panel of the conference focused on the topic of “Skilled Migration” and was moderated by ICMPD’s Head of Brussels Mission, Ralph Genetzke. On the panel was Ms Cornelia Lüthy, Vice Director, Head of Immigration and Integration Directorate, State Secretariat for Migration, Switzerland, Mr Alexander Wilhelm, Managing Director International Relations, International and Specialised Services, Federal Employment Agency, Germany, Mr Matthias Oel, Director, Directorate B - Migration, Mobility and Innovation, Directorate General for Migration and Home Affairs, European Commission, Mr Martin Ruhs, Chair in Migration Studies and Deputy Director of the Migration Policy Centre, Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, European University Institute, Mr Jean-Christophe Dumont, Head of the International Migration Division, Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Mr Alfred Höhn, Leader Government & Public Sector, Europe and EMEA, PricewaterhouseCoopers. Discussions focused on EU policy surrounding migration, labour needs in the EU and pilot projects and their obstacles and successes.

With its record number of visitors and high-level participants, the Vienna Migration Conference has become a significant platform for continuous informal and open dialogue between different actors in the migration sphere. The outcomes will be shared in a conference publication to be released by the beginning of 2019.

A photo gallery of the Vienna Migration Conference 2018 can  be found here.

See the Vienna Migration Conference page for more information.

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Wed, 31 Oct 2018 11:30:48 +0100
Expert Voice:Latest research findings on resilience and vulnerability to human trafficking on migration routes to Europe https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/expert-voicelatest-research-findings-on-resilience-and-vulnerability-to-human-trafficking-on-migrat-1/ This article presents some of the findings from our in-depth, multi-country research project “Study...

Written by Dr Claire Healy

The research so far indicates that: 

  • Exploitation often takes place during the journey, but people in transit wish to continue on to the next country as soon as possible, which presents challenge for protecting trafficked people and prosecuting traffickers;
  • many teenage boys and young men are exploited, but they are rarely considered “vulnerable”;
  • human trafficking and migrant smuggling are very different crimes, but using smuggling services makes people vulnerable to exploitation.

The findings of this research are currently being analysed, and the full study will be published early next year. The research looks at the incidence of trafficking in this context, and examines the factors that make people taking the journey more resilient to trafficking and related abuses, as well as the factors that determine their vulnerability. The project is funded by the US Department of State Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (J/TIP).

Research Overview

The countries under study for the STRIVE research project are situated along the main Balkan migration routes: Bulgaria, Greece, Hungary, Macedonia and Serbia, as well as Germany, the main destination country, and Italy, the first EU country of arrival along the Central Mediterranean route. So far, we have interviewed over 200 key informants and over 90 people who have traveled the routes. 

A total of around 1.1 million people have traveled along the “Balkan route” since 2015, in order to enter an EU country and apply for asylum. The route leads from Turkey, where a number of routes from countries of origin in the Middle East (Syria, Iraq), West and South Asia (Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan) and Horn of Africa (Eritrea, Somalia) converge. From Turkey, people either travel by boat from the Western coast to the nearby Greek North Aegean islands, or cross the Evros River into Greece or Bulgaria. 

For the approximately 500,000 people who arrived in Italy along the Central Mediterranean route since 2015, various migration routes through West Africa (from Nigeria, Senegal, The Gambia and Ghana), Horn of Africa (Eritrea, Somalia, Ethiopia) and more recently from North Africa (Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco) and South Asia (Bangladesh, Pakistan) converge on Libya as the main transit country. People then travel by boat to arrive at Italian ports on the islands of Lampedusa and Sicily, and on the mainland.

Exploitation often takes place during the journey, but people in transit wish to carry on to the next country as soon as possible

Official statistics show very few cases of human trafficking among people using the Balkan route. In Macedonia, for example, the number of officially identified cases among the large numbers of people who transited through the country since 2015 is in single figures. Similarly, in Bulgaria, the vast majority of identified trafficked people are Bulgarian citizens. Also in Germany, 85% of identified trafficked people are European. Among the non-EU victims identified, the majority are Nigerian women. On the other hand, among people using the Central Mediterranean route, 65% of the people being protected as trafficking victims in Italy are Nigerian, while the others are from Morocco, Senegal, Pakistan and Ghana, as well as Romania and Albania. Most trafficked people officially identified in all these countries are adult women. 

