European and Global Initiatives

Reverse Migration - Supporting Sustainable Return of Migrants through Private-Public Multi-Stakeholder Partnerships (SUPREM)

Background: SUPREM is a pilot project, developed by ICMPD in response to growing challenges related to the return of irregularly staying third-country nationals. The project puts forward innovative solutions for the benefit of all actors involved, aiming to create a structural framework for Private-Public Partnership (PPP) and multi-stakeholder dialogue to foster sustainable and dignified return and reintegration. 

The project is based on the concept of reverse migration, developed together by ICMPD and its partner the Reverse Migration Association, whereby migrants/ asylum seekers with limited chances of legally staying in Europe, willingly migrate back to their countries of origin, having received substantial incentives to do so, normally in the form of specialised training and employment with European companies already operating or willing to invest in the country of origin.  

For more information please visit the SUPREM webpage.


MIgration EU eXpertise (MIEUX)

MIgration EU eXpertise (MIEUX) is a joint EU-ICMPD initiative strengthening the migration governance capacities of governments in Africa, Asia, the Middle East, and Latin America by mobilising experts from EU member states and other countries. Launched in 2009, MIEUX entered its third phase: MIEUX III (2016–2019).

For more information please visit the MIEUX webpage.


European Return and Reintegration Network (ERRIN)

Objective: ERRIN is a Member States driven initiative facilitating return and reintegration through joint, knowledge-driven and innovative solutions, contributing to a common European approach.

Summary: ERRIN has a broad scope. It concentrates on the following activities:

  • Provide reintegration assistance after (voluntary and forced) return through a network of local service provider.
  • Provide solutions that facilitate the return and reintegration of vulnerable persons.
  • Pursue complementarity and co-ordination with other policy frameworks with a return component. 
  • Manage a “Return Facility” to develop and implement innovative concepts in the field of return and reintegration, involving new stakeholders. 
  • Develop tools to improve pre-departure counselling.
  • Invest in knowledge creation and management to improve understanding of return dynamics and facilitate evidence based project and programme development.

Donors: ERRIN is funded through AMIF Specific Actions. The initial budget is 27 million EUR. The Dutch Repatriation and Departure Service (R&DS) manages this budget on behalf of DG HOME. Co-funding (10%) is provided by the members based on equal share of costs. Next to the core-AMIF-funding, ERRIN can develop and implement activities with different funding. 

Implementing Agency: ICMPD is implementing partner of the programme. ERRIN will be implemented by a central Program Management Unit (PMU) that is based in Brussels. National migration agencies decide the agenda and the priorities. Every Member State is represented in the Management Board and Operational Committee of ERRIN. DG HOME and FRONTEX are members as well.

Duration: January 1, 2018 – June 30, 2020. After the timeframe of 24 months ERRIN will decide together with FRONTEX how best to pursue the activities.

Countries: 15 EU Member States and 2 Schengen Associated Countries expressed their intention to join ERRIN. This membership will be formalised during the first meeting of the Management Board that is foreseen for 13 June 2018. 
ERRIN is an open initiative. Any country can apply to join.


Forced-Return Monitoring II (FReM II)

Objective: To contribute to a functioning EU Return System in line with the EU Return Directive (2008/115/EC), protecting the fundamental rights of returnees through independent and transparent forced-return monitoring based on a common European approach and harmonised procedures.

Summary: The project is implemented in support of the European Border and Coast Guard (EBCG) Regulation, in particular its Article 29 (pool of forced-return monitors) and Article 36 (training of staff involved in return-related tasks). It builds on the results of the previous FReM project and facilitates the further implementation of Article 8(6) of the EU Return Directive in contributing to a functioning EU Return System by supporting the establishment of an independent and transparent forced-return monitoring system based on a common European approach and harmonised procedures. Building on the outcomes of the FReM II project, a sustainable Pool of Forced-Return Monitors will be established within the structures of Frontex – European Border and Coast Guard Agency and equipped with the necessary training and reporting framework. In addition, the national forced-return monitoring systems will be strengthened.

Donors: EU (AMIF fund) and participating countries

Implementing Agency: The project is implemented by ICMPD in co-operation with the partner countries and with the support of Frontex and the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA). 

Duration: 1 September 2016 - 31 October 2018 

Project Partners & Countries: Austria, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Latvia, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Portugal, Romania, Sweden and Switzerland


FReM I outputs: 


Mobility Partnership Facility (MPF)

The Mobility Partnership Facility (MPF) is a new tool supporting Mobility Partnerships (MPs) and Common Agendas on Migration and Mobility (CAMMs). It will support the preparation and implementation of MPs and CAMMs as a rapid tool designed to provide targeted, flexible and tailor-made assistance. The operational implementation of MPs and CAMMs is supported through the MPF.

For more information please visit the MPF webpage.