News - Detail

Project News: Combatting irregular migration and cross border crime through document fraud detection.

6 June 2019


From 1-6 April 2019, sixty officers of the Ghana Immigration Service (GIS) were trained and certified on Document Fraud Detection at the basic level. This training and certification was conducted within the framework of the project “Strengthening Border and Migration Management in Ghana” (SMMIG), funded by the Government of Denmark and Implemented by the International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD).

Launched in December 2018, the SMMIG project is designed to strengthen the institutional and operational capacities of the Government of Ghana to manage irregular migration flows. Specifically, the project will strengthen the capacity of the Document Fraud Expertise Centre (DFEC) of the GIS, in the area of document fraud detection. DFEC is responsible for the examination, analysis and verification of all types of travel and source documents, including but not limited to passports, visas, and currencies, birth, death, marriage and educational certificates.

Following the launch of the project, ICMPD conducted a gaps and needs assessment of DFEC to determine their training and equipment needs. The assessment report recommended a series of capacity building activities, including trainings for GIS frontline officers on document fraud detection, at different levels; basic to advanced level. These trainings would equip the GIS with the requisite expertise to effectively detect, investigate and prosecute fraudsters. This training of 60 officers is therefore the first of a series of trainings planned under the project.

In recent times, there has been a lot of focus on document fraud, because of its link with irregular migration and cross border crimes (trafficking in persons, smuggling of migrants, terrorism, smuggling of drugs, weapons and contraband goods etc.), in both countries of origin and destination. The use of fraudulent identity is often a necessity for those that engage in irregular migration and cross border crimes. Hence, the interest of the Government of Ghana to combat forgery or counterfeiting of travel documents as well as other official documents used for visa requests and processing resident permits.

More information on the SMMIG project can be found here.