Exploitation takes place in countries of origin prior to departure, in transit countries outside Europe, such as Iran, Iraq, Turkey and Libya, and in countries of transit or destination in Europe. One of the most important reasons for the low numbers of identified cases of trafficking along the migration routes is the fact that people are in transit. They may see possible identification as a victim of trafficking as reducing their chances of travelling onwards, making it unappealing for them to seek help and protection. And the authorities and NGOs were mainly focused on registration and the provision of basic services to people in transit and did not focus on their personal stories, or on possible indications of trafficking and exploitation. 

Many teenage boys and young men are exploited, but they are rarely considered “vulnerable”

NGOs and authorities tended to focus on more “visible” vulnerabilities, such as children travelling alone, pregnant women, people in need of medical assistance and elderly people. This focus on “visible” vulnerabilities can also be detrimental to the protection of boys and men who are victims of exploitation and abuse. Single adult men in some cases are the most vulnerable group precisely because they are considered the least vulnerable. This is an unintended consequence of the application of provisions to protect and give priority to “vulnerable groups”. This does not mean that women and girls are not affected by specific vulnerabilities, and indeed there are indications of trafficking of women and girls along the route, but understanding the gender composition of the groups of people who have arrived in the EU using these routes is crucial. 

There are many cases of trafficking and related abuses of men and boys simply because they form the majority of people travelling along the route. Around two-thirds of all those who arrived along the routes since 2015 are adult men, mainly aged 18-30 years old. Around nine out of ten unaccompanied children who applied for asylum in the EU since 2015 are boys, mostly aged 15-17 years old (Eurostat). This means that often, during the journey, arrival and asylum application process, these boys “age out” of protection systems, turning 18 and being considered as adult men in terms of status and service provision, no longer covered by child protection policies and services.

In general, many policy-makers, journalists and researchers tend to describe trafficking as a dichotomy between good and evil, and between male and female: the evil male trafficker exploiting the innocent and passive female victim by forcing her into prostitution. The implications of this “traditional” understanding of human trafficking are that men and boys are less likely to be identified as victims and, even if they are identified, less likely to be provided with the protection that they are entitled to. 

Yet many of the indications of trafficking that we have found in this research victimise teenage boys and young men, in labour exploitation, sexual exploitation and forced criminal activities. They are vulnerable due to: experience of abuse and exploitation before they left their country of origin or previous residence; being physically abused, subjected to police brutality or robbed along the way; and the pressure of debts and family expectations.

Human trafficking and migrant smuggling are very different crimes, but using smuggling services makes people vulnerable to exploitation

Boys and men, but also girls and women, may be exploited and trafficked in the context of migrant smuggling in various ways, depending on the circumstances of their trip. Many people who wish to apply for asylum in an EU country have very low chances of being granted a visa for regular travel – which would make them far more resilient to abuse and exploitation. So they have to travel irregularly across multiple countries and make a dangerous sea crossing, using the services of migrant smugglers.

The EU-Turkey Statement in March 2016 in particular led to increasing restrictions on movement, leaving some people “stranded” along the route, unable to continue on to their intended destinations and highly dependent on the services of migrant smugglers. This exposed them to risks of exploitation, which are exacerbated by lack of regular status and lack of access to the regular labour market. So preventing human trafficking requires providing access to regular travel - through increased access to refugee resettlement programmes, humanitarian visas, and work, study or family reunification visas for EU countries, and swift and fair asylum procedures within the EU.

Dependence on smugglers also has significant financial implications for people taking the journey. Many people go into debt for this reason, which substantially increases their vulnerability to exploitation. This may contribute to them being stranded and not able to move on, not being able to meet their basic needs, and working under exploitative conditions along the way. 

