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October 2015 Monthly Update
In this issue In the spotlight: The fight against trafficking in human beings

The EU Anti-Trafficking Day on 18 October provides an annual opportunity for policy makers and the general public to critically reflect upon the response to trafficking in human beings. Many states still face challenges in identifying trafficked persons, providing them with adequate assistance, prosecuting perpetrators and measuring the overall impact of such actions. ICMPD’s Anti-Trafficking Programme implements numerous initiatives globally that support capacity building, policy development and evidence-based research. In this issue of our monthly newsletter, we take a closer look at our work on THB and feature a commentary on the impact of the war in Syria on trafficking. 

Journeys of vulnerability from Syria to Europe
Addressing the vulnerability of people affected by the Syrian crisis is necessary to prevent their exploitation at the hands of human traffickers, ICMPD’s anti-trafficking experts explain in a new blog post. A coordinated response across all stages of their journey is needed: in Syria and the region, this means providing access to basic needs and services for refugees to prevent low-level forms of trafficking. The current reliance on migrant smugglers can be addressed through safe travel options and more resettlement. In Europe, facilitating access to the regular labour market for refugees and enhancing the role of labour inspectorates will prevent exploitation in the irregular economy. 

Read the full article  |  Our work on Syria

Assistance to migrants and victims of trafficking at Brazilian land borders 

With almost 17 thousand kilometres, Brazil’s land borders are the 3rd longest in the world, the majority of which consists of remote areas, where migratory flows are hard to manage. ICMPD has conducted extensive field research for a baseline study identifying movement trends as well as possible assistance needs of migrants, especially people vulnerable to trafficking and exploitation. In mid-September, ICMPD held the first of eight multi-stakeholder workshops that will be offered in Brazilian border regions in the coming months, sharing the research findings.

Preliminary research findings  |  Project: Migrações Transfronteiriças

National Anti-Trafficking Coordinators in South Eastern Europe continue work

Concern about the prevalence of trafficking within mixed migration flows transiting South Eastern Europe (SEE) was voiced by National Anti-Trafficking Coordinators (NATCs) during consultations with ICMPD. The current situation in the region, with mass movements, including potential refugees and economic migrants, provides opportunities for organised crime to exploit the vulnerability of migrants for profit. Authorities in the region are overwhelmed. ICMPD has continued to support the development of a coordinated regional response through meetings of NATCs from SEE, as well as recommending potential measures to identify and combat trafficking in the region. The next meeting will take place in Stockholm on 3-4 November. 

Past NATC meeting reports  |  Follow @ICMPD_THB on twitter

New strategic organised crime threat assessment tool developed for Moldova

One of the key steps for an effective law enforcement response to trafficking in human beings, before arrests or investigations can be made, is identifying strategic priorities based on an in-depth analysis of the threat of this crime. The Moldovan Centre for Combating Trafficking in Persons took such a step in summer 2015 by developing a Serious and Organised Crime Threat Assessment (SOCTA) report on THB. ICMPD supported Moldovan police officers to draft the report through two workshops organised under the project 'Fight against Trafficking in Human Beings and Organised Crime - Phase 2 THB/IFS/2'. 

More about the project  |   Training manual: Human Trafficking - How to investigate it

Steps towards establishment of an operational network of labour inspectorates

ICMPD continued to support the development of a European network of labour inspectorates in cooperation with the UK Gangmasters Licensing Authority (GLA) during a recent meeting hosted at the Milan Expo in mid-September. The meeting progressed activity towards the establishment of an operational network of labour inspectorates as well as considering the likely impact of the recent refugee crisis on trafficking cases for inspectors. The meeting brought together European labour inspectors, who had previously met at an ICMPD-GLA event in Vienna in March.

Event report  |  Our ongoing projects on THB

More about our work and publications on trafficking in human beings

Photo credits: AbhujutKarGupta, CC Ernop via Flickr

Connect with us Other news from ICMPD

Michael Spindelegger elected Director General

ICMPD’s governing body, the Steering Group, announced on 30 September that Michael Spindelegger has been elected as the new Director General of the International Centre for Migration Policy Development. He will take office for 5 years in January 2016, when the term of Acting Director General Gabriela Abado expires. In this leadership role, Mr Spindelegger will define the strategic direction of ICMPD and have the full managerial responsibility for the organisation. 

Read the press release    |  About  ICMPD 

Six more options for EU-Western Balkans cooperation to manage the migration and refugee crisis
Thousands of people have used the Western Balkans route to reach Europe this year. Ministers from most countries affected by the crisis are meeting on 8 October in Luxembourg to discuss the situation along this path. Ahead of this key meeting, ICMPD experts Martin Wagner and Martijn Pluim analysed the EU response to the refugee crisis so far and make six recommendations for better cooperation between the EU and the Western Balkans. They also underline that "integration of the region into the wider EU policy on managing the current flows and challenges is key".

Read the blog  |  More articles

ICMPD input for the EU-Africa summit on migration in Valletta

Countries of origin, transit and destination need to work together to find responses to the current refugee crisis. European and African leaders will meet on 11-12 November to address the current challenges but also to reap the opportunities that migration offers. This summit will build on existing cooperation frameworks between the EU and Africa, particularly the Rabat and Khartoum processes, and the EU-Africa Dialogue on Migration and Mobility. ICMPD is implementing support projects for these dialogue processes and has published two short papers with inputs for the summit. 

Suggestions for the summit’s action plan  |  Analysis of existing political commitments 

The refugee crisis outside of Europe is much worse

Millions of Syrians have fled their homes in the past four years, fearing violence, sexual abuse, child abuse, forced conscription and death. But most of them remain nearby: about 4.5 million Syrians are in Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq. In this blog article, ICMPD Research Officer Claire Healy comments on the situation in these countries and outlines what Europe can do to help: step up its refugee resettlement programmes. 

Go to the article  |  Our work on Syria

Distribution key: when, who and where to?

Before EU member states approved the European Commission's proposal for the relocation of 120.000 refugees within Europe at the end of September with a majority vote, we saw heated debates about 'quota'. ICMPD's Programme Manager for Asylum, Martin Wagner, analysed the details of the contentious proposal in a blog article and points out that the emergency relocation quota would  lead to an even more unequal distribution of refugees in Europe. ICMPD has also updated last year's paper on responsibility sharing 

Read the blog   |  Download the paper 

More news from ICMPD...

Current vacancies Latest publications

MIgration EU eXpertise 2009-2015. Advancing migration cooperation with partner countries through demand-driven, peer-to-peer expertise: Lessons learnt and good practices 

There is no doubt that migration and mobility can represent powerful positive forces for development, if appropriate policies are adopted and implemented. Capacity building in the area of migration has long been regarded as critical. This new publication presents good practices and lessons learnt from the initiative MIgration EU eXpertise - MIEUX, an innovative and pioneering migration experts’ facility with the aim of enhancing the capacities of authorities from EU partner countries.

Download the report in English or in French 

ICMPD in the media Upcoming events

16 October

GFMD side event 'The Role of Regional Migration Dialogues and the Global Migration & Development Agenda' in Istanbul, Turkey

19-23 October

ENIGMMA: Migration Studies Week in Tbilisi, Georgia

21-22 October

ITHACA: Conference on 'Migrant Integration and Transnational Mobility: Drivers and Obstacles' in Florence, Italy

More events...