The EUROMED Migration V project in cooperation with the Observatory of Public Attitudes to Migration (OPAM) just released a new study on migration narratives titled “Immigration narratives in the Euro-Mediterranean region: what people believe and why.” The publication is authored by the Head of OPAM, Dr. James Dennison.
EUROMED Migration V: is a programme funded by the European Union (EU) and implemented by the International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD). It supports EU Member States and the European Neighbourhood Instrument Southern Partner Countries (ENI SPCs) in establishing a comprehensive, constructive and operational dialogue and co-operation framework on migration, with a particular focus on reinforcing instruments and capacities to develop and implement evidence-based migration policies.
EMM5 builds upon the results of its first four phases (2004-2020) and tailors its activities around facilitating effective North-South and South-South regional dialogues and cooperation within the thematic areas identified in the Global Approach to Migration and Mobility (GAMM): legal migration, irregular migration, migration and development and international protection in addition to cross cutting topics such as migration governance and communication on migration.
EMM5 aims to foster rights-based migration governance systems by consolidating and expanding cooperation between European Neighbourhood Instrument South Partner Countries and European Union Member States (EU MS) as well as among ENI SPCs themselves. It sets out to do so through three distinct yet complementary components, aligned and integrated to enhance and reinforce one another, namely: Dialogue, Knowledge and Communications:
- The Dialogue and Cooperation:
This component builds upon the consultations and momentum generated through the 16-year dialogue platform of EUROMED Migration, addressing the need to reinforce and improve cooperation between relevant stakeholders in the field of migration. The thematic priorities of the Dialogue component will be devised in consultation with participating states to ensure their relevance and added value.
- The Knowledge management and development:
This component serves to inform the priorities identified through the Dialogue component in order to foster a sound evidence basis for further exchange. The accrued results will reinforce the knowledge and data improvement to serve the priorities of migration governance. The Knowledge component aims to provide stakeholders with a flexible tool to leverage migration research as a mean to consolidate evidence-based policy-making and, as a result, create an enabling environment for adequate and sustainable responses to identified migration issues.
- The Communications and Narrative on migration:
This component aims to promote a balanced migration narrative in the Euro-Mediterranean region. Taking stock of the migration debate’s highly divisive nature, this component seeks to restore favourable conditions for pragmatic and cognisant policy choices. To this end, a range of influential stakeholders will be engaged, such as migration practitioners, communicators and journalists, to advocate for a more balanced and nuanced discussion on migration’s various realities. The Communications component will contribute to attenuate polarisation and generate an enabling environment for migration policy-making.
Together, these three components contribute to reinforcing the coherence, operational scope and resilience of cooperation on migration in the Euro-Mediterranean region as well as to enlarge the common base of national governance systems. As a result, through exchange and enhanced coordination, the potential for conflictual and/or inconsistent policy-making will be significantly reduced. Importantly, the capacity of ENI SPCs and EU MS to manage and address migration challenges, and the intersectionality between their roles as places of origin, transit and destination of migration will be enhanced. This will bring about an increased capacity to reap the benefits and social outcomes of people’s mobility throughout the region.
In addition to the 27 EU Member States, the following South partner countries are participants of EUROMED Migration V:
- Palestine *
* This designation shall not be construed as recognition of a State of Palestine and is without prejudice to the individual positions of the Member States on this issue.
This study aims to unpack some of these approaches in order to identify and better understand the prevailing media narratives on migration that exist in different national contexts. It looks at the strengths and shortcomings and provides some insight into the interplay between editorial lines, political narratives, journalistic approaches and public discourse on this sensitive and often polarising subject.
The study covers 9 EU countries and 8 countries in the south of the Mediterranean: Austria, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Malta, Spain, Sweden on one hand and Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, Tunisia on the other hand.
This report draws on recent scholarly advances to better specify what narratives are and to explain variation in their popularity before considering how their effects on immigration policy preferences varies. The study then considers the popularity of eight simple migration narratives — four positive, four negative — in eight countries across the Euro-Mediterranean region today using recent World Values Survey data. Finally, the extent to which belief in each of these narratives affects one’s preferred immigration policy is tested.
This study aims to offer a better understanding of public attitudes to migration in 17 selected countries on both sides of the Mediterranean and to provide recommendations on how to communicate on migration in a non-polarising manner. It attempts to explain why attitudes to migration are what they are — with an emphasis on the role of media.
The report includes a comprehensive data inventory of all extant quantitative evidence of attitudes to immigration and emigration in all 17 countries since 2010. For the Southern Partner Countries (SPCs), this includes 35 datasets. In Europe, where such surveys are considerably more common and exclusively focused on immigration, sources were divided into three groups: international academic surveys; national academic surveys; and commercial polling companies.
The report forms part of the Phase III Euromed Migration Communications Study. This chapter considers how and why these dramatic changes in the importance of the issue, or salience of immigration, occurred in European politics. It combines findings from various scientific sources to produce a theoretical framework that explains how salience affects electoral outcomes, both in terms of turnout and results, and ultimately public policy via emotional activation, exposure to information and evaluation of politicians
This chapter overviews public attitudes to migration in Southern Partner Countries (SPCs) and considers their effects on migration politics and policies in the region over the past 20 to 30 years. The objective of this chapter is to answer the following question: What are the political effects of public attitudes to migration in the southern and eastern Mediterranean?
The study provides a summary of key recommendations from existing best-practice guides for migration communication and policymakers. The aim of the study is to understand what values-based policy communication is and how they can communicate policies that are concordant with the values of their audiences in order to elicit sympathy.
The demand for assessing the impact of communication campaigns across all sectors is increasing. In the field of migration, this demand is particularly acute because of, amongst other things, the potential of such campaigns to have real-world consequences for millions of people. This report brings together disparate terminology, findings and recommendations from the private and public sectors and academia to synthesise a set of five general steps for practitioners when performing IAs.
Addressing a crucial gap in policy-making, this study aims to instruct practitioners and government stakeholders in the Euro-Mediterranean region on where to collect statistical information for mapping locations, movement trends and characteristics of Arab expatriate communities, with a particular focus on collecting sociodemographic information. In addition to this, the inventory may be used to assess and inform countries’ outreach practices towards emigrants.
The study focuses on movement between eight South Partner Countries (thereafter SPCs): Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Palestine, Jordan and Lebanon, and seven EU Member States (Ms): major receiving countries (France, Spain, Italy), as well as a selection of less prominent ones (Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands and Sweden).
This publication follows and builds on the results of the study ‘Exploring and Proposing Mechanisms for Labour Matching in the Mediterranean Region’, a key programmatic output that identifies structural obstacles to a more optimal allocation of labour in the Euro-Mediterranean region. Taking these obstacles as a starting point, the study adopts a predominantly macro-economic perspective in order to pinpoint migration drivers in four southern Mediterranean countries (Egypt, Jordan, Morocco and Tunisia) and to propose suitable policy interventions from a multi-sectoral standpoint.
It is highly believed that labour market conditions, specifically the mismatch between education and job opportunities, is one of the main reasons for outward migration in the region.