It should be noted, however, that smuggling services are provided along a continuum of smuggling, from service provision with no abuses or deception at one end, to abuse, exploitation and trafficking, at the other. People’s experiences of migrant smuggling along the route are located at various points along this continuum. Some people were more resilient to abuse and exploitation because their interaction with smugglers was minimal, when transit was swift and regular during 2015, and others are more resilient because they can afford to pay a higher price to smugglers, so they are not exploited or abused.

We are now moving into the final phase of the research, where we consolidate and analyse all of this information. We are analysing the research findings to understand what makes people more resilient in this context and what prevents them from being abused or exploited, both in terms of policies and personal factors.

What is already clear at this stage is that:

  • trafficked people must have access to protection as soon as possible, and regardless of where the exploitation took place; 
  • identification and protection services need to also be in place for men and boys and their potential vulnerability to exploitation should be recognised; and
  • if we are serious about combating migrant smuggling and preventing related human trafficking, then legal migration channels must be significantly expanded. Access to refugee resettlement, humanitarian visas and regular migration programmes to the EU is a decisive source of resilience to trafficking and abuse.  

Claire Healy is Research Coordinator at the Anti Trafficking Programme in ICMPD.  

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Mon, 29 Oct 2018 14:24:16 +0100
Project News: 27 Libyan Civil Society Organizations trained in networking skills and migration knowledge with European Union support https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-27-libyan-civil-society-organizations-trained-in-networking-skills-and-migration-knowl/ On the 26 October 2018 the International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD) closed... The workshop took place within the framework of the EU-financed ICMPD project "Strategic and institutional management of migration in Libya” funded by the European Union. The event was attended by Ambassador Alan Bugeja, Head of the Delegation of the European Union to Libya, who said “We believe that civil society can make the difference by adding to the efforts of other stakeholders in addressing the challenges posed by migration and also leveraging its opportunities, notably in view of reconstruction and development. Through this training we help them contribute to the comprehensive national strategy developed by the Libyan authorities in a way that benefits all Libyans”.

From 23 to 26 October 2018, representatives of 27 Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) working on migration in Libya, gathered in Tunis to improve their networking capacities and their migration knowledge. Participants got intensive training by high level experts to enhance the skills of the emerging civil society on cooperation, coordination and networking. They also had the opportunity to become familiar with key migration topics, such as labour migration as well as the migration and development nexus.

This is the third workshop of a series of capacity building activities within a project funded by the European Union, and implemented by the ICMPD. The previous training workshops were dedicated to project development skills and understanding of the legal frameworks pertaining to asylum and international protection.

Mr. Hasan Ben Nnouwarah, Member of the Libyan National Team for Border Security and Management, underlined the importance of the ongoing excellent and constructive cooperation with the ICMPD and the European Union. He stated that this workshop will continue to prepare the Libyan CSOs to fulfill their parts of the duties towards Libya. Dr. Mohamed Kriaa, ICMPD Team Leader, emphasized the ICMPD support to the new generations of Libyan CSOs to create evidence-based, coordinated and sustainable migration policies.

With the European Union funding, the ICMPD is supporting the Libyan administration at central and local levels, as well as Libyan civil society and academia, in their efforts to develop the necessary prerequisites for effective migration governance. Project activities focus on improving migration management, assisting the Libyan administration in improving the structures, mechanisms and procedures related to migration governance and supporting Libya’s reintegration into regional and international dialogues on migration.

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Mon, 29 Oct 2018 14:01:43 +0100
Project News: MC2CM launched the second phase of the project in Vienna, Austria https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-mc2cm-launched-the-second-phase-of-the-project-in-vienna-austria/ From 17-18 October, the Mediterranean City-to-City Migration Project (MC2CM) launched its 2nd...

On 17 October, participants were presented with an overview of the project proposal and the work plan. In this framework, presentations were given by the partners’ consortium about the peer learning methodology, as well as the City Migration Profiles. An interactive workshop also took place, where participants attempted to answer the question of how information is shared among actors that interact with migrant populations within their city, taking the example of the City of Madrid.

