European Return and Reintegration Network (ERRIN)

#Return and Reintegration #Reintegration #Return Policy #Return Migration #Country Of Return #Forced Return #Return Assistance #Voluntary Return #Assisted Voluntary Return And Reintegration Programme #Return Decision #Return Migrant #Readmission

Countries
Global / Austria / Belgium / Denmark / Finland / France / Germany / Greece / Italy / Luxembourg / Malta / Netherlands / Norway / Slovenia / Spain / Sweden / Switzerland
Status
Ongoing
Duration
January 2018 to June 2022
Donors
ERRIN is funded through the EU’s Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF-Specific Actions). The Dutch Repatriation and Departure Service (R&DS) manages this budget on behalf of DG HOME. Co-funding (10%) is provided by the members based on equal share of costs.
Partners
The European Commission and the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (EBCGA / FRONTEX) are the strategic partners of the programme and constitute the Management Board along with the European Partner Institutions (EPIs), who drive the ERRIN agenda and priorities. Sixteen European countries currently participate in ERRIN, with membership open to any EU Member State or Schengen-associated country.
Implementing Agency
ICMPD is the implementing partner of the programme, providing expertise and administrative support. ERRIN activities are coordinated by the Brussels-based central Programme Management Unit (PMU).

Summary

The European Return and Reintegration Network (ERRIN) is a network of 16 European partner countries, established to facilitate cooperation between migration authorities. Ensuring that migrants can return to their home countries in a dignified and humane manner is an important part of EU efforts to manage migration. ERRIN is currently operating in 40 countries around the world, offering a wide range of services for returnees and implementing innovative projects that aim at improving joint European reintegration practices.

Under the ERRIN umbrella, European countries are joining forces to help migrants who cannot, or no longer wish to stay in Europe.

Ensuring that migrants can return to their home countries in a dignified, humane and sustainable manner is a key part of EU efforts to manage migration. However, it is operationally challenging. Many aspects cannot be addressed effectively on a national level. That is why EU-wide collaboration is needed to improve both return processes, and quality of support offered to returning migrants.

Operational since mid-2018, the European Return and Reintegration Network (ERRIN) builds on the earlier ERIN Specific Action Programme. 16 European countries currently participate in ERRIN, with membership open to any EU Member State or Schengen-associated country. ERRIN is funded through the European Union Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF), with co-financing from participating national authorities. The Dutch Ministry of Justice and Security (Repatriation & Departure Service) is the lead partner. 

ERRIN is working with four local organisations, the French Office for Immigration and Integration (OFII) and the network of European Reintegration Support Organisations (ERSO), which offer comprehensive assistance for returning migrants. Following the initial aid provided right upon arrival, the reintegration support may involve support for housing, medical treatment, vocational training and educational needs, or setting up a business. ERRIN in currently operating in 34 countries, offering a wide range of services for returnees and implementing innovative projects that aim at improving joint European reintegration practices.

In a nutshell, ERRIN seeks to strengthen cooperation between migration authorities, with the aim of:

•    enabling and improving reintegration through joint contracting of service partners in the countries of return;

•    serving as an ‘innovation hub’ for members to improve practices, share learning and pilot new approaches to return and reintegration;

•    investing in knowledge to improve understanding of return dynamics.

As a core activity, ERRIN provides assistance to persons who return to their countries of origin (‘reintegration assistance’). This is ensured through joint contracting of service partners who provide support and advice to help people get started once back home. In addition to the reintegration programme, ERRIN serves as an innovation hub for members to develop joint projects and improve practices. The aim is to explore shared solutions which will help improve the efficiency of the return process and the quality of support offered to returnees.

Return and reintegration in times of COVID-19

The coronavirus pandemic has brought unprecedented challenges in the field of return and reintegration. COVID-19 response measures had stalled travel globally, hindered the implementation of return procedures and posed serious obstacles for delivery of reintegration assistance in the countries of origin.

For ERRIN, COVID-19 had a major impact on the number of returnees supported by the programme. We estimate that the number of voluntary returns assisted by ERRIN dropped by almost 80% between March and July 2020. This amounts to approximately 2900 people who could not travel back home. A number of new cases during the lockdown period was limited, with 600 new arrivals reported in March 2020.

Through the work of our field partners operating in 34 countries, we could closely monitor the developments and impact COVID-19 had on the reintegration assistance.

ERRIN partners in the field have remained largely operational during the pandemic, with most of the staff across the locations working from home. Some countries, such as Somalia, experienced minor disruptions, while others, like India, Sri Lanka and Nepal, were forced to temporarily suspend their operations. Direct support such as face to face meetings, airport pick-up and field visits remained suspended in most countries. Watch the video below to learn about the specific challenges ERRIN partners had to encounter in different parts of the world.

The impact of COVID-19 on ERRIN

Publications

Take a look at ERRIN publications to learn more.

ERRIN programme brochure

Document

Published December 2020

Extract

'Dignified Return - Future Perspectives' provides a general overview of the ERRIN network and its key activities.

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