Migration Communication Campaigns: The state of the practice and an open database

Published February 2024

#Migration Narratives and Public Opinion

Migration Outlook report: Electoral promises and quick fixes, asylum offshoring, and labour migration’s coming of age

Press release

Published January 2024

Summary

In a year full of European, national, and regional elections, the International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD) expects migration to be a pivotal topic. While many governments implement quick fixes ahead of their electoral cycles, opposition parties are tying their campaigns to migration-related promises. ICMPD’s 2024 Migration Outlook report forecasts record displacement levels resulting from war and conflict, leading to a further securitization of migration and offshoring of asylum procedures, as well as a rise in secondary movements. These developments are taking place while labour migration is ‘coming of age’ in Europe.

ICMPD Migration Outlook 2024

Published January 2024

Summary

ICMPD’s Migration Outlook presents a brief analysis of recent migration and policy trends and provides an outlook on developments and events to watch out for in 2024.

Global Refugee Forum 2023

Speech / Document

Published December 2023

Global

#Asylum and International Protection #Migration Dialogues #Legal Migration

Budapest Process Annual Senior Officials Meeting with a special celebration of the 30 years anniversary of the dialogue

Speech

Published December 2023

Türkiye

#Migration and Development

European Commission Vice-President Schinas & Migration Ministers to feature at Vienna Migration Conference 2023

Press release

Published October 2023

Austria

#Asylum and International Protection #Migration Dialogues #Irregular Migration

Communication on irregular migration

Study

Published October 2023

Malta

#Migration Narratives and Public Opinion

Summary

Public communication has the potential to do enormous good for humanity. Regarding migration, public communication can be used to meet widely agreed-upon policy objectives such as safe, orderly, and regular migration. Moreover, it can help governments uphold democratic legal- and rights-based policy frameworks against nefarious forces and contribute to maximising the potential benefits and minimising the potential costs of migration to origin, transit, and host country populations, as well as to migrants themselves. In line with ongoing research from the International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD) and the EUROMED Migration programme on how to use public communication to re-balance migration narratives and protect the rights, safety, and opportunities of migrants, this report asks how we can use persuasive communication to achieve policy goals regarding irregular migration. It gathers lessons learned and provides practical recommendations, with a particular focus on the Euro-Mediterranean region and the activities of the European Union.

Creative approaches to boosting the employment of displaced Ukrainians in Central and Eastern Europe

Policy Brief

Published September 2023

Austria / Czechia / Estonia / Germany / Latvia / Lithuania / Poland

#Temporary Protection #Integration #Labour Market

Summary

Employment is a vital strategy for refugees from Ukraine seeking to rebuild their lives abroad or sustain themselves until it is safe to return. To this end, the first-ever activation of the EU Temporary Protection Directive provides for immediate access to the EU labour market. However, this is not the only innovation that has emerged since the seismic events of spring 2022, and represents but the first step in facilitating the employment of refugees from Ukraine.

Civil society organisations, private sector actors, and individual volunteers are all playing an active role in helping newcomers to find employment. For their part, many national, regional, and local governments from across Europe have responded with creative approaches. This briefing note details government approaches to boosting employment adopted or adapted in the wake of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022. It focuses on receiving countries in Central and Eastern Europe, which have received a large share of Ukrainian refugees, but, in many cases, have limited recent experience with receiving humanitarian migrants.

Local networking for the integration of forced migrants: Key insights from the TRAFIG project

Policy Brief

Published September 2023

Global

#Policy #Integration #Humanitarian Protection

Summary

New displacement in 2022 pushed the number of people forcibly displaced globally to more than 108 million – more than the populations of Italy and Spain combined. Many forced migrants find themselves in ‘protracted displacement’ situations, where they experience long-term vulnerability, dependency, and legal insecurity, lacking or denied opportunities to rebuild their lives. The EU-funded Transnational Figurations of Displacement (TRAFIG) research project investigated why people fall into protracted displacement situations and what coping strategies they use, with a focus on networks and mobility. Over the course of three years, the TRAFIG team engaged with more than 3,100 people, including displaced persons, policymakers, and practitioners in 11 countries across East Africa, Europe, and the Middle East. This included a survey of 1,900 displaced persons: Congolese persons displaced within the DRC and people who moved from their countries of origin to Ethiopia, Greece, Italy, Jordan, and Pakistan.

TRAFIG research findings underscored the importance of networks for displaced persons looking to secure a sustainable future and for policymakers and practitioners looking to support them, including when it comes to their integration. This paper highlights the role of local networking in settling in and shares how humanitarian, development, and integration actors can take these findings on board in the search for more sustainable solutions to global displacement.