The workshop followed with an interactive brainstorming session, where participants were asked to list their priorities for the peer-to-peer meetings for the second phase. The methodology of the thematic MC2CM Peer-to-Peer meetings was presented. Its aim is to enhance the quality of the exchanges, discussion and learnings of the meetings and to maximise the use of the time available. It also aimed at supporting the structure of outputs of the meeting both for participants to use and for the advocacy efforts of the partner’s organisations. Furthermore, an overview of the administrative and financial rules was presented in order to inform participants about how the logistics of the meetings will be carried out.

On 18 and 19 October, participants were invited to attend the Vienna Migration Conference, where UCLG Secretary General, Ms Emilia Saiz represented the voice of cities. Mr Michael Spindelegger, DG of ICMPD, and Ms Emilia Saiz, on behalf of UCLG signed a letter of intent to continue their fruitful collaboration on migration.

The 2nd phase of the MC2CM Project will be running from 2018 to 2021 and will continue being carried out by the partner consortium where ICMPD is the implementing agency, along with UCLG and UN-Habitat as partner agencies, being funded by the EU and SDC.

More information on the Mediterranean-City-to-City Migration project can be found here.

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Wed, 24 Oct 2018 16:09:54 +0200
Project News: FReM II Closing Conference hosted by BAMF in Nuremberg https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-frem-ii-closing-conference-hosted-by-bamf-in-nuremberg/ On 23rd October 2018 the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF) hosted the Closing... The conference served the purpose of presenting the final outcomes of the FReM II project. During its implementation period from September 2016 until October 2018, FReM II supported Member States to further implement Article 8(6) of the EU Return Directive, requiring them to provide for ‘effective forced-return monitoring systems’. Furthermore, the project supported Frontex in implementing Article 29 of the European Border and Coast Guard (EBCG) Regulation that requires Frontex to ‘constitute a pool of forced-return monitors’ and MSs to contribute to this Pool.

During various practical demonstrations, participants were provided with an interactive insight into selected FReM II key outputs. They participated in a training session from the course for forced-return monitors; in a session from the training of trainers for forced-return monitors; and in an information session on the current functioning of the pool of forced-return monitors.

FReM II was implemented by ICMPD in co-operation with the 15 partner states: Austria, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Finland, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Latvia, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Portugal, Romania, Sweden and Switzerland, and in close coordination with Frontex, and FRA. It was co-funded by the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF) of the European Union.

Download agenda of the closing conference here.

More information on FReM II can be found here.

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Tue, 23 Oct 2018 14:58:04 +0200
Project News: EUBAM Libya and ICMPD sign Memorandum of Understanding https://www.icmpd.org//news-centre/news-detail/project-news-eubam-libya-and-icmpd-sign-memorandum-of-understanding/ A strategic Partnership Memorandum of Understanding between the European Union Border Assistance...

EUBAM Libya, established pursuant to Council Decision 2013/233/CSFP of 22 May 2013 as amended, was officially invited by the Libyan authorities to develop a comprehensive national Integrated Border Management strategy. This will also serve as the basis for future projects to be implemented in the broader context of integrated border management in Libya and in responsea Concept Note towards a White Paper was composed. 

It is envisaged that EUBAM’s current planning mandate referring to capacity building in the area of border management will be reformed and turned into an operational and more project orientated engagement. This will require a closer coordination of EU funds under the general coordination of EUBAM.

ICMPD is to promote innovative, comprehensive and sustainable migration policies and will function as a service exchange mechanism for governments and organisations under the international agreement on the Establishment and Functioning of the ICMPD (Vienna, 1 June 1993). ICMPD is already running projects in Libya, inter alia “Strategic and institutional management of migration in Libya”.

Both signatories expressed their intention to assist each-other in order to achieve their mutual goals, and to closely cooperate in projects including but not limited to assisting in the drafting of and providing technical expertise in the coordination of the White Paper.

The signed MoU will serve as a solid framework for mutual cooperation and information sharing in order to avoid duplication of efforts, to enhance efficiency and to safeguard EU Budgetary spending.

More information about EUBAM can be found here. 

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Mon, 22 Oct 2018 14:27:48 +0200