Before the entry into force of the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons specially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (Palermo Protocol), most countries did not comprehensively criminalize trafficking, which left victims unidentified and offenders unpunished – human trafficking was occurring with impunity. Even though countries have today introduced anti-trafficking legislation, impunity remains widespread.
About PP TI
On 2 August 2012, the Ministry of Interior and Administration of the Republic of Poland and the European Commission signed a contract for implementation of the project “Support for the Implementation of the Prague Process and Its Action Plan”, better known as the Prague Process Targeted Initiative (PP TI).
The overall objective of the project was to enhance cooperation in the area of migration and asylum between the countries of the European Union, the Schengen Area, the Eastern Partnership, the Western Balkans and Central Asia, as well as Russia and Turkey, through supporting the implementation of the Prague Process and its Action Plan 2012–2016.
- To ensure continued expert-level dialogue and targeted information exchange among states participating in the Prague Process, on the topics identified in the Prague Process Action Plan;
- To maintain, update and/or further improve the BMP knowledge base, through the gathering of information in the form of Migration Profiles (Light) for countries participating in the Prague Process;
- To implement, following the rationale of the Global Approach to Migration and Mobility and the Prague Process Action Plan, seven concrete initiatives (Pilot Projects), in the following areas:
- Preventing and fighting illegal migration;
- Promoting readmission, voluntary return and sustainable reintegration;
- Addressing legal migration and mobility with a special emphasis on labour migration;
- Making migration and mobility positive forces for development;
- Strengthening capacities in the areas of asylum and international protection.
The continuous cooperation between the Prague Process National Contact Points and organization of expert-level thematic meetings strengthened the dialogue and information exchange between the participating states. The Knowledge Base, consisting mainly of migration profiles (light) participating states was expanded significantly.
The implementation of seven Pilot Projects in the above-mentioned areas represented another important result of the PP TI. The first four Pilot Projects were implemented in the period 2012 – 2014, whereas the Addendum signed in December 2013 allowed for development of three new Pilot Projects further implemented in 2014 - 2015. Activities undertaken within the Pilot Projects were coordinated with the work of the Eastern Partnership Panel for Migration and Asylum. The Pilot projects resulted in the elaboration of six thematic Handbooks.
With the endorsement of the Joint Declaration during the 3rd Prague Process Ministerial Conference in Bratislava on 20 September 2016, the PP states extended the political mandate of the PP to the period 2017-2021.
The project initially foreseen for three years was eventually extended to 59 months until 30 June 2017. The PP TI was officially concluded at a Closing Ceremony at DG DEVCO in Brussels on 13 June 2017.