Migration Dialogues

Migration dialogues are successful tools to foster governmental discussions and enhance inter-state dialogue in the current debate on migration policy issues. They also contribute to the reinforcement of international migration cooperation, which facilitates the development of regional (European) and global concepts and systems for more manageable migration.


In various forms, ICMPD is tasked with support and secretariat functions for several migration dialogues, connecting Europe, its Eastern neighbours and Asia (Budapest Process and Prague Process on the one hand, and Europe, Africa and the Middle East (MTM Dialogue, EUROMED Migration IVRabat Process and Khartoum Process) on the other. Each migration dialogue has its own operative framework, agenda and thematic priorities, as well as geographic coverage and participation.


Budapest Process

The Budapest Process is an informal intergovernmental dialogue established in 1993 with ICMPD in the role of secretariat since 1994. The process covers countries of the European Union, Wider Europe and Southern Asia, comprising more than 50 governments and 10 international organisations and aims at developing comprehensive and sustainable systems for orderly migration. Specifically, its purpose is to facilitate the exchange of information and best practices in dealing with topics such as regular and irregular migration, asylum, visa, border management, trafficking in human beings and smuggling of migrants, readmission, return, etc.


Prague Process

The Prague Process, which began in 2009, is a migration dialogue that covers the countries of Europe and Central Asia. ICMPD hosts the organisational support team, which provides the organisational and substantial assistance to the leading states. The objectives of this migration dialogue are to strengthen cooperation in migration management and to explore and develop agreed-upon principles and elements for close migration partnerships between the participating countries. The Joint Declaration outlines the following five areas for cooperation: 1) preventing and fighting illegal migration, 2) readmission, voluntary return and sustainable reintegration, 3) legal migration with a special emphasis on labour migration, 4) integration of legally residing migrants and 5) migration, mobility and development.


MTM Dialogue

Since its inception in 2002, ICMPD has hosted the Secretariat of the informal and intergovernmental MTM Dialogue. Anchored to ICMPD’s Southern Dimension, the MTM Dialogue is a flexible, technical, consultative platform between migration officials in countries of origin, transit and destination along the migration routes in Africa, Europe and the Middle East. Initially focusing on transit migration, the MTM has extended its scope over the years to cover a broad range of migration management issues, including the thematic areas of irregular and mixed migration, as well as migration and development.


EUROMED Migration IV

EUROMED Migration IV is a migration dialogue that seeks to foster cooperation on migratory issues between the ENI South partner countries and EU countries, as well as among ENI South partner countries themselves. In addition, it assists partner countries in their efforts to govern international migration.


Rabat Process

The Rabat Process is a migration dialogue that was founded in July 2006 in Rabat to bring together African and European countries to discuss and develop pragmatic and balanced approaches to dealing with migration and development issues. Today the Rabat Process has more than 60 African and European participants and is carrying out the Dakar Strategy that was developed at Third Euro-African Ministerial Conference in November 2011.


Khartoum Process

The Khartoum Process is a platform for political cooperation that engages East Africa, the countries of the Horn of Africa and European partners, especially on anti-trafficking and the smuggling of migrants. In 2017, the Khartoum Process widened its thematic scope to include issues related to border management, unaccompanied minors and international protection.