Developing approaches for enhancing the functionality of the National Referral Mechanisms (NRMs) in the MARRI participants

#Trafficking in human beings

Albania / Bosnia and Herzegovina / Kosovo* ‘All references to Kosovo in this content should be understood to be in the context of United Nations Security Council resolution 1244 (1999). / Montenegro / North Macedonia / Serbia
July 2021 to July 2022
German Corporation for International Cooperation (GIZ)
Migration, Asylum, Refugees Regional Initiative (MARRI)
Implementing Agency
International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD)


Objective: The overall project objective is to develop and disseminate specific approaches for enhancing the functionality of the National Referral Mechanisms for trafficked persons in the MARRI Participants, as well as to pave the ground for practical implementation of the approaches on regional level. The Specific Objectives:
1) To provide the relevant NRM actors in the MARRI participants a streamlined methods, instructions, tools and transferable good practices from other countries for implementation of the recommended approaches in practice; (( OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR), National Referral Mechanisms - Joining Efforts to Protect the Rights of Trafficked Persons: A Practical handbook (second edition, to be published)- Working draft, 24 March 2021. Different & Equal NGO (2020), “Analysis and mapping of National Referral Mechanisms to protect victims of trafficking in human beings in the six MARRI Participants”.
 This designation is without prejudice to positions on status, and is in line with UNSC 1244 and the ICJ Opinion on the Kosovo declaration of independence.))
2) To present the developed approaches to the NRM representatives in the MARRI participants and assess their interest/needs of implementation of the approaches;
3) Based on the expressed needs/interest, to provide the relevant professionals a basic capacity building on how the approaches can be integrated in the NRM mechanisms in the MARRI region.

Summary: In the course of past two decades, the six participants of the Migration, Asylum, Refugees Regional Initiative (MARRI) - have gradually introduced significant and positive changes in their general framework for countering trafficking in human beings (THB). Each has developed wide-ranging and comprehensive anti-trafficking legislative and operational tools; ratified the relevant international and regional anti-trafficking instruments; developed anti-trafficking strategies and national action plans (NAPs) and enacted National Referral Mechanisms (NRMs) and Transnational Referral Mechanisms (TRMs) for identification, assistance and referral of trafficked persons. A recent assessments on functioning of the NRMs identified shortcomings in various aspects of the NRMs functioning across the MARRI region, particularly risk gaps, delays and failures in the identification of victims of trafficking and the provision of their vital protection and support. In response to these findings, the project foresees actions aiming to develop and disseminate specific approaches for enhancing the functionality of the NRMs in the MARRI participants.