Report on the Baseline Study on Migration Data Management in Azerbaijan

Study

Published September 2023

Azerbaijan

#Capacity Development #Mobility Partnership #Cross Cutting Topics

Summary

A Baseline Study on Migration Data Management in Azerbaijan has been published by the EU-funded MOBILAZE 2 project. The study was conducted by ICMPD and EU member states’ experts. The main objective of this study is to provide comprehensive insight into the current state and practices of migration data management in the Republic of Azerbaijan, with a particular focus on the existing procedures and tools available for data collection, analysis, and application. The particular gaps and needs observed in this regard are then laid out and recommendations for improvement are given. The MOBILAZE 2 project team would like to thank all participating Azerbaijani state institutions who gave their valuable insight and recommendations for this study. 

Germany’s Western Balkans Regulation: Inspiration for facilitating refugee labour mobility?

Policy Brief

Published July 2023

Germany / Western Balkan

Summary

Complementary pathways provide an avenue for refugees to take up a job in another country, enabling them to use their skills to forge a sustainable future and helping to meet employer and labour market needs in countries of destination. Germany’s Western Balkans Regulation provides a model for the expansion of refugee labour mobility in Germany and other EU countries. Developed with an annual cap and a particular scope, such as a geographic focus on one or more third countries or on specific labour market sectors, an expansion of this approach would ease mobility requirements for people in need of protection who have secured a job offer. The possible expansion of the Regulation’s model to reach people in need of protection has the potential to introduce fresh ideas and positive change to EU migration and asylum policy more broadly.

 

Authors

Martin Wagner, Caitlin Katsiaficas & Gizem Güzelant (ICMPD)

Responding to displacement from Ukraine: Options to remain when EU temporary protection ends

Working Paper

Published July 2023

Summary

Temporary protection for people fleeing Ukraine has an end date: March 2025 at the latest. To promote and support a discussion of post-temporary protection strategies at the EU level, ICMPD has published a second discussion paper exploring potential policy options, with a focus on those enabling temporary protection beneficiaries to remain in the EU. It highlights the aspirations of Ukrainians to remain or return, as identified in various surveys; calculates the potential impact of a status change on national asylum and immigration permit systems; looks at potential special statuses for this group; and identifies relevant lessons learned from Brexit. This paper builds on a March 2023 discussion paper, which also aimed to contribute food for thought on ways to exit from temporary protection, which was published under a joint ICMPD-IGC initiative on “Continuation of and exit strategies from temporary protection and similar arrangements.”

Is Climate Change a Driver of Mobility? A Mapping of Perceptions in Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia

Study

Published June 2023

Egypt / Morocco / Tunisia

Summary

The intensity and pace of climate change is a source of concern worldwide. Weather-related events are taking an increasingly heavy and obvious toll, pressing policy-makers to act decisively to safeguard natural resources and to protect populations from harm.

Against this backdrop, it has become routine for the public discourse to associate climate change and its impacts with migration and mobility. In Europe and the global north in general, climate change is often perceived as precipitating a new stage of large-scale mobility from developing countries. The occurrence of floods, droughts and other natural disasters and the resulting population displacement, contributes to cement the assumption that climate change and mobility are two sides of the same coin.

The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is facing severe climate risks. In fact, scientific projections indicate that the region is warming up faster than the global average, exposing local populations to a series of threats directly and indirectly associated with climate change. However, the migration and mobility implications of this phenomenon have been contentious. Indeed, measuring climate mobility is fraught with challenges, from assessing people’s propensity to migrate to identifying obstacles to movement.

This study aims to consider the various perceptions and narratives surrounding climate mobility in three different countries: Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia. Based on key stakeholder interviews, this work aims to provide policy-makers with pointers to understand how the public discussion on the climate mobility nexus is progressing in these countries. The research focuses on exposing people’s perceptions of climate impacts and how these perceptions shape decision-making mechanisms related to mobility. In doing so it aims to uncover the complex and singular realities that current reporting on climate mobility tends to mask.

 

Tapping displaced talent: Policy options for EU complementary pathways

Policy Brief

Published June 2023

EU

Summary

The talent that refugees possess is often overlooked in policy and public discussions. Skills-based policies such as complementary labour pathways, which facilitate refugee labour mobility, can bring tangible benefits for refugees, receiving employers and economies, and countries of first asylum. This policy brief, based on desk research and interviews with dozens of stakeholders, shares policy options for expanding complementary labour pathways in the EU.

Institutional Statement by ICMPD on “Frag den Staat” reporting

Document

Published May 2023

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