Prague Process


The Prague Process is a political initiative that developed out of the 'Building Migration Partnerships (BMP)' Ministerial Conference, which took place in Prague on 28 April 2009. At this conference, the participating states adopted the BMP Joint Declaration on principles and initiatives for promoting close migration partnerships. Moreover, the participating states agreed to do so through a comprehensive, balanced and pragmatic approach that respects the human rights of migrants and their family members, as well as of refugees. The text of the BMP Joint Declaration was prepared by the participating states with the active participation of several EU bodies and international organisations. Specifically, the Joint Declaration established the following five areas as a basis for cooperation:

  • preventing and fighting illegal migration
  • integration of legally residing migrants
  • readmission, voluntary return and sustainable reintegration
  • migration, mobility and development
  • legal migration with a special emphasis on labour migration.
The main aim of the Prague Process has been to promote migration partnerships between the states of the European Union/Shengen area, Western Balkans, Eastern Partnership, and Central Asia, as well as Russia and Turkey, in line with the Global Approach to Migration and Mobility (GAMM), which constitutes the overarching framework for the external dimension of EU migration policy. The Process is led by Poland, while the Core Group, comprised of 15 states, the European Commission and ICMPD, supports the Senior Officials Meetings.  The Senior Officials group constitutes the decisive body of the Prague Process.

The Prague Process Action Plan 2012–2016 adopted during the Ministerial Conference: Building Migration Partnerships in Action in Poznan on 4 November 2011 outlines 22 concrete activities in 6 thematic areas to be implemented during that period. The preparatory meetings for the Action Plan resulted in extending the thematic scope of the Process's agenda to the area of asylum and vulnerable groups, which evolved into an independent area of further cooperation. From 2012–2016, Poland and six other leading states are implementing the EU-funded initiative 'Support for the Implementation of the Prague Process and its Action Plan' also known as the 'Prague Process Targeted Initiative (PP TI)'. This initiative is led by Poland together with the Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Romania, Slovakia and Sweden, who also take the lead in the pilot projects of PP TI.  In addition to the PP TI project, Poland also supports the Prague Process financially on an ad hoc basis and organises/hosts Core Group meetings. ICMPD serves as the Prague Process Secretariat and the Support Team of the Prague Process Targeted Initiative.