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Project News: 9th phase of the BOMCA programme extended for 18 months

3 July 2018

The 9th phase of the Border Management Programme in Central Asia (BOMCA 9) has been extended and will run until 14 December 2019. The decision was taken by the European Commission and supported by all five Central Asian States. The European Union allocated an additional amount of 1.6 million EUR for the extension period and all five Central Asian countries have signed addendums to their financing agreements with the EU.

ICMPD has a long-standing experience of work in Central Asia and has been involved in the BOMCA programme from its early phases. Since its launch in 2003, this EU-funded programme has focused on capacity building and institutional development, developing trade corridors, improving border management systems and eliminating drug trafficking across the Central Asian region. 


The 9th phase of BOMCA started on 15 June 2015 with the overall objective to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of border management in Central Asia by introducing advanced elements of Integrated Border Management (IBM), assisting governments in developing and reforming their migration governance, mobility and trade facilitation policies, and strengthening capacities of Border and Migration Agencies, thus contributing to security and economic development at national and regional levels. The current phase of the programme is implemented by a consortium of the following partners:  International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD), Food and Veterinary Service of the Republic of Latvia, State Revenue Service of the Republic of Latvia, Riga Technical University, Customs Department of the Republic of Lithuania) and the associate partners consisting of the Ministry of Interior of the Republic of Hungary and the Immigration and Borders Service of the Portuguese Republic under the lead of the State Border Guards of Latvia.  


During the its 36 months the programme implemented over 170 activities in the framework of its three components – institutional development of border management agencies, the institutional framework for the management of mixed migration flows and the adoption of trade facilitation regimes at borders. The non-exhaustive list of results includes:

    • Resumed work of the Regional Platform of CA Border Guards and Customs Training Centres 
    • Launched and operationalised distance learning system for border guards training institutions in Kyrgyzstan (Osh & Bishkek) and for customs higher education institution in Uzbekistan
    • Enhanced administrative management pillar of border management agencies through the trainings, including on-the-job 
    • Assisted the mid-term review and further upgrade of the IBM Strategy and its Action Plan for 2012 - 2022 in Kyrgyzstan 
    • Assisted CA Border Guard Agencies in strengthening identification and profiling mechanisms and developing Methodology for identification of Foreign Terrorist Fighters at BCPs
    • Developed concrete proposals for legal and instrumental procedures governing the inter-agency and intra-service cooperation and information exchange
    • Completed assessment of existing legal acts of the Kyrgyz Republic in the field of migration management and combating irregular migration for further development of legislative framework
    • Provided operational equipment for Border Guard Agencies in CA countries 
    • Assisted CA Customs services in developing their risk management systems and strengthening investigation capacities
    • Provided expert support to CA Phyto-Sanitary-Veterinary services in developing risk analysis of imported animals, food and plants as well as working procedures for risk assessment
    • Provided expert recommendations to  CA Customs services in order to advance electronic E-Customs environment 
    • Supported CA countries - WTO candidates in preparations for the WTO accession by providing legal expertise and trainings  
    • Provided recommendations to the CA Customs agencies  on aligning the national legislation with the provisions of Revised Kyoto Convention
    • Contributed to enhancement of knowledge of the EU Generalised Scheme of Preferences (GSP+) for Kyrgyzstan and strengthening knowledge on specific GSP+ provisions and requirements.

In the next 18 months, until December 2019, the programme will continue to build upon its previous achievements reached in the framework of the three components. It will provide expert technical advisory support during activities in the national-, bi-/multilateral- and regional context. Among other actions, activities on migration, risk management, prevention of corruption, prevention and detection of smuggling, optimising control procedures at border checkpoints and enhancing interagency and regional cooperation will be implemented.  


More information on the ICMPD Border Management Programme can be found here.