Ongoing Projects

Study on Trafficking Resilience and Vulnerability en route to Europe (STRIVE)

The STRIVE project is an 18-month research project on trafficking in persons (TIP) along the migrant and refugee routes to the EU during the period 2015-2017, as well as on vulnerabilities to trafficking and factors of resilience to trafficking. The geographical scope of the research is Bulgaria, Greece, Hungary, Macedonia and Serbia, the main transit countries and countries of first arrival in the EU along the Western Balkan route, with field research also conducted in Germany, the most important country of destination, and Italy, the country of first arrival in the EU along the Central Mediterranean route.  

The main research question of the STRIVE study is: what is the incidence of trafficking and what are the vulnerabilities and factors of resilience to trafficking among people making the irregular migration journey to Europe? The affected populations who will be covered in the study are children (both unaccompanied and travelling with their families) and adults from non-EU countries who take the journey by sea and/or overland through the Western Balkans and the Central Mediterranean to Europe.


Objective:The overall goal of the project is to provide more and better knowledge of trafficking in persons in the context of irregular migratory routes to Europe, in order to inform actions to prevent further cases of trafficking, identify and protect victims and prosecute perpetrators.

Objective 1: To increase the reliability of data and provide the knowledge base to inform actions to address trafficking and vulnerability to trafficking among asylum applicants and migrants en route to Europe.

Objective 2: To significantly improve policy and operational responses in the countries under study in the areas of trafficking prevention, protection and prosecution, based on the research findings and recommendations.

Duration: 1 October 2017 – 31 March 2019 (18 months)

Implementing agency: International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD)

Donor: US Department of State Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (J/TIP)



Full project description (PDF)

Trafficking along Migration Routes (TRAM): Identification and Integration of Victims of Trafficking among Vulnerable Groups and Unaccompanied Children

Objective:The main project objective is to support and enable the integration of victims of trafficking among vulnerable migrants and refugees, including separated and unaccompanied children, by establishing a multidisciplinary and transnational approach for early identification, referral, service provision and protection in the context of the current migration and asylum processes in transit and destination countries along the migration route, in particular Austria, Bulgaria, Finland, Germany, Greece and Sweden.

Duration: January 2017 – August 2018 (20 months)

Implementing agency: International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD)

Donors: The main project donor is the European Union (Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund). The project is co-funded by the Austrian Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs.
Project partners and co-funding donors:

  • Council of the Baltic Sea States Secretariat (CBSS)
  • Greek National Centre for Social Solidarity (EKKA)
  • La Strada International (LSI)
  • Bulgarian National Commission to Combat Trafficking in Human Beings (NCCTHB)
  • Terre des hommes (Tdh)
Beneficiaries: Migration, asylum and anti-trafficking authorities (police, frontline responders, social services, labour inspectors, healthcare workers, NGOs) in 6 EU Member States (Austria, Bulgaria, Greece, Finland, Germany and Sweden).

Long-term beneficiaries: trafficked children and adults, and refugees and migrants, including separated and unaccompanied children, at risk of trafficking in the context of the current migration and asylum processes in the EU.


Assessment of the Impact of the Syrian War and Refugee Crisis on Trafficking in Persons (AIS-TIP)

Objective: The overall goal of the research project is to increase and enhance knowledge of the impact of the Syrian war and refugee crisis on trafficking in persons (TIP) in Syria and the region (Lebanon, Jordan, Southern Turkey and Northern Iraq).

