As of 2018, the following states are participants of the Prague Process: Albania, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kosovo*, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Malta, Montenegro, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Moldova, Romania, the Russian Federation, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, the United Kingdom and Uzbekistan.

In addition, various EU bodies, such as the European Commission (DG HOME, DG DEVCO, DG NEAR), European External Action Service (EEAS) Europol, European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex) and the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) actively participate in the Prague Process. International organisations, such as ICMPD, IOM, MARRI and UNHCR, also take part. The Prague Process also increasingly engages with academia and the non-governmental sector, especially within the Pilot projects carried out in the past and in the framework of the newly established Migration Observatory East.

* This designation is without prejudice to positions on status and is in line with UNSC 1244 and the ICJ Opinion on the Kosovo Declaration of Independence.