  • Specific objective 1: to provide reliable knowledge and data necessary to inform emergency and short-term actions to address trafficking in persons and vulnerability to trafficking among those displaced or otherwise affected by the Syrian conflict
  • Specific objective 2: to formulate recommendations for mid- to long-term anti-trafficking activities in the areas of prevention, protection and prosecution to meet the needs of identified and unidentified victims of trafficking, as well as other groups vulnerable to TIP in the region and beyond
  • Specific objective 3: to disseminate the findings and recommendations of the research broadly among policymakers and other relevant stakeholders in order to provide the necessary knowledge base for appropriate responses
Summary: The aim of the proposed research project is to assess the impact of the Syrian war and refugee crisis on TIP in Syria and the surrounding region. The project will produce a comprehensive research report detailing and analysing this impact in Syria and the neighbouring countries most affected by refugee inflows, and making feasible recommendations to respond to its findings. The assessment will build upon information and estimates already collected by relevant actors, including UN agencies, and, through publication and dissemination of the report, will contribute to strengthening the response to TIP by relevant actors operating in the region.

The countries and regions that will be the focus of the assessment are selected on the basis of the magnitude of refugee and internal displacement: Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, (Northern) Iraq and (Southern) Turkey. The present assessment proposes to apply an interdisciplinary methodology, dividing the research into preparatory, field research, analysis and dissemination phases. It will combine primary research in the field with secondary desk research and remote consultations, and will combine qualitative and quantitative empirical research methods to obtain and assess data and information. The methodology will be developed in such a way that it can be replicated at a later date to facilitate longitudinal research on the topic, and adapted so that it can be applied in a different region.
Implementing Agency: ICMPD

Donor: U.S. Department of State, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (J/TIP)

Duration: September 2014December 2015

Countries Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq and Turkey


Fight against Trafficking in Human Beings and Organised Crime – Phase 2

Objectives: The project has the following three objectives:

  • improve victim identification, protection and assistance by strengthening national and transnational referral mechanisms
  • increase prosecutions of traffickers by enhancing national and transnational law enforcement cooperation and increasing the capacities of law enforcement, judiciary and NGO staff to address and fight THB more efficiently
  • enhance coordination and cooperation among key actors by improving partnerships between relevant EU and non-EU actors.
Summary: The project is being implemented in the framework of the Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace (IcSP), which succeeds the Instrument for Stability (IfS) and is one of the key external assistance instruments that enables the European Union to take a lead in helping to prevent and respond to actual or emerging crises around the world. Building on the achievements of the project 'Fight against Trafficking in Human Beings Phase 1' implemented in Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Moldova and Turkey from January 2013 to September 2014, the project seeks to contribute to the prevention of and fight against transnational organised crime, particularly in relation to trafficking in human beings (THB), by providing the participating countries with policy, legal and technical expertise and knowledge. 

Implementing Agencies: ICMPD in cooperation with FEI (France Expertise Internationale) and FIIAPP (International Foundation of Administration and Public Policies of Spain)

Donor: European Union

September 2014September 2017

Albania, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Moldova, Pakistan and Turkey



Migrações Transfronteiriças: Strengthening the Capacity of the Brazilian Federal Government to Manage New Migratory Flows (MT Brazil)

Objective: The overall objective is to strengthen the capacity of the Brazilian Federal Government to better manage migratory flows through focusing on assistance and labour integration of vulnerable groups, such as returnees, migrants and actual and potential victims of trafficking. More specifically, the project seeks to:


  • strengthen cooperation between Brazil and EU Member States in view of transferring skills, capacities and resources
  • strengthen the capacity of the Brazilian Federal Government to develop policies and programmes targeting Brazilian returnees, labour migrants and victims of trafficking
  • foster links between migration and development by maximising the benefits of immigrants' and returnees' skills and qualifications.
Implementing Agency: ICMPD

National Immigration Council, Ministry of Labour and Employment, Brazil (CNIg); National Secretariat of Justice, Ministry of Justice, Brazil (SNJ); Immigration and Borders Service, Ministry of Home Affairs, Portugal (SEF)

Donors: European Union; Ministry of Labour and Employment, Brazil; Ministry of Justice, Brazil

Duration: July 2013December 2015

Country: Brazil



In addition to the Competence Centre for Trafficking in Human Beings, ICMPD's Brussels Mission, through its MIEUX II programme, carries out capacity building projects that deal with the fight against trafficking in human beings.